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Lebanon Valley College 



OL. IV. No. 7. 



ANNVILLE, PA., SEPTEMBER, 1891. 



Whole No. 43. 



EDITORS. 

FACULTY. 

Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 

Clay Dkaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 

Z. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 

SB Sarah M. Sherrtck, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language, 
rnv. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science, 
iss Carrie G. Ebt, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
*ss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony, 
iss Emma E. Dittman, Professor of Art. 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 

ionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
hilokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
.alozetean Society— Elmer E. Haak. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 

i. Clay Deaner. 

All communications or items of news 
lould l>e sent to the President. Subscrip- 
ons should be sent to the Publishing 
gent. 

THK COLLEGE FOKCM will be sent 
lonthly for one school year on receipt of 
T enty-tive cents. Subscriptions received at 
iy time. 

For terms of advertising, address the 
iblishing Agent. 



itered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



The Lecture Course for the eorn- 
g year promises to have special at- 
ictions. A full announcement will 
given in our next number. 



ipe is full of opportunities that 
but a short time. When gone, 
y close the door after them. Re- 
ts and remorse will never bring 
m back. 



very good class has been organ- 
in the Bible Normal Union, 
s" work has begun in earnest, and 

course as revised will be com- 
ted during the year. 



lHE College- Man, a, reviewof whicli 
imong the reviews of this issue 
1 club with the College Forum at 
y cents a year. This is a rare op- 



portunity for the readers of the Col- 
lege Forum. Let none fail to avail 
themselves of it. 

No young man or woman can invest 
the same amount of time and money, 
in any way, that will open to them 
such probabilities of useful and pay- 
ing employment and so augment 
their usefulness as in an education. 



"The making of a great magazine, 
being an inquiry into the past and 
future of Harpers' Magazine,showing 
the extent and character of its con- 
tributors for the past seven years, 
with specimen illustrations, has been 
received. It shows how great a 
magazine the Harpers' has become, 
both from an artistic and literary 
standpoint. 



During the past vacation much of 
President Bierman 's time was occu- 
pied in visiting camp-meetings and 
other public gatherings in the inter- 
est of the College. Friday, August 
14th, he spent at Emig's Grove Camp 
near York, and in the afternoon a 
meeting was held in the interest of 
the College. Interesting addresses 
were delivered by the President and 
others, and good impressions made 
no doubt, such as will tell for the 
best interests of the educational 
work in the future. 

Charles Kingsley in a letter to 
young men speaks with such force, 
and the words are so apropos to the 
present that we quote them : 

" My dear young men, the human 
race may for practical purposes be 
divided into three parts : (1.) Honest 
men, who mean to clo right and do 
it. (2.) Knaves, who mean to do 
wrong and do it. (3.) Fools who 
mean to do whatever of the two is 
pleasanter. And these last may be 



divided again into black fools — who 
would rather do wrong, but dare not 
unless it is the fashion ; white fools — 
who would rather do right, but dare 
not, unless it is the fashion." 



As we go to press the sad news of 
Mrs. Sue Groff Thomas' death reach- 
ed us. Ever since the Johnstown 
flood she has been ill. Her death 
was unexpected, and a great shock 
to her many friends. She entered 
the college in 1884 and pursued the 
classical course up to June, 1887, 
having completed all studies to the 
end of the junior year. On April 3, 
1888, she was married to Mr. Harry 
Thomas of Johnstown, where they 
lived in happy wedded life until her 
death, the 13th inst. She was loved 
and esteemed by all who knew her. 
She died in the triumphs of a Savior's 
faith. Her labors were abundant, 
and she has y-one to her reward. 



Our New Professor. 

At the opening of the present term 
our new professor, the Rev. J. A. 
McDermad, A. M., assumed the 
duties of his new position and at this 
writing there is every indication of 
success. The professor comes highly 
recommended by the Faculty of 
Pennsylvania College of which he is 
an alumnus, took a special course in 
chemistry during last spring term in 
order to equip himself for the work 
committed to his charge, and the 
friends and patrons of the college 
are hopeful of excellent results. The 
professor and wife have taken quar- 
ters on Railroad street, and will 
prove a desirable addition to our 
church and other religious and 
social interests. The professor is a 
member of the Pennsjdvania Ann- 
ville Conference of our Church. 



Our Opening. 

On the morning of September 1st, 
the work of the present Collegiate 
year was begun under very satisfac- 
tory auspices. The number of names 



50 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



enrolled at the end of the first week 
was seven ty-two, which was an ad- 
vance of ten over the previous year, 
and above the average of attendance 
at the opening of the Fall term. 



Our Improvements. 

The authorities of the College cer- 
tainly merit the hearty congratula- 
tions and thanks of the students and 
patrons for the great surprise they 
had in store for them at the opening 
of the present term. 

During the summer vacation both 
buildings, the Ladies' Hall and North 
College, have undergone a thorough 
renovation. 

We take the liberty to quote from 
The Annville Journal of September 
1st, the following : 

" The Fall Term of Lebanon Val- 
ley College opens this morning at 9 
o'clock. During the vacation the 
buildings have undergone a thorough 
renovation under the supervision of 
our active and competent President, 
Mr. Bierman, who, with the aid of 
his energetic wife, has entered into 
the noble work which he has under- 
taken, in the spirit of Antonio when 
he said : 

"My purse, my person, my extremest 
means 

Lie all unlocked to your occasions." 

The money which has been ex- 
pended has not been foolishly 
lavished on unnecessary accessions, 
but all has been most judiciously in- 
vested. The halls of both buildings 
have been very nicety wainscoted 
and papered, and new floors laid 
wherever necessary. All the rooms, 
too, have been nicely papered, and 
improvements in general have been 
made which will add to the comfort 
of the students and appearance of 
the school. President Bierman and 
Prof. Lehman have repaired and 
papered their recitation room at 
their own expense. Others of the 
faculty will follow this wise and gen- 
erous action. Miss Sherrick, who 
returned on Saturday with a new 
student, has already selected the 
paper for her recitation room and 
by the close of the week will have it 
finished. Water has also been 
brought up to the door of each 
building. Among the encouraging 
remarks of visitors representing dif- 
ferent colleges of the country, was 
the following from a Professor of 
Otterbein University who, in exam- 
ining the apparatus for experiment- 
ing and illustrations, and the muse- 
um, said ours was equal to, and in 
several respects superior to those of 
older institutions. Thus as mani- 
fested by these improvements and 
the appearance of new students, a 
most encouraging revival of the in- 
terest of the College has taken place, 
and we have every reason to believe 



that this will be one of the most 
profitable years in the history of 
the school." 



Mt. Alto Reunion. 

This annual gathering of our 
church members and others held in 
the interest of our mission work at 
Gettysburg this year, took place on 
the first of this month. Despite the 
unfavorable weather the attendance 
was large. Prof. H. Clay Deaner 
represented the College among the 
speakers of the day and delivered an 
address of unusual force and elo- 
quence on the need of educating 
our children at this day. Among 
the points taken were the following c 

Education is a child's right. 

The church's duty to educate is as 
imperative as that of parent, while 
the responsibility is even greater. 

The church that fails to supply 
means for the education of her chil- 
dren forfeits her right to the children. 

The church needs both a sanctified 
education and piety. 

We can not keep our children in 
the church unless we educate them. 

We should educate them if we wish 
them to be good United Brethren. 



The Two-Cent Contribution. 

In response to an appeal sent out 
by Mrs. Bierman, Mrs. Lehman, 
and Miss Sherrick early in the 
month of July last, for a contribu- 
tion of two cents from each sister in 
our church to aid "in refurnishing 
and making more home-like" the 
rooms and halls of the Ladies' Build- 
ing, the following responses have 
come to hand up to date, and in the 
order in which they are given : 



Littlestown, % 4.50 

Lancaster, 2.00 

Rev. C. I. B. Brane, 1.00 

Wm. O. Nelson, Esq., 1.00 

Schuylkill Haven, 1.56 

Columbia, 2.30 

Dillsburg, 2.50 

Mr. R. A. Maulfair, 25 

Manheim, 1.30 

Duncaimon, 6.81 

York, Second church, 2.75 

Steelton, 3.50 

Rev. J. H. Kurtz, ... 2.50 

St. Paul, Philadelphia, 1.50 

Middletown, East, 2.90 

New Holland, 2.00 

Mount Carmel, 1.25 

Pinegrove, 1.25 

Bendersville, 5 .00 

Mr. Elmer E. Grosh 95 

Mr. John Fegau, 50 

Oberlin, 1.10 

Lykens, 1.05 

Lewars Brothers, 07 

Miss Iva Maulfair, 05 

Mountville, 5.00 

Mr. Core Haines, Philadelphia . . . 5.00 

Annville, ' 10.25 

Miss Lulu K. Walmer, 1.50 

Total, $71734 



Among the contributors will be 
noticed Lewars brothers, which rep- 
resents two little boys of a family 



not connected with our church. Mis 
Iva Maulfair is a little girl of fi 
years who contributed her mite 
her birthday. May not this s 
nouncement stimulate others to gi 
to this worthy object? The : 
provements already made cover c 
siderably more than the above s 

The ladies who sent out the 
take this opportunity to return th 
heartfelt thanks to the gener< 
givers. 



Young People's Bay at Annvil 

The Anniversary of the Y. P. 
TJ. at this place was held on Sundf 
September 6th. The day was a p 
feet one. Long before 9 o'clock < 
and young filed into the church u 
both Sunday-school rooms were v, 
filled and two large classes in t 
upper room. 

At 10 a. m. the pastor, Rev. H. 
Spayd, preached a sermon to a lai 
congregation in the interest of t 
young people. He took for 
theme, " Last but not Least," ba. 
on St. John 6:9. He set forth t 
peculiarities and needs of our tim 
and nation, and clearly showed th 
the young people's movement in t) 
various churches is a great factor 
f.he hand of Grod to bring the wor. 
to Christ. 

The usual Y. P. C. U. gospel met 
ing was held in the lecture room 
6:30 p. m. Prof. J. E. Lehm 
opened the meeting and read the a 
pointed Scripture, Isa. 55:1 and R< 
22:10-17. A number of earn* 
prayers and edifying testimonies : 
Christ and his blessed religion ' 
lowed. 

At 7:20 the Union passed into 1 
auditorium, where a large congre 
tion had already gathered and v\ 
admiring the floral decorations, wh 
had been arranged very tastefully 
the floral committee. 

A special program for the even; 
service had been prepared. 

The pastor presided. The exe 
ses were opened by a hallelrj 
chorus sung by twenty voic 
companied by four instrun 

After Prof. McDermad had 
the 111 Ps. and another hymn l 
he led in prayer. 

Miss Anna R. Forney, a mer 
of the Senior class, read a well 
pared and interesting paper on 
" Origin and History of the "5 
C. XL" 

Hervin TJ. Roop, of Highs 
another member of the Senior c 
delivered an address on k< Dilig 
in Christian Work." His thou 
were clear and his arguments tii 
and to the point. 

Miss Kate Mumma delivere 
recitation. Subject : " The Lej 
Beautiful," which was listened 
with interest. 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Mr. Harry Kinports, Secretary of 
ije Y. M. C. A. in Minneapolis, 
;inn., gave a glowing report of the 
■eat International Convention of 
,e Christian Endeavor movement, 
hich convened in Minneapolis, July 
h. 

The music was in charge of Prof, 
j E. Lehman, President of the 
j'nion,and musical director of this 
a ngregation and Sunday-school. It 
useless to say that the music was 
a high order and very much ap- 
/eciated by all who heard it. 
A collection was taken for the Y. 
. C. U. Mission, lately organized in 
os Angeles, Cal,, which amounted 
> $11.00. 

| The universal verdict was that the 
st anniversary of our local Y. P. 
U. was a grand success. S. 



Prof. A. H. Gerherich, B. S. 

It gives us great satisfaction to 
,ate that Prof. Gerberich, who so 
My filled the chair of natural 
Ijjinence in this institution during last 
ear, has recently been elected Su- 
s jrvising Principal of the Public 
" chools of Williamstown, Dauphin 
c )unty, this State. Prof. Gerberich 
a painstaking teacher, an indus- 
yious sti lent and indefatigable in 
lie pur? it of any work he under- 
lines tc do, and we have every 
ason to look for grand results in 
ie schools of the town he has as- 
imed to supervise. 



County Teachers' Institute. 

The Teachers' Institute, of Leb- 
on county, will be held this year 
$>m November 16th to 20th. 'The 
lowing are the list ofentertain- 
nts : 

onday Evening — Lecture by 
n. Marriott Brosius, Congressman 
^Lancaster county. 
,ni uesday Evening — An illustrated 
ure by Von Finklestein Mamr- 

ednesday Evening — The Walter 
**e: rson Concert Company, 
j J ursday Evening — Lecture by 
''H Joseph Cook, of Boston. 
I iday Evening — Lecture by Dr. 
ship, of Boston. 

he following instructors will be 
sent : Dr. N. C. Shaeffer, Dr. G. 
hillips, Dr. E. 0. Lyte, Dr. A. E. 
1 ship, Ex-Supt. M. G. Brum- 
»T! gh, Mrs. H. E. Monroe, President 
n . np, President Geo. Holzophel 
1 President Bierman. 



Alumni. 

J. Evers, '91, has been elected 
distant Secretary of the Y. M. C. 
at Dayton, Ohio. He stopped at 
College on his way out, and ex- 
ssed himself highly gratified at 
outlook of the College and the 



fine improvements in the buildings 
Dr. George R. Shenk, '87, whose 
success at Ringtown, Pa., has been 
almost phenomenal, has located at 
Reading, Pa 

Prof. A. H. Gerberich, '88, has 
been elected Supervisory Principal 
of the schools of Williamsport, Pa. 

Prof. D. D. Keedy, '78, who was 
in the Railway Mail Service during 
the past y ear, is at present teaching 
" the young idea how to shoot " at 
Eakles Mill, Md. 

Ella N. Say lor, '91, has re-entered 
the College, and will complete the 
musical course this year. 

Prof. W. S. Ebersole, '85, will con- 
tinue his post-graduate studies at 
Yale. 

E. E. Keedy, '89, who is a mem- 
ber of the senior class (Yale Divin- 
ity), has been appointed principal 
of the schools of Rohrersville, Md. 
He will re-enter Yale next year. 

William M. Hain, '88, a lawyer of 
the Harrisburg bar,was nominated as 
the candidate for County Solicitor 
on the Democratic ticket in conven- 
tion assembled August 26. Mr. 
Hain received the nomination un- 
solicited. Mr. Hain is very ener- 
getic and possesses executive abil- 
ity. If elected he will prove a 
worthy solicitor. 

Prof. A. Y. Hiester, '87, who was 
Professor of Mathematics in Palati- 
nate College, Myerstown, Pa., last 
year, enters Union Theological Sera 
inary, New York. While pursuing 
his theological course he will attend 
lectures in Philosophy in the Uni- 
verse of New York. 

Prof. J. T. Spangler, '90. who so 
successfully filled the Greek De- 
partment last year, has entered 
Union Biblical Seminary. Revs. 
Grant Shaeffer and S. C. Enck, both 
of '91, have also entered. 

Prof. Wm. Keller, '90, who was 
principal of the schools of Richland, 
Pa., last year, will teach at Johns- 
town, Pa. 



PERSONALS. 



[Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be reneaterl here.] 



Mrs. Prof. Deaner is visiting at 
the Professor's parents in Maryland. 

Ex-President Kephart brought two 
daughters to the college on the first. 

Ex-President Lorenz, on his re- 
turn from the Adirondacks, paid us 
a pleasant call at the opening of the 
term. He is greatly improved in 
health. 

Miss Emma Landis was visiting 
Miss Sheldon at Canton, Pa. She 
has been a sufferer from malaria for 
some time. 

Miss Weimer, of Sedgwick, Kan- 
sas, is a prospective student. 



Rev. John Graybill, '72, of Pitts- 
burg, filled our pulpit on the 13th 
inst. 

Mrs. Bowman, of Canada, mother 
of Prof. Bowman, who was visitino- 
the Professor, has returned home. ° 

Miss Annie Keedy is visiting Miss 
Anna Brightbill, '92, and contem- 
plates re-entering the college in the 
late fall. 8 

On the 10th inst., Rev. George 
Imboden, of the Evangelical church 
conducted chapel services. 

Prof. McFadden and family spent 
several weeks among his many 
friends here the latter part of Au- 
gust. While here the Professor at- 
tended the American Association for 
the Advancement of Science at 
Washington, D. C, of which he is a 
member. 



K AT AKEKO MMEN A . 



Several gentlemen of the Senior 
class are seriously affected with stiff 
necks. The malady is singularly 
singular. They have the entire 
sympathy of their sisters. 

One of the first things which 
greeted the ears of our citizens was 
the College yell. The next, how 
beautiful the college looks. We 
are proud of her and rejoice to see 
such nice improvements. Long may 
L. Y. C. live to bless humanity. 

The enrollment of the class enter- 
ing the three years' course of the 
Chautauqua Circle numbers 15,000. 

Sally, the interesting chimpanzee 
of the Zoological Gardens, London, 
has departed this life. She could 
count up to seven, had a large ac- 
quaintance, and had often been in- 
terviewed by Darwin. 

Humboldt calculated the mean 
level of North America to be 748 
feet above the sea, and he found that 
in 4,500,000 years the whole of 
North America might be worn down 
to the sea level. 

Miss Anna M. Williams, of Phila- 
delphia, is the living model of the 
Goddess of Liberty as found on the 
obverse side of the Bland silver dol- 
lar. She is known as Miss Liberty, 
the popular teacher in the Girls' 
Normal School. 

Rev. J. E. Kieffman, '89, presented 
the museum with a fine collection of 
snake eggs. 

Two-thirds of the applicants for 
admission to West Point and Annap- 
olis, according to Dr. Cheseman of 
Chicago, are rejected because'of the 
cigarette habit and its results. 

By an interesting experiment at 
the Florence Polytechnic Institute, 
it has been found that a"snail's pace" 
means, that it would take a snail ex- 
actly fourteen days to crawl a mile. 
Millicent: "What is the meaning 



52 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



of ' reciprocity,' Will?" Will: "It 
means an exchange in which neither 
party has the advantage ; as, for in- 
stance, if you were to give me a kiss 
(like this) I would be obliged to give 
you one in return (like this). See?" 
Millicent: " Yes, how lovely ; but, 
Will, I don't see how an old man 
like Mr. Blaine can be so interested 
in it." — Keystone. 

A priest had a loud, harsh voice, 
and when he sang the service, or 
preached, one of the women in the 
congregation wept. He noticed this, 
and was touched. He thought that 
this was an acknowledgment of the 
power of his sermons or the beauty of 
his singing, but was not quite sure 
which. So he asked the woman one 
day why she wept when he sang and 
preached. " Oh, sir," she answered, 
" I had once <t faithful, dear old ass, 
and one winter the wolves ate him. 
Whenever I hear you, sir, I recall 
the bray of my ass, and my tears 
flow !" 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications for this department 
should toe addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 



Instead of the problems and solu- 
tions usually given here, we give in 
this number by way of variety a few 
mathematical items. Perhaps our 
readers will be as much interested in 
these as they would be in the prob- 
lems. 

First of all we want to let our 
friends know that the classes in this 
department are fully organized and 
regularly at work. Our surround- 
ings have been greatly improved 
and beautified during the vacation. 
The mathematical room has been 
papered and painted, and is now ac- 
knowledged to be the most inviting 
room about the institution, at least 
from an aesthetic standpoint ; the 
modern language room is not ex- 
cepted, though that has been some- 
what improved as well as the mental 
and moral science room. There are 
a few who think that the exact 
science is " dry," and are a little 
slow in acknowledging their convic- 
tions on the above point. 

Five classes in pure Mathematics 
and a class in Mechanics recite daily, 
two in Arithmetic, one in Algebra, 
one in Solid Geometry, and one in 
Analytical Geometry. These classes 
are not lai'ge, but are working with 
an enthusiasm that is commendable. 
The class in Analytics is a little " at 
sea " yet, but the light is beginning 
to dawn ; the subject is somewhat 
abstract and consequently difficult, 
but with such an effort as some are 
putting forth it must be conquered. 
Here, as elsewhere, " labor omnia 
vincit." 

Prof. Schurman of Cornell Uni- 



versity, in a paper on u The Ideal 
College Education," pays a high 
compliment to the study of mathe- 
matics. We can not refrain from 
quoting a few extracts here. He 
says — " the goal of every science of 
nature is to become applied mathe- 
matics, and this goal has actualby 
been attained by physics which is 
the basal science of nature. Accord- 
ingly, we may regard mathematics 
as the portal of all scientific culture. 
(The italics are mine.) * * * * 
Altogether, then, I consider elemen- 
tary mathematics an essential of a 
liberal education, not because, as is 
generally said, it is a good mental 
discipline, but because it is the in- 
dispensable condition of the study of 
the principal sciences of nature. By 
means of it we unlock the mysteries 
of the physical world, which is the 
one pole of our intellectual interest, 
as man himself is the other." 



===== 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



C I ion i an literary Society. 



Virtute et Fide. 



As we have come to the com- 
mencement of another year's work, 
we look back over the past few 
months with feelings of pleasure at 
the remembrance of kindly associa- 
tions and friendships formed during 
our short vacation. 

How glad we were when the last 
school session closed to return to 
those we loved. How many pleasant 
recollections we have of days of en- 
joyment, perhaps daj'S of recreation 
when we obtained physical culture. 
But we need not only to be develop- 
ed physically but mentally How- 
ever pleasant may have been our 
vacation, we nevertheless felt that 
we preferred assuming duties of 
higher importance, such as will afford 
mental culture and discipline. 

We have returned with a full de- 
termination to make the society work 
a success. We recognize the essen- 
tial element to a thorough education 
is participation in society work. We 
need to acquire such knowledge as is 
derived from the text-book and class- 
room, but we need the society to 
develop our powers more symmet- 
rically. 

The society held its first meeting 
on Friday evening, September 4th. 
The following officers were elected : 
President, Anna Forney ; Vice-Pres- 
ident, Minnie Weinman ; Secretary, 
Anna Brightbill ; Treasurer, Ida 
Bowman. The following names were 
proposed : Misses Sherrick, Heberly, 
Erb, King and Gerberich. 

We are glad to welcome these 
ladies into the Society. We feel 
that in order to do effectual work, 



an increase of members will be xi pros] 
helpful. 11 Ten 

We are also glad to have with<rht h 
Miss Anna Keedy, of RohrersvUjn at t 
Md., formerly a member of the SqJ that 
ety. »y sec 

As she is spending some timepectat 
this place, we feel highly pleasedtely) t 
have her with us in our weekly mos we 
ings. The enthusiastic interest m«ndo 
ifested by her in the work of fornglect 
years, assures us that her influerpt th 
is such as to create a greater ziivity 
and earnestness among the membulding 
to do more effectual work. d be; 

. > . ■ allege 

Kalozetean Literary Society.^®" 



Palma nun sine Pulvere. 



ces in 
is, wa 
d its 
the C 



After having been away fro : 

school and its duties for seven 

weeks, we have again returned ar, J? 

the U 



studies and soeiet 
we arrived, we W 



5ted ii 



resumed our 
work. When 

glad to see familiar faces, and hf 1 
different the condition of thinf?™ 1 " 
Indeed, as we saw the halls and o'. lc 1 . 
rooms so nicely repaired, we COuF| se 
not help but become encourage d art ** e fl 
resolve to do hard work during W °. n 
year. The boys who were with 
during last year, with two excepjr 6 * 
tions, are back and report having 1 ^ 
had a pleasant vacation. It is witF 11 ' 
pleasure that we note the deep inr bs 
terest taken by the members iij. 8 - 
society and the determination to d S101 
faithful work. a ^ e h 

We are glad to have with us thi AS c 
year Messrs. J. 0. Mohn, of Rea<r. s y 
ing, Pa., D. N. Scott, of Seymour* 1 * 1 
ville, W. Va., and E. S. Feeser, c P! e 
Linglestown, Pa., all former student um 
Mr. Mohn intends taking the co? we< 
lege course. , 1 . 

Messrs. S. Garinan, of Harrisbui inlS11 
Pa., and S. J. Evers, class '91, ho 11 zt 
ored us with a short visit during t fk • 
first week of school. They look wc vo1 
and happy. We are always glad, 
see the smiling faces of these gen] 
men, and enjoy listening to til 
words of cheer and encouragenyj 
Mr. Evers was on his way to 
ton, Ohio, where he is employ ech li- 
the Y. M. C. A. as membership |st r 
retary. We wish him success. 

On Friday evening, Septei 
12th, the following subjects 
discussed : Immigration, The Jetf,#' 
Russia, The Relation of the Ch\$ 
in Modern Scientific Thought, 
the subject for debate : " Resold 
that Morality does not Advance 
Civilization," was ably discussed! 



Philokosmian Literary Soeietpjnat 

Vos 



" Esse Quam Videri." 



As the students left the halls of 
College at the close of the last ye 



iav 
wi 
ti 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



53 



be prospects for the opening of the 
11 Term were not as bright as they 
with^ht have been. But as they re- 
ersvifa at the opening of this year, they 
lie Sctl that truly " things are not what 
Jy seem ;" that, contrary to the 
timebectations of many and (unfortu- 
iasedfely) the hopes of a few, the build- 
y m&s were not left with bolted doors, 
st niandoned to indifference and 
fornglect ; but on every hand are evi- 
iflueipt the most encouraging signs of 
ter ztivity and improvement. The 
lenibfildings have been nicely repaired 
d beautified, and generally the 
>llege seems in the dawn of a very 
. I r osperous future. 

J 'Not among the least potent influ- 
j ces in the accomplishment of all 
is, was the effort of the P. L. S. 
fjjd its ex-members. The interests 
sever ,tlie College have been well repre- 
ec ] a ,iited by them at every assemblage 
soc j e( 'the United Brethren people during 
- e we ,c summer, and the result is mani- 
1( j jj ( =ted in the improvements and the 
^ij^oming of new students, some of 
Q( j ^ich have already seen fit to unite 
» C0l ,unselves with our interests. 
;;ed ajf ne first meeting of the term was 
ing $ °. n Friday evening, September 
vith u witu an attendance of 21 active 
exeer] bers - The program was an 
havin<. m P omneous one. Notwishstand- 
is witlpis anc * the loss we sustain by 
2ep ii^bsence of the class of '91, the 
era ii 1 showed themselves equal to the 
i to d sion - Various subjects relating 
ne history, interests and coming 
us thr s °* tn e term were discussed in 
Iiea( ;as J and creditable manner. All 
mour; visitors expressed themselves as 
ser, c P! ease d. 

ident U1 *i n g the business session which 
ie co? we(l > everything conspired to 
into flame the spirit of Philokos- 
sbui knisra, and every face was radiant 
L, ho u zeal afi d willingness for the 
no- t f k* H. U. Roop reported twenty- 
'k°wt volumes donated to our library ; 
lad f f rs » propositions for membership, 
^enl finally came the initiation, by 

3 tl|r t * me our s I H1 'i ts were fairly 
J ling over with glee and exulta- 
| as we realized how happily and 
M nately we were banded together; 
|j reminiscences and associations 
•d across our minds as we sat 
more in our almost sacred hall, 
saw others coming in to join 
ranks. The good old Philokos- 
song was rolled out from the 
depths of the soul in volumes 
filled the whole community, and 
r ie close of the session the boys, 
ble to contain their ecstasy, gath- 
ll in front of the building and 
^ out in cheering accents the 
ieti»{nating Philo yell. Ah I ex- 
os and friends, we realize that 
Mis good for us to be here." Let 
liiave occasional calls from you. 
of will be glad to receive you at 
ye.J time. 



ev.' 

!h 

t, 
ol 

e 
ted 



Through the kindness of our ex- 
member Dr. H. B. Stehman, '73, 
Superintendent of Presbyterian Hos- 
pital, Chicago, we were the recipi- 
ents of twenty-five valuable volumes 
for our library. Among them are 
twenty volumes of the ancient and 
modern library of Theological Liter- 
ature. An unabridged French Dic- 
tionary in two volumes, Giekie's 
Life of Christ, Abercrombie's Intel- 
lectual Philosophy and a collection 
of old catalogues and programs of 
anniversary and commencement ex- 
ercises of L. V. C, for all of which 
we are very grateful. 

Our library numbers now seven 
hundred and eighty-six volumes, 
and we want to swell this to 
one thousand before June. If our 
friends and brothers wish to make us 
nappy, let them follow the example 
of Dr. Stehman and remember us 
with a volume. 



THE EARTH A DYNAMO. 



Professor Bigelow Adds to the Romance of 
Science— Baffling Problems Likely to Be 
Solved. 

A Washington letter to the New 
York Tribune of late issue says : A 
stir has been created this month in 
scientific circles, especially among 
astronomers and meteorologists by 
an announcement of Professor Frank 
H. Bigelow. For over a year he has 
been laboring to demonstrate, what 
has been suspected, but never before 
has been proven, that the sun is 
either a magnet or very much like 
one, in its influences on other heav- 
enly bodies, and that the strange 
phenomena of terrestrial magnetism 
spring from that source. This work, 
which was original in method, and 
exceedingly intricate and difficult, 
has at last reached a stage which ex- 
perts accept as success. This im- 
portant discovery promises to unlock 
several hitherto impenetrable mys- 
teries of the universe, to open new 
fields of research, and to win lasting 
and high renown both for this young 
scientist and his county. 

ORIGIN OP THE SOLAR CORONA. 

Prof. Bigelow started out, more 
than two years ago, by attempting to 
explain the solar corona as of mag- 
netic origin. This beautiful and 
marvelous spectacle is only to be 
seen when the sun itself is com- 
pletely obscured by the moon in 
total eclipse. It stretches out from 
the edge of the disc like an irregular 
halo, in some places and at certain 
times extending a distance nearly 
equal to a solar diameter, the outline 
somewhat suggesting several wings, 
and altogether being roughly star- 
shaped. But it fluctuates in figure 
and extent greatly. A very gener- 
ally held opinion as to its' nature 



has been that it was gaseous, the 
spectroscope revealing therein hy- 
drogen and various vaporized met- 
als, besides some substances whose 
composition is not known. But as 
meteorites fall through it without 
much, it an}^, perceptible resistance, 
obviously the outer envelope of the 
sun is of a very delicate texture. 
Another feature of the corona is that 
it seeems to radiate in fine streaks 
which are not entirely straight, but 
slightly curved. It is this curvature 
that is the foundation of Professor 
Bigclow's discovery. He conceived 
that the coronal streamers or rays 
might correspond to what Faraday 
called "the lines of force" in a spher- 
ical magnet, and set out to see if this 
were true. 

A FAMILIAR EXPERIMENT. 

Every school boy and school girl 
who has studied natural philosophy 
recalls the pictures of iron filings on 
a sheetof paper, grouped like feathery 
fringes about the ends of a horse- 
shoe-magnet placed below. These 
filaments tend to organize into 
radiant lines, leaving one pole of the 
magnet and entering the other. The 
precise direction and shape of these 
lines in a spherical magnet have been 
carefully studied and described by 
such eminent physicists as Maxwell, 
Mascart, Thomson and Tait, and 
whether the coronal lines correspond- 
ed to these was to be ascertained by an 
elaborate mathemtical method known 
as "analysis by spherical harmonics." 
The first test was made with a pho- 
tograph of the corona taken on Jan- 
uary 1, 1889, by the Harvest eclipse 
party. The harmony between the 
curve of the lines there exhibited 
and that which theory prescribes 
was so close as to give substantial 
confirmation of Professor Bigclow's 
suspicion. 

CAUSE OF SUNSPOTS. 

The matter composing the coronal 
streamers is believed to be shot up 
from the sun by some expelling force 
but it ceases to be incandescent and 
visible at a short distance. It is part 
of Prof. Bigelow's theory that sun- 
spots are caused in part, if not wholly, 
by the falling of this matter perpen- 
dicularl}' to the sun's surface and as 
it ascends from high latitudes in 
rocket-like curves which bend over 
toward the equator, this deposit 
would of course fall nearer to the 
equator the more powerful the origi- 
nal ejection. Therefore he connects, 
as cause and effect, the weaker coro- 
nal development observed at the 
minimum stage of the eleven-year 
cycle with the higher latitude in 
which spots are then found, and the 
greater coronal extension at the 
maximum period with the greater 
proximity of the spots to the equa- 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



tor. Some of the coronal matter, 
the lighter part of course, may not 
be deposited on the sun, he thinks, 
but being carried along the lines of 
force to the plane of the equator, it 
ma}' become distributed out in space 
in that plane so as to cause that 
other mysterious appearance, " the 
zodiacal light." 

the sun's rotation feriod. 

One use which Professor Bigelow 
has made of this discovery is to as- 
certain, in a way never before possi- 
ble, how long certain parts of the sun 
were in making a complete revolu- 
tion. A study of spots has shown 
that the regions near the equator re- 
volve faster than those near the 
poles. But spots are seldom or 
never seen in either hemisphere in 
higher la'itude than 45 degrees. 
Fortunately, the centres about which 
the coronal belts are arranged, and 
which Prof. Bigelow for convenience 
calls the sun's " coronal polls," are 
not identical with the geographical 
p.>les, but are about 4^ degrees to 
one side. Hence they will be in dif- 
ferent positions, as regards the axis 
of rotation, at different times. Hav- 
ing located them, then, in each of his 
three photographs, taken in different 
3 ? ears, he is enabled to compute pre- 
cisely the time required for a single 
revolution, which he finds to be 27 
days, 9 hours, 52 minutes, 52 sec- 
onds. He can now easily locate the 
position of these poles at an} r future 
hour or minute. 

POLARIZATION OF THE SUN. 

Professor Bigelow is very careful 
to avoid calling the sun a "magnet." 
He merely proves that it is a "polar- 
ized body," acting like one. He 
takes pains to say that the influence 
exhibited in the corona, whether it 
really be magnetism or some other 
cosmical force (or form of force) re- 
lated to it much a-i light is to heat, 
it is simply subject to the same 
mathematical laws as magnetism. 
The same principle by which New- 
ton explained the fall of the apple to 
the earth also shows why the planets 
stay in their regular orbits about the 
sun, instead of flying off into space. 
But attraction formed only part of 
that great philosopher's Bystem, 
Repulsion is also included in it. 
And many of the mathematical for- 
mula 1 applicable in discussing pheno- 
mena of the former class are also 
suited to the latter, with merely a 
change of algebraic signs from plus 
to minus. Great mathematical prob- 
lems relating to electricity and mag- 
netism are solved by this method or 
"function ;" and Professor Bigelow 
merely claims that the polarization 
of the sun, and the solar control of 
terrestrial magnetism are instances of 
"the Newtonian Potential Function 
in the case of Repulsion." 



TERRESTRIAL MAGNETISM. 

" True as the needle to the pole," 
like many other similes, is an im- 
perfect comparison. That little strip 
of steel by which every navigator in 
the civilized globe steers his craft, 
and by which every acre of land 
in the world is surveyed before its 
bounds are designated for record, 
does not, except in rare instances, 
point due north, nor is it stationary. 
Its direction is toward a certain 
centre called a magnetic pole, some 
distance from the geographical pole; 
and but for carefully drawn charts, 
making proper corrections for the 
greater or less variation in every 
part of the globe, our ships would 
be wrecked and our boundaries 
would be wrong, through the false 
guidance of the compass. 

FLUCTUATIONS OF THE NEEDLE. 

There is, moreover, a small daily 
oscillation. After remaining steady 
all night, the needle will at day- 
break, in our hemisphere, begin to 
swing very slowly eastward until 9 
or 10 o'clock, and then move west- 
ward past the starting point until 
noon or 2 p. m., after which it re- 
turns, reaching its ordinary position 
by or before sunset. This oscillation 
is very small — practically nothing at 
the equator, about five to eight min- 
utes of an arc at Washington and 
Philadelphia, rather more in Toronto, 
still greater in Labrador, and up on 
Lady Franklin Bay, in north latitude 
81.44, as much as two full degrees 
on some days. The oscillation, 
which, by the way, is quite distinct 
from the more sudden, violent and 
irregular perturbations called " mag- 
netic storms " is greater in summer 
than in winter, greater at the equi- 
noxes than at the solstices, and from 
50 to 75 per cent, greater at the 
maximum than at the minimum 
stage of sunspot frequency in the 
eleven-year circle. In the Southern 
Hemisphere the swing is in the re- 
verse direction, and there are a few 
stations where there is a double, 
instead of only a single, complete 
daily fluctuation. 

SUNLIGHT A.ND MAGNETISM. 

Terrestial magnetism results, Pro- 
fessor Bigelow believes, from solar 
energy transmitted to the earth along 
two sets of lines ; one the coronal, 
curved, and crossing the plane of the 
ecliptic near us perpendicularly ; the 
other, straight, like the rays of light 
and heat, and parallel with the eclip- 
tic. The latter set he holds to be the 
most important, at least as regards 
the daily oscillation of the needle 
What takes place every da} r , then, 
as the earth rotates in these rays is 
practically what takes place in a dy- 
namo for producing electricity. It is 
only necessary to move any conduct- 



While 



ting substance past a magnet, ac r e j<rht 
its "lines of force," to have 
conductor made a magnet itself 
the time being by " induction," 
for a system of electrial currents h the e 
culating around its axis to be excijith the < 
While the conductor approacheslegent < 
nearest end acquires, let us say, noipd to g 
pole magnetism, and the surrourihe seal 
ing currents go in one directiAllowin^ 
counter-clock-wise; but when tjeigbs I 
moving conductor has passed ftueenR 
stationary magnet, this same nearly P nn 
end, now receding, reverses its polhe I"^ al 
ity, and is like a south pole. 5 to sa 
In a dynamo there are scores, list thrc 
to say hundreds, of such conducta"t, not 
arranged on a circular rotative Sec( 
frame, which are thus brought i 
succession toward and away fro, , 
the dominating magnets. Profess! 10 
Bigelow conceives of each spot ( The 
the earth's surface as being rotatfiy on 
daily past the sun, and gohonic an 
through this same experience. Frojorst 
dawn to noon it approaches ; froi is f: 
noon to sunset it recedes. The v 
is instruments in an observat 



ects 
rly 1 
ver u 



registering the various compone 
of the magnetic situation inducltter t 
immediately underneath them, swirjit the 
first in one direction and then in tnpey 
other, and when they are carried oiiurc 
of sight of the sun at night come tbund 
a state of rest, provided, of course ghtl 
that no exterior disturbance arises ^ep 
Were the earth stationary this radpd e 
ant influence would be felt instant? 
neously, but owing to its rotatio 
there is a lag of about 23 degrees 
longitude, or about an hour and 
half of time. Along these radiatirj It v 
lines light and heat pass outwan well 
from the sun ; the magnetic force he pt 
shown to be directed inward. W pi 

S«;ars 
the 
tu; 
its 
divi 
1 1 1 1 



FUTURE WORK. 

Work in the immediate futu. 1 
Professor Bigelow thinks, should 
pushed in these directions : Fn 



the agreement between theory 
observations certain "constaiTjQ|-sh 
should be ascertained — the stren,^^, i 
of the solar magnetic field, the 
meability of the earth, and tin 
mospheric resistance to magnet 
He would have the relations betv 
magnetism and weather exan. 
afresh from this new vantage groi^ 
improved magnetic charts suppjM 
to navigators, and observatories ^ 
tablished, not as now, very mue U 
random, but in picked localities ^ 
render the record more perfect. * 9 Ji 
also believes that inequalities in ti 
motion of the perihelion of Merc ynfflle 
and the moon's node — the one 
dequately explained on the the j 
of an intra-Mercurial planet, and 
other not accounted for by grav 
tion — can be cleared up by a pr< 
use of his recent discovery. 



j^fT Subscribe for The Forum 




feht of the Spanish Royal 
Family. 

n," While passing a weighing machine 
■nts n the esplanade at San Sebastion 
;xcif ith the children recently , the Queen 
; lies egent of Spain took it into her 
noread to get the whole party weighed, 
•rouihe scales tipped the beam at the 
ectifpllowing figures : King Alfonso 
m ffeighs 35 pounds ; his mother, the 
3d tfcueen Regent, 118; his eldest sister, 
leapie Princess of the Asturias, 48, and 
i polbe Infanta Maria Theresa, 45. That 
5 to say, the entire family weighs 
es, list three pounds less than the old, 
uctdut not venerable, Queen Isabella 
itatiihe Second. 

ht 3 ~ 



■ fn 
fes 
•at 
)tat 



ow to Talie Care of the Brain. 

The brain stands most abuse of 
y organ in the body. Its best 
gohpnic and stimulant is success. The 
Projorst and most depressing thing to 
froi is failure. The most injurious 
; vftffects come by using stimulants in 
atc|krly life. Young people should 
nejfcver use liquors, tea or coffee. The 
Iuc< tter two may not exactly do harm, 
swirjat they are conducive of no good, 
in tl iey act mostly on the brain and 
d oi ure its growth very materially, 
ae tbundance of sleep is necessary, 
•urscght hours is not more than enough. 
riseJeep is the time of relatively low- 
rad id expenditure and increased re- 
antfti r. — Exchange. 

atio , , t 

\s c 

ml The Force of Habit. 

ttid It was after a dinner at Young's, 
waii well-known Commonwealth Ave- 
- e Ate physician had been dining with a 
jpw professional cronies, and as the 
ijiars were lighted the talk drifted 
ji- the tobacco habit ; first, in its ef- 
Mit upon the race at large, and then 
fj its peculiar effects upon various 
r t jdividuals. 
:1 M\' I know a man," said the elder 
1 |j/.}''sician, whose income, by the way, 
\Wffl^< i»t-o five figures ; " in fact, he is 
- in my employ, who is the victim 
' lie strangest whims in regard to 
lipase of the weed that ever came un- 
|tjj>uy observation. He is a Scotch- 
ed , about sixty years old. Twelve 
, *m -s ago he deserted from the Eng- 
navy and came to this country, 
tjtj $\ :n I gave him place as coachman, 
ft! jai One morning I went into the 



|| le and noticed that a hole about 
feet square had been cut in a 
v'wi tition between two stalls and a 
yflfile shelf had been nailed up under 
tfa i f I wondered what on earth it had 
fM n done for, but Donald was away 
- li'jhhe time, and when he came back 
'V tad slipped my mind. 
ti|yt ; It was as much as a week after- 
rd before I had occasion to go to 
stable again, and when I did, I 
nd Donald standing on a stool, 



leaning his elbow on the shelf, with 
a long, clay pipe in his mouth, smok- 
ing away like a good one, and blow- 
ing the smoke through the little 
window he had cut. Upon iny ques- 
tioning him, he told me that of the 
twenty years he had passed in her 
Majesty's service, ten of it had been 
on board a powder ship, where the 
rules against smoking were very 
strict. 

" During all this time he had been 
accustomed four times a day to stand 
upon a chest and lean out of a port- 
hole to smoke, so that no on ewould 
smell him, and when at last he took 
French leave he found that he could 
not get any satisfaction out of a pipe 
unless indulged in in the old posture, 
and so, from that day to this, you 
can find him after each meal, and for 
half an hour before going to bed, 
standing on that stool blowing his 
smoke through the little window." 
— Boston Herald. 



We talk of food for the mind, as 
of food for the body ; now a good 
book contains such food inexhausti- 
bly ; it is a provision for life, and for 
the best part of us, yet how long 
most people would look at the best 
book before they would give the 
price of a fine dinner for it ! Though 
there have been men who have bared 
their backs and pinched their stom- 
achs to buy a book, whose libraries 
were cheaper to them, I think, in the 
end, than most men's dinners are. 
If public libraries were as costly as 
public dinners, or books cost the 
tenth part of what bracelets do, even 
foolish men and women might some- 
times suspect there was good in 
read'ng, as well as in munching and 
sparkling ; whereas, the very cheap- 
ness of literature is making people 
forget that if a book is really worth 
reading it is worth buying. — John 
Ruskin. 



You can no more filter your mind 
into purity than you can compress 
it into calmness; you must keep it 
pure if you would have it pure ; and 
throw no stones into it if you would 
have it quiet. — John liuskin. 



John Burroughs, in an essay in 
the September Atlantic on " Anal- 
ogy : True and False," which is full 
of analogies quoted from all kinds 
of writers, says : 

A man's life may stagnate as lit- 
erally as water may stagnate, and 
just as motion and direction are the 
remedy for one, so purpose and ac- 
tivity are the remedy for the other. 
Movement is the condition of life, 
anyway. Set the currents going in 
the air, in the water, in the body, in 
the mind, in the community, and 



a healthier condition will follow. 
Change, diversit} r ; activity, are the 
prime conditions of life and health 
everywhere. People with doubts and 
perplexities about life go to work to 
ameliorate some of its conditions, 
and their doubts and perplexities 
vanish, not because the problems are 
solved, as they think they are, but 
because their energies have found an 
outlet, the currents have been set 
going. Persons of strong will have 
few doubts and uncertainties. They 
do not solve the problems, but they 
break the spell of their enchantment. 
Nothing relieves and ventilates the 
mind like a resolution. 



REVIEWS. 

The College-Man is an Intercollegi- 
ate Magazine of student life and work. 
It has tliirty-six associate editors in 
thiity-six of the leading colleges. Prom- 
inent College Presidents, Professors, 
Alumni and Undergraduates are our con- 
tributors. It is handsomely illustrated. 
It is the only Intercollegiate paper in the 
college world. It is popular, not techni- 
cal in character. It contains thirty-two 
quarto pages. It is published at Yale 
with E. E. Keedy, '89, as business man- 
ager. 

Prominent features for 1891-92, are : 
A fine series of articles by prom- 
inent College Presidents ; Another series 
on "Methods of Teaching and study," 
by Professors and Teachers ; An instruc- 
tive essay each month on "Memory," 
by Mr. Addison King, M. A., of Cam- 
bridge, England ; Series of articles on 
various College Fraternities, including 
Sigma Phi, Delta Kappa Epsilon, Psi 
Upsilon, Kappa Kappa Gamma, Delta 
Upsilon and others yet to be arranged 
for. Questions of Fraternity life will also 
be treated; "Chapter Houses," with 
Illustrations; "Experiences Since Grad- 
uation," by eminent Alumni ; Interesting 
news each month from the Colleges. This 
is a very prominent feature ; Biography 
of eminent College Educators, with 
Photo-Engravings. "Oratorical Asso- 
ciation" and Oratorical Contests." 
Articles by officers of the Inter-State and 
Southern Oratorical Associations ; Col- 
lege Athletics, an interesting and full 
treatment ; Prize Stories, by undergrad- 
uate men and women ; Numerous Sym- 
posia, on questions of College work, by 
undergraduates ; Y. M. C. A. Notes 
from the College Associations. Methods 
of Y. M. C A. w r ork discussed ; College 
Humor — Poems, sketches, etc. ; Impar- 
tial review of College Publications. 

The startling fact is shown by reports 
of the Massachusetts Commissioners of 
Prisons that during the last fifty years, 
while the population of the State has only 
trebled, the number of criminals has in- 
creased fifty fold. There is one prisoner 
to every 400 inhabitants in the State, and 
in Boston one to every 222 inhabitants. 
This large proportion, however, includes 
re-commitments. These facts are inter- 
preted by Mr. William P. Andrews, for 
many years Clerk of the Criminal Court 
at Salem, Mass., as evidence that the 
"reformatory" conduct of prisons has 
caused an alarming increase of crime, and 
that the substitution of reformatory for 
punitive treatment is fast bringing us to 
State socialism through the attractiveness 
of prison-life. Mr. Andrews will con- 
tribute an article to the October Forum, 



56 



THE COLLEGE FOBUM. 



containing the results of many years' ob- 
servation of the working of the two 
systems. 

The poet Swinburne has written an 
article giving his estimate of a number of 
minor English poets. 

"An English Tribute to Lowell," by 
Archdeacon Farrar, is announced for the 
October number of the Forum. 

The October Forum will contain an 
article on the prevalence of gambling in 
the United states, in which an effort is 
made to calculate the enormous propor- 
tions of the "business." The writer will 
present much evidence to show that we 
are a nation of gamblers. 

Henry Labouchere has written for 
the October Forum an article on "The 
English Royal Family ; its Uses and its 
Cost." 

The grave problems in education, the 
problems that remain grave, however 
great our educational advancement, be- 
cause they are fundamental, are : (1) 
What a Preparatory School for Boys 
should teach ; for example — how far 
moral instruction should be a matter of 
director routine work, and how far a mat- 
ter of general influence only ; how far 
work should be done for mental drill and 
how far for the acquisition of facts. (2) 
The corresponding problem of the proper 
education of girls : whether the schools 
for their higher education, and the col- 
leges that admit both sexes and the "an- 
nexes" to universities have been success- 
ful. Here, too, comes in the old conten- 
tion that women are not physically equip- 
ped for severe training. (3) Are our 
universities properly related to present 
American life and conditions, or are they 
to too great a degree survivals from ob- 
solete conditions? As a part of this 
same problem the work of the schools of 
technology and of industral schools comes 
up for consideration : Do they do the 
work «f a real education ? These funda- 
mental problems are all discussed in the 
September number of The Forum: "The 
Ideal American School for Boys," by the 
Rev. Dr. Coit, the venerable headmaster 
of the famous St. Paul's School for Boys, 
at Concord, N. H.; "The Value of Tech- 
nological Education," by Prof. H. W. 
Tyler, of the Massachusetts Institute of 
Tecl-nology ; and "The Opportunity of 
Making a New University Unhampered 
by Traditions," by President Jordan of 
the New Leland Stanford, Jr., Univer- 
sity, California. Mrs. Alice Freeman 
Palmer, formerly President of Wellesley 
College, herself a graduate of the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, reviews the experi- 
ments that have been made in "co-educa- 
tional " institutions, in the higher col- 
leges for women, and in the Women's 
Annexes to Universities ; and Miss Por- 
ter, Principal of famous "The Elms" 
School for Girls, at Springfield, Mass., 
writes of the " Physical Hindrances to 
Teaching Rich Girls." This group of 
Forum articles is the result of an inquiry 
made some time ago by the editor of The 
Forum of a large number of our leading 
teachers as to what the real problems of 
education are, and as to who could best 
throw light on them. 

We are accustomed to associate the 
name of Rudyard Kipling with stories of 
Indian military life, but in his nautical 
story, "The Disturber of Traffic," which 
appears in the September Atlantic, he has 
struck an entirely new vein. Mr. Kipling 
has never done anything of the same kind 
before, and has never been more vivid and 
astounding than in the present story. 
Another short story, "An Innocent Life," 
is contributed by Lillie B. Chace Wyman. 
Mr. Stockton's "House of Martha" is 
continued by a long installment, and 



Mary Hartwell Catherwood gives us four 
clever chapters of "The Lady of Fort 
St. John." 

The rest of the number is made up of a 
collection of remarkably good articles. 
Octave Thanet has a second paper on 
"Town Life in Arkansas." John Bur- 
roughs has left his fields for "A Study 
of Analogy ;" Mr. Bradford Torrey, 
however, still remains faithful to his 
rustic haunts in a sketch of "Dyer's 
Hollow." John Fiske has a paper on 
" Europe and Cathay," which discusses 
the reasons why early Norse discoverers 
of America were not its real discoverers. 
A paper on "The Author Himself," by 
Woodrow Wilson ; a charming descrip- 
tion of the Japanese Feast of Lanterns 
and the Market of the Dead, by Lafcadio 
Hearn, and a review of Mrs. Oliphant's 
Life of Laurence Oliphant (in itself prac 
tically a biographical sketch of that ex- 
traordinary man), under the apt title of 
' ' A Modern Mystic, " are among the other 
interesting papers.— Houghton, Mifflin 
& Co., Boston. 

The most timely and interesting fea- 
ture of the September number of the 
New England Magazine is a finely-il- 



lustrated article on the late Edward 
gess and his Boats. The writer is 
McVey, the yachting editor of the Boj 
Herald. Mrs. Kate Gannett Wells oi 
the number with a sketch of Campou 
and its old Brass Cannon. E. P. Po\| 
who is associated with W. O. McDo 
the leading spirit in the moveme 
draw the republics of the world 
closer bonds, writes with fine e 
siasm on "A Pan-Republic Congr 
Charles Howard Shinn, the well-k 
California writer, contributes a pape 
"The University of California." 
well illustrated, and very interesfOL 
Dr. Prosper Bender, in an article 
"The French Canadian Peasantry " g; 
us an insight into the conduct of elect! 
in French Canada. Caroline Christ) 
Stecker writes on "Philip, PontiacJ 
Tecumseh," the prophets and warri clay 
of the Indian race. A gossip on boi 
and novelists by Walter Blackburn Hai BBNJ 
under the attractive title of "In a Coi E Lbh 
at Dodsley's," is interesting. Arthurf' 
Salmon, an English writer, contribi,' 
a fine poem, "A Buried City." 
Editor's Table and Omnibus are b 
and pertinent. 



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arcl 

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Lebanon Valley College 



■rest 
tide 



OL. IV. No. a 



ANNVILLE, PA., OCTOBER, 1891. 



Whole No. 44. 



EDITORS. 



r'g: 

?lecti( 
'hrist 

iac, j EDITOR IN CHIEF, 

warri clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin. 
11 ^ FACULTY. 
11 * Benj. Biekman, A. M., President. 
L Uoi, 



jfv. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 
i brij Professor of Greek and Natural Science. 
bs Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice. 
^—=88 Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony, 
iss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

R' S OCIETY K...TO KS. 

■* 'Ionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 

nop 

""lilokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 



;r to 
TIM 



'i 



lozetean Society— Elmer L. Haas. 



\ 



ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 

HUBER. 

Roof. 
Heilman. 



•s 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
lay Deaner. 



.T*T.ll communications or items of news 
YTTULaid be sent to the Editor in Chief. Sub- 
vmy ?tions should be sent to the Publish- 
VY Agent. 

JHE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
nthly for one school year on receipt of 
r jnty-tive cents. Subscriptions received at 
time. 

rtEr^or terms of advertising, address the 
™*TOlishing Agent. 

r te ' ( 

ha\ ' 

)d> t;ered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa., 
itioui! as second-class mail matter. 
.ER8 



EDITORIAL. 



k>ME excuse their ignorance by 
fading that their tastes lie in 
\ er direction. 



H'fOTAL eclipse of the moon on 
j! mber 15th will be visible to all 
are favored with an unclouded 



Mi 



j|e enjoyed a very pleasant visit 
Col. Robt. Cowden, on the 6th 
He addressed the students in 
hapel on Bible Normal Union 



he editor of the Mathematical 
I'flier in our September issue told 
fabout his beautiful room, which 
true to the letter, but at this 



writing he wishes he had not rejoi- 
ced so soon, or so loud, as the Latin 
room far excels. 



No one can tell how much he can 
accomplish until he tries. The 
reason so many do not accomplish 
anything is because they never try. 
" Learning is an ornament in pros- 
perity, a refuge in adversity, and a 
provision in old age." 



Our church is now undergoing re- 
pairs. The auditorium will be re- 
seated, papered, painted and carpeted. 
A recess will be made, and the old 
windows replaced with memorial 
ones. The main Sunday-school room 
will be enlarged by taking the parti- 
tion out. between the two rooms. 
Windows will be lowered, ceiling be 
raised, and seated with chairs. A 
chapel will be built in the rear of the 
Sunday-school room for the infant 
school, which will be seated with 
kindergarden chairs. 

Alcoves have been placed in the 
library to make room for the books 
now in the library and for those 
which will be purchased and donated 
during the year. Our library has 
grown very rapidly the past few 
years, and contains a collection of 
books not excelled by any library in 
the church. We invite our friends 
to come to see our library and make 
the acquaintance of the many friends 
whose association will make you 
better. It will afford the librarian 
great pleasure to enroll your name 
as one of the donators. 



A very interesting service was 
held in the college prayer room 
Thursday evening, October 8th, in 
observance of the day of prayer for 
young women as appointed by the 
Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion. A special programme was 



rendered, in which most of the young 
ladies participated. The leader, 
Miss Stehman, spoke very earnestly 
on the meaning and importance of 
the day. Other speakers followed. 
A spirit of earnestness and devotion 
pervaded the entire meeting. The 
special music added interest. Every 
one present felt that it was the best 
Young Women's Christian Associa- 
tion meeting held in several years. 
The Association is looking forward 
to a prosperous year. 

A joint anniversary of the Sun- 
day-school and Bible Normal Union 
was held at the East Pennsylyania 
Conference at Reading, on Friday 
evening, the 9th inst. Prof. Deaner 
presided. Dr. Miller, of Dayton, 
Ohio, opened with prayer. Ad- 
dresses were made by Rev. C. J. 
Kephart, on the Magnitude and Sig- 
nificance of the Sunday-school ; by 
Col. Robert Cowden, on the Duty of 
all Teachers to at once enter the 
Bible Normal, and by Rev. C. W. 
Hutzler, on the Financial Support 
of the General Sabbath-school Board. 
The music was led by Bro. Dasher, 
of Reading. The exercises were of 
a very interesting character and 
created a new interest in Bible 
study. It is hoped that large classes 
will be organized on the different 
charges. Who will send in the first 
report ? 

A Chance for a Nice Present. 

Since our last issue our subscrip- 
tion list has grown nearly one hun- 
dred. We are very anxious to get 
The College Forum into every home 
in the patronizing conferences. This 
can be done if all will work together. 
To further induce our friends to aid 
us we decided to make the following 
propositions : 

1. Any minister sending four sub- 
scribers and $1.00 we will send them 
a copy free, or if they are now a 
subscriber, we will give them credit 
for a year's subscription. 



58 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



2. For a club of five subscribers 
and $1.25, we will send as a premium 
the Greatest Thing in the World. 

3. For ten subscribers and $2.50, 
we will send you Natural Law in the 
Spiritual World. 

4. For thirty subscribers and $7-50, 
we will send you Manners, Culture 
and Dress. Price $2.50. 

5. For fifty subscribers and $12.50, 
we will send you the Unknown Coun- 
try. Price $3.15. 

6. For one hundred and twenty- 
five subscribers and $31.25, we will 
send you Webster's International 
Dictionary. Price $15.00. 

7. For one hundred and seventy- 
five subscribers and $43.72, we will 
send you the Merritt Type Writer. 
Price $15.00. 



Bishop Kephart. 

On Monday afternoon, October 5, 
the Bishop paid the college a visit. 
He was brought to town in a private 
conveyance from Lebanon, and as_ 
soon as his arrival became known 
among the students, an impromptu 
meeting of reception was arranged 
for. Under the escort of President 
Bierman, Presiding Elder Mumma 
and others, he was taken through the 
College buildings and over the 
campus to witness the numerous im- 
provements made during the past va- 
cation. At half-past 3 o'clock he 
met, by invitation, the students and 
many friends of the college in the 
chapel, and after a pleasant introduc- 
tion by the President, delivered a 
highly appropriate and instructive 
address of about thirty minutes. 
The gist of the address was how the 
student should employ and improve 
his time while at college ; to think 
as well as to read ; to acquaint your- 
self with the history of the past, 
especially with the history of the 
Jews. By pursuing the right course 
you can make college life the pleas- 
antest part of your whole history. 
Look on the bright side ; avoid the 
cane, the key and the pony ; be in- 
dependent and think for yourself, 
and you will grow and become 
manly , womanly. He expressed him- 
self highly gratified with the evi- 
dences of prosperity in and about the 
college, and won the favor of all 
present. After the close of this in- 
teresting address he stepped forward 
to meet personally and shake hands 
with each of the students present. 

In some respects it was a red-letter 
day to us. Many of the students 
had never heard the Bishop speak, 
others had never seen a Bishop, and 
others again, and indeed the major- 
ity of us, were delighted to hear him 
once more ; to enjoy the advantage 
of his wise counsel, and to be im- 
pelled to go forward by his earnest 
words of encouragement. 



The President's Office. 

It affords us pleasure to state that 
Lebanon Valley College has now 
what it never has had but what it 
ought to have had for the President's 
convenience and its own credit ever 
since its establishment, and that is 
a well equipped and properly located 
office room in the main building. 

As soon as plans were laid for the 
repairing and the improvement of 
the college buildings last summer 
the suggestion to provide for an of- 
fice of this kind was at once adopted. 
Two rooms on the east side of the 
first floor were turned into one, the 
door at the south end closed, the new 
room repapered and painted, the floor 
nicely carpeted, and everything put 
in first-class condition, supplying it 
at the same time with appropriate 
furniture. The President takes con- 
siderable pride in showing this fine 
addition to the college to his friends, 
and we are not surprised. 



dained elders : 
Wagner, A. M. 
Clair. 



J. H. Kurtz, J. 
Hackman and H. 



Our College Agent. 

For some time the college has 
been without an active and devoted 
agent, but the Executive Committee 
is to be congratulated now that it 
has had the good fortune to secure 
the services of one who gives every 
promise of efficiency and success. 
The Rev. M. J. Heberly, of Mount 
Carmel, Penna., has been engaged 
to fill this important position. Mr 
Heberly is a member of the East 
German Conference, is about forty 
years of age, preaches in the German 
and English languages and has many 
of the elements necessary to make 
a successful agent, and we bespeak 
for him the united support and pray- 
ers of the friends of the college 
in the prosecution of the work he is 
about to undertake. 



Our Boys in Conference. 

It was a source of great gratifica- 
tion to the friends of the college to 
notice at Reading, on Sabbath 
morning, October llth, that every 
member of the class ordained as 
Elders by Bishop Kephart was 
either an alumnus of the College or 
a student of the same at some time 
in its history. Of the three young 
men admitted on trial two were 
among the students — Messrs. Eshel- 
man and Shaeffer. The presiding eld- 
er, Rev. H. B. Dohner, is another al- 
umnus. The three pastors in charge 
of our congregations at Harrisburg 
are former students, two of them 
among the graduates. Mountville, 
New Holland, Marietta, Oberlin, 
Mont Clare, Springfield, Ruhl's, 
Union, Pequea Valley, Halifax and 
Annville are supplied with earnest 
workers and former students of the 
College. The following were or- 



The East German Conference? 1 5: 

1 On 

During its recent session the Eif L< 
German Conference held an enthiffuior 
astic educational meeting. The Bfcjdere 
J. P. Smith, of Williamstown, 1 jj e ^ 
presented a strong report on the ») Ur <r 
ject of education, urging meml>j CL 4 ;1 
and friends of the cause to rall«^ nua 
the support of our institutionstoHeg 
learning, viz.: Lebanon Valley (L a rm 
lege and Union Biblical Seminifeev. 1 
President Bierman presented hi.spresic 
nual report of the condition of M U mr 
college, and supplemented it witfj Thi; 
interesting and stirring address. ran k 
Rev. J. H. Von Neida, of Read he C 
very forcibly spoke on the neecj imits, 
the college and of the imports he S< 
and duty of giving it proper supjj ts rep 
The presiding Bishop, Dr. Kepi he sa 
then took the floor and delivers atron 
most excellent address in the in 
est of education in our churcl 
general and of the college in ] 
ticular. The entire exercises i ™ e 
attended with an unusual degre ounc( 
enthusiasm. tinnot 

This Conference has given } urse 
college its unqualified support sin 
its organization, and though operr ,J 
ing mainly among our Germ esi ^ 
brethren, who are proverbially c< lautjl 
servative, has usually contributed j a | in< 
quota of students and financial sw y 
port. Thirty-one fields of labor col 1 1 11 
its territory and these appointmei ear 
are well sustained and supplied WT eai * 
a self-sacrificing and successful cf.^P 
istry. Hj- 

Two of its aged members — Ref ' 1 
Henry Shropp and Jacob Doerkf 
— were numbered among the Q ' e m 
during the past year. These 1 P ne 
ceased brethren were friends of ' ^° . 

|1 r- 

cation and supporters of the col^j 
and the loss of the Conferen< 
their death is the loss of the col, 
Peace to their ashes ! L 
The Rev. Charles A. MutoM 
Williamstown, and Mr. Isa^V lu 
Haak, of Myerstown, were ef 
trustees of the college to sen 
three years. 




mi 



East Penn'a Annual Confer 



fl'on 



111!'' 



This body of ministers ana 
men, whose fields of labor co 
large territory of the eastern p 
our State, just closed its a 
meeting at Reading, Pa., a few 
ago. 

We are gratified to learn th 
reports from the various circuit 
stations were very satisfa* 
Strong papers on the subject o 
sions, temperance, Sabbath ob 
ance, Sunday-schools and educ 
were considered and adopted, 
large vote the Conference dec 



6(„ 

<toi 

fc 

|y 

>i 

In 
JLel 
ftter 

eh 
!>ols 
>nda 
lect( 



rr ho constitute the entire Conference 
' >ne Presiding-elder district, and the 
[lev. H. B. Dohner of Lancaster was 
>lected to fill the position. 
On Friday afternoon the interests 
i Ej ( f Lebanon Valley College and 
tht jnion Biblical Seminary were con- 
5 B iidered. 

>> 1 Rev. Samuel D. Faust of Harris- 
Le %irg presented a paper on the sub- 
nib ect, and President Bierman read his 
lu Jinnual report of the condition of the 
3n * >ollege. This was followed by a 
Y Uarm discussion of the subject by 
dnspev. D. R. Miller, Rev. S. D. Faust, 
Ids president Bierman, Rev. M. J. 
of klumraa and Bishop Kephart. 
r itl This Conference is in the front 
s. ank in support of education, has 
:adi he College within its territorial 
sed units, sends its quota of students to 
»rta he Seminary, and now that it has 
ipr. ts representative in the Faculty of 
3pl he same, it ought to redouble its 
ere atronage at least. 
3 in , . .» . 

11x1 Lecture Course. 

s 7 We regret to say that a full an- 
p. re ouncement of our Lecture Course 
mnot be made at this writing. The 
en Wse will be opened on the evening 
, t s j| the 26th inst., by Eli Perkins 
p e Jelville D. Landonj. He is Yice 
j erD |esident of the Corpus Christi 
j C( iautauqua Assembly. His lecture 
lte( j jalraost indescribable, as it is full 
ial s]P unoso P a y> eloquent oratory and 
ir CQ ^rtling thoughts. Anyone coming 
[tme jhear his lecture and will not take 
ef j ^Jearty laugh, he proposes to refund 
u j z k money. The chapel promises to 
"full. On the evening of Novem- 
— Rd* tne Imperial Quartette, of 
)er fcfton, will appear. They intro- 
ie f ^jpe mandolins, banjos, guitars, zyl- 
^se I 10nes » songs, trick violin and trick 
"of i 1 '-! Pl avm g> pl a yi n g the most 
" rming music with the most ex- 
site effect. This is the best 
rtette of the kind in the United 
es. Each is a soloist of ability, 
three others of the course will 
jjjpnounced in our next issue. 



li of a Popular Young Attorney. 

Jorge J. C. Durr, Esq., a highly- 
"cted citizen and able lawyer, 
on the morning of October 9th, 
e residence of his father-in-law, 
ry Davis, on Cameron Heights, 
ton, of consumption. Mr. Durr 
native of York, where he re- 
1 for a number of years. When 
y he was compelled to leave 
1 and earn a livelihood. He 
ed the carpenter trade, and 
he was 22 years old he entered 
iLebanon Yalley College, which 
[ttended two years. In 1885 he 
elected a teacher in the public 
ols of Steelton, and taught a 
ndary grade. In 1886 he was 
ected to the same school, and 




was a very successful teacher. Dur- 
ing the winter of 1886 he began to 
read law under Col. Levi Maish, of 
York, and later on he entered the of- 
fice of McCarrell & Fleming, ofHar- 
risburg. He was admitted to the 
York county bar in 1888, and ad- 
mitted to practice in the courts of 
Dauphin county in January, 1889. 
After being admitted to practice in 
the courts of Dauphin county the 
law firm of Wickershain & Durr was 
formed. The firm dissolved by mu- 
tual consent about eighteen months 
ago. Last spring he was elected 
Borough Solicitor of Steelton, but his 
health failing him he was compelled 
to resign the office. Several weeks 
ago he visited Colorado, where he 
thought he would be able to recup 
erate his health. He returned three 
weeks ago in much worse condition 
than when he left. He was a mem- 
ber of Trinity P. E. church, Steelton 
Lodge No. 184, I. 0. 0. F., Steelton 
Encampment No. 278, I. 0. 0. F., 
Crusade Castle, 0. K. M. C, and 
Susquehanna Tribe of Red Men. He 
leaves a wife and one child. He was 
a very popular and enthusiastic 
worker in the literary institute, of 
which he was a member. He leaves 
a large circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances to mourn his loss. His 
funeral took place on Sunday, the 
1 1th, at 2 p. m., from the residence of 
his father-in-law, corner of Third and 
Eleanor streets. Services were held 
at the Trinity P. E. church. The 
remains were interred in the Bald- 
win cemetery. — The Gall. 



Educational. 



The new library which Henry W. 
Sage gave to Cornell University is 
finished. The edifice has a capacity 
for the accommodation of 470,000 
volumes. 

Prof. Roehrig, of Palo Alto Uni- 
versity, can speak thirty languages. 

Brown University will receive 
$70,000 from the estate of the late 
J. W. Smith, of Providence. 

The Congregationalists are about 
to establish a College at Olympia, 
Washington. 

Avalon College has had an excel- 
lent opening. Bishop Weaver laid 
the corner-stone of the new College 
building on the 29th ult.,and all the 
plans are prepared for pushing it to 
a speedy completion. 

The legislature of Maine has 
enacted a law which requires the 
public school teachers to devote 
some time each week teaching kind- 
ness to animals. 

Winter X. Crider, son of H. M. 
Crider, York, Pa., has been elected 
president of Carroll Normal College, 
Carroll, Iowa. 

The largest Universit}' in the world 
is said to be the great Moslem Uni- 



versity at Cairo, founded 975 A. D., 
with its 10,000 pupils and 370 pro- 
fessors. 

The Lutheran denomination has 
decided to establish a school of the- 
ology in Chicago. 



Alumni. 

S. P. Light, '80, a prominent mem- 
ber of the Lebanon county bar, has 
been honored by an appointment to 
attend the Democratic National Con- 
vention as delegate from his district. 

William M. Hain, '88, one of Har- 
risburg's most promising young at- 
torneys, has been admitted to prac- 
tice at the bar of Berks county. 

J. W. Owen, '91, is now working 
in the employ of the McKaske-y 
Electrical Clock Co., of Waynesbor- 
ough, Pa. While on his way to 
New York a few days since Mr. 
Owen paid his friends at the College 
a pleasant call. 

Rev. Jos. K. Wagner, '88, and 
Miss Lillie Moll were united in 
marriage September 24, at Hiawatha, 
Kans. 

Prof. J. L. Keedy, '89, made a 
short visit to L. Y. C, this fall, while 
on his way to Yale, where he will 
continue his work in the Divinity 
school. 

Rev. S. D. Faust, '89, of the 
Memorial Church, Harrisburg, has 
been advised by his physician to 
quit preaching on account of throat 
trouble. 

E. Thomas Schlosser, '89, is 
stumping the State of Maryland in 
the interest of the Prohibition party. 

Reno S. Hark, '89, is enjoying a 
month's vacation from Washington, 
D. C, rusticating among the sublime 
shades of South Mountain, Md. 
While home, he will render valuable 
services to the Republican party, as 
he has been solicited to aid in stump- 
ing the State. 

George F. Bierman, A. M., Ph. 
D., of '78, was recently elected Prin- 
cipal of the Bernville, Pa., High 
School, and he has accepted the posi- 
tion. At the late session of the Berks 
County Teachers' Institute he was 
also elected chairman of a committee 
of three to visit Harrisburg during 
the sitting of the next State legisla- 
ture in the interest of securing the 
passing of a law fixing a minimum 
sum as monthly salary for public 
school teachers. 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 

" Intellectual laziness is the pro- 
lific source of ignorance." 

Water refracts light. That may 
be the reason why a trout seems 
seven feet long when seen in the 
water, and measures only about 
seven and a half inches when you get 
him in the boat. 

" What's in a name?" We can't 



60 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



just always tell, but the fond name, 
Sam, seems especially plethoretic to 
one of our juniors. 

We would here call the attention 
of our friends to the rich treat that 
Eli Perkins promises us in College 
Chapel, the evening of October 26th. 
You should hear this renowned hu- 
morist. He promises to speak until 
directed otherwise. 

Miss Mollie E. Church, a colored 
graduate of Oberlin, and now a 
teacher in the public schools at 
Washington, has been tendered the 
position of registrar of her alma 
mater. It is said that if she accepts, 
she will be the first colored graduate 
of any leading college to become a 
member of its faculty. 

The President's unexpected in- 
quiry at 11:30 p. m. — " What does 
all this singing mean at this time of 
night?" Student— "Oh, it's Rev. 
Artz trying to secure for himself the 
celebrated title of Night-in-gale." 

It is safe to assume that the man 
who is always eager to tell you a bit 
of scandal about somebody else, is 
always just as eager to tell somebody 
else a scandal about you. 

The ladies have recently earned 
our renewed congratulations for the 
delightful manner in which they en- 
tertained us in their parlors, Satur- 
day evening, the 19th ult. 

The appointed time for our recep- 
tion brought with it many cheerful 
faces, among them some strange 
ones eager to make an early conquest 
of that timidity that generally char- 
acterizes the new student. This we 
believe was satisfactorily accom- 
plished ; for as the various games 
progressed the one social spirit 
seemed to animate the very " wall 
flowers," and cold formality was 
jostled and jolted at the cry of 
" Boston." 

At a seasonable hour, with pleas- 
ing remembrances, we bade the 
sisters farewell, feeling that all had 
been benefited as well as entertained. 

What of the Winter ? We quote 
the predictions of the Rev. Irl Hicks, 
the phenomenally successful prophet 
of meteoroligical phenomena. " We 
expect that very warm weather will 
run into September, with phenome- 
nal extremes of heat and cold during 
the opening of October, but that the 
winter will settle down to business 
at a very early date, and that its 
increased severity will call for timely 
and ample provisions against it." 

A young man on down grade 
knows more than his mother; 
spurns advice from his father; is 
boisterous on the street; has ques- 
tionable companions ; steps unsteady 
at times ; returns home late at night ; 
is becoming unreliable in business ; is 
involved in difficulties ; has now lost 
reputation ; has yet a few friends, 
but they are sorrowful. — Era. 



Mount Gretna seems destined to 
become a modern Moriah. In ac- 
ceptance of the very generous terms 
proposed by the park authorities to 
the Stoverdale Campmeeting Asso- 
ciation, that organization has de- 
cided to remove to this picturesque 
resort. 

A lease of commodious grounds 
for twenty years has been taken, and 
eight acres are being put into con- 
dition. 

Cottages are being erected, and 
all things made ready for a grand 
opening session, August 2d to 11th, 
1892. 

As is well known, these grounds 
are centrally located, and with their 
excellent convenience, will attract 
immense crowds. The Association 
is to be congratulated upon its fair 
fortune and wise selection. 

We are also pleased to note that 
there is in contemplation a project 
for the establishment upon this same 
mountain of an incorporated summer 
school, to be known as the Mount 
Gretna Chautauqua of Pennsylvania. 

The project is receiving the earnest 
attention of an inter-denominational 
body of the most prominent clergy of 
Pennsylvania. It is thought that 
the school will be opened during the 
coming summer, and that it will be 
conducted on the same general prin- 
ciple of the famous Chautauqua As- 
sembly of New York. The course as 
recommended will consist of lectures 
on philosophy, literature and science 
and questions of public interest. 

A Building and Loan Association 
has been organzied in Annville, with 
Prof. Deaner as President and A. C. 
Rigler, "10, as Treasurer. 

A Chicago college teaches beer 
making. 

The teachers of South Annville, 
held their second Local Institute on 
the 13th inst, at Mount Pleasant 
school house. 

The officers of the district organ- 
ization of the Bible Normal Union 
of the East Pennsylvania Confer- 
ence elected for the present year are 
as follows :— Prof. H. Clay "Deaner, 
President ; Rev. E. L. Hughs, Vice- 
President ; Rev. E. A. Bossier, Sec- 
retary ; Rev. A. R. Myers, Treasurer. 

The first musical recital for the 
term was held on Friday afternoon, 
the 10th inst. All acquitted them- 
selves well. 

The classes in Astronomy have 
begun the work of examining the 
sun with most satisfactory results. 
Thirteen spots were visible, three of 
which were very large. 

There is only one man now living in 
Edinburg who knew Sir Walter Scott. 
This is James Stillie, a bookseller. 
" Some men," said he, " are proud, 
but Scott was not like them. He 
had a kind word for everybody. He 
did not know what pride was. He 



spoke to me as if I was his equal 
and he was a true man. He was a 
great man — a very great mat 
there'll never be his like again." 

Gen. Whichcots, the last surviving 
officer of the battle of Waterloo, 
died recently. 

The Empress Frederick is expect 
ed to spend the late autumn wij 
Queen Victoria in Scotland. 

Theodore R. Davis, once the fa. 
mous war artist of Harper's Weekly 
now lives in a little cottage at 
bury Park, N. J., and gives his tim< 
up almost entirety to designing 

Bret Harte's English publisher 
last year paid him $15,000. 

Six hundred babies have 
named Chauncey Depew. 

Jerry Simpson receives $50 eacl 
for his lectures to the farmers. 



E 
friei 
De 
sp( 

enc 
Mr. 
and 
Pa. 
to t 
this 
M 
st. 
Mi 
ofM 
R. 
from 
beei Colk 
Re 
Shan 
Genr 



11 CO 

shoi 



Edward Bellamy is a descendantSpay 
of six generations of clergymen. Re 

Blaine and Proctor are the onljing, 
members of the cabinet who do notlast o 
smoke. : — 

Blackburn, Knott and Bucknerj^A.T 
three eminent Kentuckians, smoke 
the corn-cob pipe. 

Gen. Lew Wallace is at work on 
new story, but as he is an extreme] 
careful and pains-taking author, it 
not likely to be published for son 
time. 

Sir Edwin Arnold is under co 
tract to lecture fifty times in th 
country, beginning November 1 
New York. 



PERSONALS. 



The 
ig so 
lis ni 

JDSt tl 

sts 01 
ive n 
up, g 
ieexa 
my 




Rev. Ed. E. Keedy, '89, and Pr| 
Cyrus F. Flook, at the Ministerif 
Institute of the Maryland ConfO 
ence, discussed the question," Is |B| 
World Getting Better ? " M 

Prof Cyrus Frank Flook has 
nominated as a representative to 
Legislature on the Republican tic 
in Frederick Co., Md. As the n 
nation was tendered without an 
licitation, and being an energ 
and popular young man, he m 
prove a strong candidate. He wl 
progressive student, and we be [{^^ 
him eminently qualified to repr 
his constituents. 

Rev. A. H. Rice, of Baltimore 
ited his daughter, Miss Lillie, ori 
22d ult. He conducted chapel, 
vices that morning, and spoke a 
words of cheer to the students. 

J. L. Keedy, >89, of Rohrersv 
Md., while on his way to Yale 
vinity school, gave his friend 
short call. 

Mr. Henry Saltzer, of Sacrame^i 
Pa., paid his daughters a plea 
visit during the latter part of 
month. 

Rev. H. M. Miller was in 
midst on the 25th ult. 

Rev. J. H. V r on Neida conduc 
chapel services on the 30th ult. 



th 




ual 

is i 
an 



■loo 

)ect 
witl 

3 ft. 
>kh 

As 
tirai 

ihei'i 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



61 



E- Burtner, '90, called to see his 
friends at school before leaving for 
Delaware, 0., where he will take a 
special business course. 

While the East German Confer- 
ence was in session at Myerstown, 
Mr. Fahringer, of Centralia, Pa., 
and Mr. Henry George, of Montana, 
Pa,, took advantage of their nearness 
to the College by making a visit to 
this place. 

Miss Carrie G. Eby spent the 4th 
inst. at her home in Newport. 

Miss Emma Dittmar was the guest 
of Miss Moyer on September 20th 

R. S. Horn and Geo. R. Bernhard, 
from Allentown, Pa., visited the 
beeijCollege on the 5th inst. 

Rev. S. L. Resler and wife, of 
eactSkamokin, in his return from the 
German Conference, visited Pastor 
dantSpayd and the College. 

Rev. J. H. Von Neida, of Read 
onljjng, conducted chapel services on 
o notlast of September. 



^MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 

moke 



: on 
>in el 
,it 

som 



Jl communications for this department 
should be addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley- 
College, Annville, Pa. 



The editor in chief insists on hav- 
ig something for the " Corner " in 
co his number of the Forum. I have 
th: ist the connection somewhat in the 
1 . its of problems and solutions, and 
me not possibly the time to hunt 
up, so I simply give one or two of 
ie examination papers used in some 
' my classes. They are of course 
Pnj/tf given becailse tn ey are difficult 
jterifr are ex P ectecl to " catch " any 
°, for that is not the true idea in 
examination. 

|t here follow the " papers;" we 
ft our friends will find interest in 



ARITHMETIC. 

Find the largest number that 
gvide 748 and 927, and give the 
Jnder 13 and 17 respectively. 
The product of two numbers 
Allied by .5 is .0005 ; one of the 
levy's is -05, what is the other ? 
^ fifteen men and eight boys 
fpjj.eekly $342. A boy earns half 
■jfcli as a man. What are their 
■wvages ? 

f^ind cost of carpeting a room 
6 inches long, 12 feet 6 inches 
the carpet f yard wide, at 75 
er yard, stripes running length- 
llowing 3 yards for matching, 
and B are in trade. B owns 
he capital. If he had $492§ 
the share would be equal, 
is the share of each ? 
old my horse at 40 % profit, 
the proceeds bought another, 
im for $238, losing 20%. What 
ch horse cost me ? 
If R. R. stock is yielding 6 % 
s 20 % below par, how much 



111 



must be invested to bring an income 
of $390 ? 

8. What per cent, above cost must 
a dealer mark his goods, so that he 
may take off 10% from the marked 
price and still make 20% on the 
cost ? 

9. A ladder 52 feet long is set up 
square against a building, and is 
drawn out 20 feet from the base ; how 
much is the top lowered ? 

10. Bought a field 40 rods by 60 
rods at $200 per acre, and fenced it 
at $1.50 per rod. Prove that the 
land cost ten times as much as the 
fence. 

Y. M. C. A. Work. 

The Y. M. C. A. of the College has 
opened with prospects of a year of 
activity and usefulness. All Chris- 
tian students seem determined to 
make this year the best (intellectu- 
ally and religiously) that they have 
spent at college. 

Several Bible Classes have been 
formed, two or three on social Bible 
study, and the other a training class. 
We hope to make this work very 
profitable. 

We, as students, feel the great 
need and importance of Bible study. 
This study, we are sorry to say, is 
greatly neglected in most colleges of 
our land , and as a result the students 
are deficient in the intellectual grasp 
of the Bible. 

Most students are deficient in 
Biblical knowledge when they enter 
college, and the" defect should be 
remedied by making Bible study a 
part of the curriculum under the di 
rection of a competent and efficient 
instructor, as some colleges do. If 
the college does not aid the student, 
as it should, in obtaining a knowl- 
edge of the Bible, some other means 
should be devised to meet the de- 
ficiency. This the Y. M. C. A. is 
trying to do. Its mission is a spir- 
itual one ; 'its object is to win souls 
for Christ and to develop the Chris- 
tian character and manhood of its 
members by giving a proper oppor- 
tunity for Bible study, as well as a 
religious stimulus in devotional 
meetings of various kinds. 

The Social Bible study classes de- 
sire to study the Bible to know or to 
obtain an intellectual grasp of the 
Scriptures. This is a good and a 
high motive. The present age de- 
mands a more intellectual, as well as 
a more practical, study of the 
Scriptures as a means all-essential in 
the upbuilding and the maintenance 
of our own moral and spiritual char- 
acters. 

The object ol the Workers' Train- 
ing Class is to lead the student on to 
a more systematic and thorough 
study of the word of God, thus by 
special Bible study to become better 
acquainted with Scriptures, and by 



actual participation in personal work, 
he shall acquire greater confidence 
and skill in handling the " Sword of 
the Spirit " when endeavoring to win 
and lead one by one to commit their 
lives to Jesus Christ as their Lord 
and Savior. 

It gives the student information 
on the make-up and general plan of 
the Bible, and lays chief emphasis on 
the methods designed to prepare di- 
rectly and indirectly for personal 
work. To do personal work effect- 
ively, we must acquire a knowledge 
of important verses and know how to 
apply them rightly. Our success, as 
personal workers, will depend largely 
on the mastery we acquire of the 
Bible, and our ability to quote and 
locate the strongest verses in the 
word applicable to the case in hand. 

H. U. Roop. 

LITERARY SOCIETIES. 
Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 



Miss Lillie Rice had the pleasure 
of a visit from her father. The ob- 
ject of the visit was the celebration 
of Miss Lillie's birthday, Sept. 21st. 

Misses Jacoby and Reider joined 
our number, October 2nd. The 
society has at present a membership 
of 28. 

Miss Erb very pleasantly enter- 
tained her mother and sister a few 
days. 

On Friday evening, September 
25th, during the business session, we 
were very pleasantly surprised by 
the appearance of Miss Strickler 
among us. Doubts were entertained 
as to her return, as four weeks of 
school work had elapsed before re- 
turning to assume her collegiate 
course. The appreciation of her 
presence was manifested by the Cli- 
onians welcoming her with a hearty 
applause. 

Miss Lillian Quigley, of class '91, 
and Miss Bessie Landis visited the 
Society. In addressing the Clionians 
Miss Quigley stated that she consid- 
erably missed the advantages and 
opportunities for mental improve- 
ment formerly afforded her by the 
society, and, although it is impossi- 
ble to be present during all the 
meetings, she hopes to attend a num- 
ber of them during the year. She 
further stated that every Friday 
evening recalls pleasant recollections 
of the Society work of the past, and 
creates bright anticipations for the 
society's future. 

Miss Landis, in her remarks, stated 
that she found the work in which she 
was engaged (that of teaching school) 
very agreeable. 

That the change from her prior 
school life was very appreciative in 



62 



one respect, yet she frequently de- 
sired to associate with the girls and 
enter into active society work. She 
impressed upon the girls the im- 
portance of thorough literary work, 
concluding her remarks by express- 
ing her sincere wishes for the success 
of the society. 

Miss Delia Roop spent the Sab- 
bath, Sept. 27th, at Lebanon. 

Miss Dyer, State Secretary of the 
Y. W. C. A., called on some of the 
ladies with regard to the interests 
of the association. Her visits are 
very much appreciated, as the ad- 
dresses delivered by her are instruc- 
tive and such as have a tendency to 
build up moral character. 

At the request of a committee from 
the Philokosmian Society, the ques- 
tion, " whether it would be desirable 
to have a conjoint meeting of the 
Philokosmian and Clionian Socie- 
ties," was discussed. The ladies 
heartily assented to the idea and are 
anxiously looking forward to the 
occasion. 

The society mourns the loss by 
death of Mrs. Sue Thomas (Groff) 
We feel that we lose one of our 
strongest ex-members. Our heart- 
felt sympathies are extended to 
those who are bereaved. The society 
hall has been draped in a sombre 
color and each lady will wear a badge 
of the same color, for a period of 
thirty days, expressive of our grief 
at her loss. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 



Palma non sine Pulvere. 



It is with pleasure that we note 
the interest taken by all the mem- 
bers during the past month, the 
duties by each one having been well 
performed. Our number has been in- 
creased by two. Messrs. Harry 
Mayer, from Sacramento, Pa., and J. 
H. Gilbert, from Girardsville, Pa., 
have united with us. We welcome 
these gentlemen and hope they, 
through the aid of the Society, may 
be benefited, and the Society by 
their efforts receive some good. 

The Gymnasium has been greatly 
improved during the last month 
under the management of W. H. 
Artz. The walls of the room have 
been nicely white washed, the wood 
work painted, the clothes press in 
the room has been neatly papered 
and all the apparatus has been placed 
in a good condition. The Society 
extended a vote of thanks to Mr. 
Artz for his successful management. 

The following was the programme 
for Friday evening, October 2d : 

Biography of Ex-President Grevy. 
Address — The Revolutionary period 
of France. Review—The ^present 
condition of Europe. Debate— Re- 
solved, That England is more in- 



debted to Gladstone than Germany 
is to Bismark for public service. 

On Friday evening, September 11, 
Mr. C. B. Pennypacker, of Mount- 
ville, Pa., honored us with a visit in 
Society. He gave us an interesting 
address on " Immigration." Mr. 
Pennypacker is at present teaching 
in Lancaster County, Penna. It 
is his intention to meet with us oc- 
casionally and take active part in 
Society work. We hope he will be 
able to meet with us often. 

Mr. Harry Mayer visited his home 
at Sacramento, Pa., from September 
24th to 28th. He reports having had 
a veiy pleasant time. Mr. Mayer 
brought with him a box of many 
good things, and judging by the way 
it was carried it must have been very 
heavy. 

Mr. J. H. Gilbert, from Girards- 
ville, Pa., who had entered College 
and who had united with us, was 
called home b}^ the sickness of his 
parents. We hope the parents of 
Mr. Gilbert will soon regain their 
health so that he may soon be able 
to return to resume his studies. 

Mr. E. S. Feeser, who had been at- 
tending school, has returned to his 
home in Linglestown, where he has 
been engaged to teach, We wish 
him success. Mr. .b'eeser intends to 
return in spring term.. 

Mr. Geo. D. Keedy, class of '94, 
spent Sunday, Oct. 4th, at his home, 
near Hagerstown, Md. 

W. H. Artz has been attending 
the session of East German Confer- 
ence, which convened at Myerstown, 
Pa. He attended Conference as a 
candidate for admission into the 
ministry. We are glad to state that 
Mr. Artz passed a satisfactory ex- 
amination and was recommended to 
the Conference for license. 

Rev. J. H. Yon Neida, who was 
visiting in Annville, made a call at 
the College and led chapel services 
on Wednesday morning. He was on 
his way to the session of East Ger- 
man Conference, at Myerstown. He 
was pastor at Reading, Pa., during 
the last year. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 

" Esse Quam Videri." 



The work of the society is pro- 
gressing very nicely. Indeed it has 
been most encouraging thus far to 
see the earnestness manifested by 
the members. The programs as a 
rule are well rendered. One of the 
most encouraging features is the 
absence of trials for non-performance 
which used to be such a hiudrance to 
the work. Of these there have been 
only one this term and that was 
excusable. 

We were pleased to have with us 
on the 11th ult., Miss Annie Keedy 



ve 
a 

dif 



of Hagerstown, Md. ; Misses BrighJ cr 
bill and Kreider and Messrs. T. 1 th 
Kelley, of town, and Wm. Hugg ( 
Philadelphia. 

The session of October 2d ^ 
rather an interesting one. 
theme of the rhetorical exercises 
Ancient History. The debate : 
solved, That the destruction of 
Roman Empire was cletrime 
to the world's progress, was deci 
in favor of the negative. The visito 
present were : Revs. Fridinger at 
J. A. Wiegand and Prof. McD< 
mad, who addressed us very e 
couragingly on the importance 
the literary part of our educati 
It was very much appreciated. 

It was with pleasure that 
elected to honorary members 
during the past month, Mr. J 
Bomberger, Cashier of the Mechai 
ics' Bank, of Ilarrisburg. intei 
At our recent election, A. Hbeer 
Kreider was chosen as the Presiden|tati< 

H. IT. Roop, '92, was grante 
quarterly conference license. 

Messrs. Seba and Samuel II 
and H. B. Roop enjoyed Sunday, 
13th ult., at the colored camp 
Stoverdale. forni 
Mr. D. W. Crider, of York, tlent 
founder of our society, was in toi jural 
on business on the first instant. lue 
H. B. Roop, '92, enjoyed the 27 f o 
of last month at his home in Higrati 
spire. ne 
A. R. Kreider reports a veras 
pleasant trip through Somer* ^wn 
county, with his father. "A 
Geo. F. linger, of Lebanon, i gr 
ex-member, has recovered from rate 
attack of typhoid fever. >d 

Mr. Geo. Gensemer, '80, of Pj ppp 
grove, made a business trip to tJ [thai 
on the 19th ult. ffec 

D. S. Eshleman, '94, was very Jjfd n< 
denly taken ill one evening |p ve le 
month. He fainted on the camffPart 
and from his fall sustained 
bruises on his face. He was con. 
to his room for several weeks, 
are glad to see him about his 
again. 

Mr. H. W. Light replaced t 
college bulletin by a new andB 
neat one. It is gratifjdng to s 
interest in L. Y. C. manifesto 
our ex-members, and we are 
dent that it is always apprech 

Samuel F. Huber, whom re- 
cently initiated, had a pleasant wi^p 
among friends in Lebanon on tmm 1 s 
in st. |ejff E si 

We are very sorry to n-poiMiprr e; 
Geo. J. C. Durr, of Steelton, lyiMBid ; 
a critical condition, to which hJRind 
been reduced by consumption. nHg^esic 
Derr was an active and va l|f§| °^ 
member of the P. L. S., earneMb a 
the defense and propagation? :p fa 
Philokosmianism and a man of Hfeion' 
siderable promise. til^ 

The society is very desirous of f 3 i\ 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



63 



gin 



; 

1 ti 
?nti 
•idt- 
ito 



e 
itioi 



creasing largely the circulation of 
the FoRUM v which has recently grown 
yery encouragingly ; in order to have 
a larger field and better means of 
diffusing the news and interests of 
the college which it represents. S. 
C. Hober, '92, was delegated in these 
interests to the session of the East 
Pennsylvania German Conference, 
which was convened at Myerstown 
on the 3d inst., where he was quite 
successful. 

Horace W. Crider, '93, has been 
appointed physical director of the 
gymnasium for the }^ear. His skill 
and ability as an athlete is recog- 
nized by all and gives to this de- 
partment a superior dignity. 



b i 
rshi 

r 

chat 



idea 
ted 



The " Depression " of Idleness 

One of the most suggestive and 
interesting of the papers which have 
1 been called forth by the present agi- 
tation with regard to the condition 
of our farming population is that on 
'Agricultural Depression and Waste 
lulu of Time," contributed by President 
y,tl David Starr Jordan, of the Leland 
np Stanford, Jun., University, in Cali- 
fornia, to the October Forum. Presi- 
t lent Jordan maintains that agricul- 
l to\ ural depression in this country is 
t. lue chiefly to the idle habits of most 
e 27 »f our farmers. He cites as an illus- 
Higption of this theory his experience 
ne day when the train in which he 
veras traveling stopped at a little 
men own in Indiana, called Cloverdale : 
"A commercial traveler, dealing 
on, i groceries and tobacco, got off; a 
•om rate of live chickens was put on ; 

id the cars started a>_ r ain. The 
f Popping of a train was no rare sight 
that village, for it happens two pr 
le times every day. The people 
id no welcome for the commercial 
■veler, no tears were shed over the 
parture of the chickens ; yet on the 
ation steps I counted forty men 
_ boys who were there when the 
Dip came in — farm boys, who ought 
"T^ve been at work in the fields ; 
•^ge boys, who might have been 
\f something somewhere, every 
,^,4 st of economics and {esthetics 
I^calling them away from the 
|pe and off to the farms. Two 
attended to all the business of 
Station. The solitary passenger 
his own way. The rest were 
because they had not the 
1 strength to go anywhere else. 

stood there on the station 
'if embodied ghosts, dead to all 
d hope, with only force enough 
nd around and gape." 
esident Jordan regards this 
of affairs as typical of that 



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very generally prevails in 
farming districts where ' de- 
|ion" exists. He finds only one 
' ly for it and that is industry. 
3 farmers are " eternally vigi- 



lant," he believes that they will pros- 
per. He does not deny that the 
farmers are handicapped by bad laws 
and bad roads, but he believes that 
these evils are merely incidental and 
that they will in time redress them- 
selves. There is plenty of food for 
thought in his paper, and no farmer 
in the country should fail to read it. 



The Press and Public Men. 

Is the press immaculate ? By no 
means. Do all connected with it 
appreciate the grave responsibilities 
which their limitless facilities for 
reaching the public should impose 
upon them ? Again the answer must 
be an emphatic no. Have public 
men no reasonable grounds of com- 
plaint ? Undoubtedly they have. 
But the sweeping judgment which 
too many of them pass upon the rep- 
resentatives of the press as a body 
has in it the same elements of un- 
fairness and injustice as exist in the 
wide opinion that public men as a 
class are corrupt. With the latter 
the exact opposite is true. As a 
class they are honest. So with jour- 
nalists ; as a class they are careful 
and conscientious. 

The erroneous judgments of pub- 
lic men and of members of the press 
spring from the same cause ; namely, 
visiting the shortcomings of the few 
upon the many. In the one case the 
fact that party men, as a rule, unite 
to shield those detected in wrong 
creates a general opinion that the 
class is corrupt. In the other the 
fact that there is too much toleration 
by the press of its libelers and sen- 
sation-mongers gives excuse to pub- 
lic men for their sweeping charges. 
In a word, the most effective foes of 
the press are those of its own house- 
hold. It is fully able to deal suc- 
cessfully with all others ; it should 
be abundantly able to crush these. — 
Century. 



The Pleasures of Prison Life. 

Here is a very suggestive passage 
taken from William P. Andrew's ar- 
ticle on the " Increase of Crime by 
Reformatory Prisons " in the Octo- 
ber Forum: 

" Several times the prisoners have 
complained to the writer that the of- 
ficers have made a mistake in copy- 
ing their mittimuses, and not given 
them time enough. Here is a com- 
plaint of this character last made to 
him: 'I have got but two months, 
and I am entitled to four. Please 
have it altered for me : I want all 
four months that I was sentenced 
for.' Again : meeting in a county 
prison a physician sentenced for two 
years for malpractice, the writer was 
astounded with this conversation. 
The prisoner was a man who had 



been noted for his enjoyment of the 
luxuries of existence. He said, 'it 
is a great mistake you fellows make 
in thinking you are inflicting punish- 
ment when you send men here. I 
have been here a year, and can truly 
say I have enjoyed it so much that I 
shall not feel sorry if my pardon is 
not obtained. You see it has been 
vacation, with just enough to do to 
amuse me. The novels in the prison 
library are entertaining, and I am 
very fond of dominoes and checkers, 
and find some first-rate players 
among the men. Now, if it strikes 
me in this way, who have been ac- 
customed to every luxury, how must 
it be to the poor devils who never 
have a square meal outside ? Do you 
wonder that they flock by hundreds 
and thousands to the jails in winter ? 
My only surprise is that you can 
keep any of them out at all.' This 
is the opinion of an educated man 
who has experienced the benefits of 
the system in his own person, and 
finds them 4 delightful '—a life from 
which he is loath to part. But it is 
evident that it is far from the ' aus- 
terity and severity' which once did 
'pervade the prison place;' and it 
will be hard from this to realize the 
good man's desire of ' impressing the 
prisoner with the idea that the way 
of the transgressor is hard.' " 



REVIEWS. 



There are three articles in the New 
England Magazine for October, which 
will appeal to a very wide circle of 
readers. The one which will perhaps at- 
tract the greatest number of people— the 
general reading public— is "Benjamin 
Butler's Boyhood," by himself. The 
other two articles are more valuable' 
although perhaps not of such a popular 
character. They are Edward Everett 
Hale's "James Russell Lowell," and a 
pleasant and instructive commentary on * 
Lowell's old magazine, The Pioneer, by 
Edwin D. Mead, the senior editor of the 
magazine. Dr. Hale is always interest- 
ing whatever his subject, and the fact of 
his having been for many years an inti- 
mate friend of Lowell 's gives his essay a 
personal sympathy which no reader can 
help feeling at once. Mr. Mead's article 
is just one of those delightful papers one 
expects to find in going through a volume 
of an old magazine, and so seldom meets 
in a modern periodical. It is embellished 
with reproductions of several of the out- 
line drawings and engravings which ap- 
peared in the three numbers of The Pio- 
neer that saw the light. A fine portrait 
of Lowell in his study, taken a little 
while before his death, is the frontispiece 
of the number. Henry S. Nourse con- 
tributes an interesting article on "The 
Public Libraries of Massachusetts." 
Ethel Parton writes about Newburyport, 
an old historic town in Massachusetts, 
and the headquarters of American priva- 
teers during the Revolutionary War, 
"In a Corner at Dodsley's," by Walter 
Blackburn Harte, contains some perti- 
nent remarks about the craze among 
literary men, especially English writers, 
for making booklets of then- ephemeral 



64 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



work in the newspapers. There is a 
good deal of candor in what Mr. Harte 
writes. 

* 

The Forum for October presents dis- 
cussions of all these in three notable ar- 
ticles :— Archdeacon Farrar writes "An 
English Estimate of Lowell ; " Edward 
Atkinson on "The Real Meaning of Free 
Coinage Agitation;" the Hon. M. D. 
Harter, a member of Congress from 
Ohio, explains " A Plan for a Permanent 
Bank System," by substituting good 
State, municipal, and railroad bonds for 
Government bonds — a plan that deserves 
the attention of all students of finance. 

Certain other subjects are always with 
us, such as Municipal Misgovern m en fc, a 
remedy for which is presented by Presi- 
dent Eliot ; Prison Systems, about which 
W . P. Andrews, for forty years Clerk of 
the Criminal Court at Salem, Mass., 
writes to show that the "reformatory" 
system of management has doubled crime 
in Massachusetts ; the status and needs 
of our Army and Navy, and Coast De- 
fences, are explained by Col. Theo. A. 
Dodge and by Commander Miller, of the 
N. Y. Naval Militia ; the agitation of 
State or Church control of Schools in the 
West is taken up by Senator Vilas in 
Wisconsin and Mr. E. M. Winston in 
Illinois ; the lack of business methods by 
farmers as a cause of agricultural de- 
pression is discussed by President Jor- 
dan, of California. 

Besides these timely discussions there 
are three articles " out of the common " 
in the October Forum — A Review of 
English writers of social verse, by the 
poet Swinburne ; an explanation of the 
Cost and Uses of English Royalty, by 
Henry Labouchere ; and an explanation 
of the Extent and Growth and Forms of 
Gambling, by W. B. Curtis. 



The opening article of The Century for 
October is the closing one of Mr. 
Kennan's series, and is entitled "My Last 
Days in Siberia." The promised article 
by Hiram S. Maxim, the inventor, on 
"Aerial Navigation," appears in this 
number. The paper in the Gold-Hunting 
Series is entitled "Tarrjing in Nicara- 
gua." An allied paper by Lieutenant 
Henry R. Lemly, of the army, answers 
the question of its title, "Who was El 
Dorado? " and corrects a popular misap- 
prehension as to the meaning of the word. 
Colonel E. V. Sumner, of the army, gives 
a graphic account of the Indian massacre 
of 1879, under the title, " Besieged by the 
Utes." A paper of unique interest is 
Mrs. Joseph Pennell's description of "A 
Water Tournament at Martigues," in 
the south of France. There is also a 
critical essay by Edmund Gosse on Rud 
yard Kipling, which is in the nature of a 
review of his literary work in prose and 
verse. A portrait of Mr. Kipling is the 
frontispiece of the number. J G. Nicolay 
writes of "Lincoln's Personal Appear- 
ance," and General H. V. Boynton dis- 
cusses "The Relation of the Press and 
Public Men." In fiction, there are three 
short stories in addition to the conclusion 
of Dr. Edward Eggleston's novel, "The 
Faith Doctor,"— namely, "An Escapade 
in Cordova," by F. Hopkinson Smith, 
"The Story of a Story," by Brander 
Matthews, with drawings by Edwards, 
and a story entitled "Was It an Excep- 
tional Case ? ' ' Apropos of Mr. Kennan's 
closing article, the editor prints a brief 
but significant extract from the preface 
of Mr. Kennan's forthcoming volume, by 
way of reply to certain criticisms of his 
papers in TJie Century. 



THE! 



Century Dictionary 



An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the 
English Language, prepared under 
the Superintendence of William 
Dwight Whitney, Ph. D., LL.D., 
Professor of Comparative Philology 
and Sanskrit in Yale University. 



A Pamphlet containing a number of 
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address on receipt of ten cents in 
stamps. 



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rOL. IV. No. 9. 



ANNVILLE, PA., NOVEMBER, 1891. 



Whole No. 45. 



EDITORS. 



nen 
3 pla 
one 

wan 
ms 



EDITOR IN CHIEF. 

Clay Deaner, A. M., Pi-ofessor of Latin. 

FACULTY. 
Benj. Bierman, A. M., President. 
B. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics, 
rapajss Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language, 
j't.iv. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Pi-ofessor of Greek and Natural Science, 
iss Carrie G. Eby, 
eni Professor of Piano and Voice, 

iss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony, 
iss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

SOCIETY EDITORS. 
Ionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
HBRiilokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
3f to Uozetean Society— Elmer L. Haak. 
TIMES 

ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 
D. Huber. 
\B. Roop. 
\E. Heilman. 



L'S 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 

LJlay Deaner. 



. communications or items of news 

I>LA» llld De sent to tn ® Editor in Chief. Sub- 

ptions should be sent to the Publish- 
RY Agent. 

HE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
/ithly for one school year on receipt of 

nty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 

J time. 

"ME'°r terms of advertising, address the 

jrtheilishing Agent. 

ver t* 

ded** 1 ^ 1 at tlle Post ° fflce at Annville . Pa -i 
>ictiox as second-class mail matter. 

lLLERg = 



EDITORIAL. 



adict| 



ompsfSE Anniversary of the CUonians 
Iihanksgiving evening promises 



,E first public rhetorical for the 



ST, 

ars t 




■pill be given by the Juniors on 
pnber 5. One week later, the 
rs will add laurels to their al- 
j^y enviable reputation. 




IV. Joseph Cook will lecture at 
non, Pa., the 19th inst., on U TJ1- 
p America." All wh/> live 
a radius of twenty miles 
jd hear him, as he is the great- 
inker of the aire. 



||e Library has recently pur- 
}<1 the Century Dictionary. It 



is a great work, being the most com- 
prehensive dictionary in the Eng- 
lish language. No library is com- 
plete without it. It gives a purely 
philological definition, yet that prac- 
tical information so much needed. 
It is an authority on science, art and 
history. Classical students, in fact 
all who wish to become informed on 
the etymology of words and their 
relation, will find the subject care- 
fully treated. The name of Prof. W. 
D. Whitney, as editor in chief, is a 
sufficient guarantee of the value of 
the work. 



Thanksgiving will be observed 
with appropriate services. We 
have many reasons for which to be 
thankful. Although there were 
many epidemics near us, the college 
has had no serious sickness. The 
religious influences have never been 
better. There have been special 
seasons of the outpouring of God's 
spirit. All friends should offer up 
a prayer of thanksgiving for the 
material prosperity of the college 
and for what has been done, as free 
will offerings, towards making the 
surroundings of the college so pleas- 
ant. Let all who profess God's 
name raise a prayer for Lebanon 
Yalley College and for the students 
who are within her walls. 



" Our Dumb Animals," devoted 
to the humane treatment of animals, 
is doing a grand work. It is edu- 
cating the young in a spirit of chiv- 
alry and humanity which will tell in 
future generations to making all 
have a kindlier feeling for animal 
life. If " Black Beauty," a copy of 
which can be secured from George 
T. Angell, President, 19 Milk St., 
Boston, for ten cents, would be in 
the hands of all young people, 
cruelty to animals would be greatly 
lessened, and the many tortures to 



which animals are subjected would 
be at an end. Young friends, and 
old ones too, write for that book. 
It will teach you not only kindness 
to animals, but those elements which 
go to make up Christian character. 



The students of the University of 
Pennsylvania are to be congratulated 
on their abolishing the barbarous 
custom of the cane rush. The ath- 
letic supremacy of the Sophomores 
and Freshmen hereafter will be de- 
cided by a series of games. The 
first to be a series of three games of 
foot ball to be played this fall. In 
the spring, there will be a series of 
three games of base ball. About 
the first of February there will be a 
bowl fight, by representative mem- 
bers of each class. There will be a 
regular organization, with specific 
rules and regulations. Each event 
will count a certain number of points. 
During commencement a trophy 
will be presented to the winner by 
the faculty. The trophy will be kept 
for one 3 T ear, when it will be handed 
down to successive classes. It will 
hang in the Library, as a memorial 
of the prowess of the class. It surely 
is not manly to indulge in hand to 
hand fights and the many gross bar- 
barities so often practised at our 
older colleges. The present age ex- 
pects a different kind of chivalry. 
The many attempts to abolish these 
old time customs are indicative of 
truer culture and higher ideals. 

In the last issue of the Telescope 
Bishop Kephart gives a very inter- 
esting review of the work and con- 
dition of the seven conferences 
over which he presided this fall, and 
in speaking of the East Pennsyl- 
vania Conference and the College, 
he says : " The Conference has 
made very marked advancement in 
the last four years. Lebanon Yal- 



66 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



ley College is located within its 
bounds, and while it has done much 
for this and for other of the confer- 
ences in Pennsylvania, it is capable 
of doing much more than it ever has 
done, if its friends would only come 
vigorously to its support and put it 
in a condition that ad its capabilities 
might be utilized to the upbuilding 
of the Church and the cause of hu- 
manity in general. Its President 
and its Faculty feel this most keenly 
and know they have not the support 
so necessar}' in order to accomplish 
the highest good of which a well- 
supported college is capable." 

These words are to the point, and 
may we not therefore hope to see a 
united move along the whole line in 
response to them and crowd the col- 
lege halls with students from all 
parts of our patronizing conferences. 



How to Bead. 

There is much advice asked and 
given upon what to read, and it is a 
subject of vital importance to the 
whole reading public. Supposing it 
could be settled, however, in the 
wisest possible manner, the problem 
of reading would not even then be en- 
tirely solved. When a man or woman 
has selected the reading matter best 
suited to his or to her individual 
needs and development, the necessity 
still remains of so using it as to 
make it meet these requirements. 
Not only what to read, but hoio to 
read, should engage the interest of 
every one who proposes anything 
higher than simple amusement as a 
result of this exercise. 

There is one habit so common 
among readers that it seldom excites 
comment — that of complete passivity 
of mind. It is a sort of luxurious in- 
dolence, in which the eyes wander 
over the page and the words make a 
vague impressien on the mind, but 
all without any active energy of the 
mind itself, the imagination more 
or less clearly pictures the scenes 
recorded or the ideas suggested, and 
the memory more or less indistinctly 
retains them ; but no demand is made 
upon the thought power for any real 
exercise of its own. This is usually 
the case with the voracious and ex- 
clusive novel-reader. The passive 
perusal of fiction is at once a relaxa- 
tion and a stimulant, which, taken 
as an occasional medicine for tired 
nerves, fulfills its object admirably, 
but indulged in continually for the 
sake of the stimulus alone, to the 
exclusion of real mental nourishment 
is demoralizing to the intellect and 
the character. We clo not here 
allude to the comparative value of 



fiction with other kinds of reading, 
It holds an important place in litera- 
ture, and will ever be a great power 
in the world; but its power for good 
will largely depend upon the way in 
which it is read. The habit of read- 
ing languidly and passively is one 
great reason for the floods of trashy 
novels that inundate the land. If 
readers kept thought, reason and 
judgment alive and awake they 
would soon learn to sift the good 
from the bad, the strong from the 
weak, and the increasing demand 
for the best fiction would soon di- 
minish the supply of the worst. 

It is not, however, fiction alone 
that needs to be read with mental 
activity. Whatever be the subject 
of the book, or the nature of the 
article in periodical or newspaper, if 
it is worth reading at all, it is worth 
reading well ; that is, with the co- 
operating power of the reader's mind. 
Just as eating will do no good, un- 
less what is eaten is digested and 
assimilated with the physical system, 
so reading can only be useful when 
what is read is mentally digested 
and assimilated with the thought of 
the reader. The only way to accom- 
plish this is to keep the thought 
power actively engaged on what is 
being read. It is far better to read 
slowly for fifteen minutes a day in 
this manner than to peruse whole 
volumes, even of the best literature, 
in a passive, languid and unthinking 
way. 

There are two extremes to be 
avoided in this mental exercise — the 
antagonistic or critical attitude and 
that of over credulity. Bacon wisely 
says: "Read, not to contradict and 
confute, nor to believe and take for 
granted, but to weigh and consider." 
It is wed to be hospitable to all 
thought, but in bondage to none. 
To preserve this balance we should 
cherish the sympathetic feeling when 
we read what is contrary to our pre- 
conceived ideas, and exercise our 
critical faculty chiefly on what co- 
incides with them, If different par- 
ties and sects, communities and na- 
tions, would observe this rule, in 
reading of each other's doings and' 
sayings, it would serve to blow away 
many unjust conceptions that now 
appear like thick walls of separation 
between them, but which would then 
be found to be mere cobwebs of the 
brain. Certainly, if to discover truth 
be any part of the purpose in reading, 
it can only be attained in this way, 
for truth is many-sided, and is never 
appreciated when viewed only from 
a single standpoint. 

It may be objected that the mental 
exercise thus required would make 
reading rather a toil than a pleasure. 
To such as have only read passively 
heretofore this might at first be the 
case, just as a person who has grown 



physicall} 7 indolent finds brisk opi ~ 
! disagreeable. Hap^j^ 

h P 1 

proportionate exercise of all i z. 
faculties, and he who persisted ^ 
brings his mental powers to b, | )e ^ 
upon his reading, will no more g ' . 
up the exhilarating enjoyment tl 
ensues than the healthful and act , ^ e 
J give up the pleasure ^ e 



may of course , 

.Jiurc, 



man would 
walking. There 

too much reading, as of aii ythi an jj. 
else, and its natural pleasure n >gea ' 
thus be turned into pain ; but if \^ r j 
proportion be wisely regulated, | Q ne 
action of the mind upon what ^ es 
thus passively received can <>l Iatio 
produce pleasurable and invigoratC,-,^ 
results, while in this equipoise akj j j(n 
can reading become the instrum e 
of true culture. ^ e ^ 

ed f 
ulino 
mied 
( int t 
III 
has 
ichC 
wind 
si 211 
*The 



"Ecumenical Conference." 

It is universally admitted that 
Methodist conference, which 
vened in Washington several we 
ago, was the greatest gathering e 
known in the history of Methodi 
This great convocation eonsis 
of Methodists from all parts of 
world. Every denomination 
delegates in attendance. Theni^jj a] 
bership of various denominatif ^ me 
represented in conference aggrega)i K l ay 
about 8,500,000. The benefits 5 p e eia 
rived from such a conference (fence 
not fail to be of the highest L. 'j 
portance to Christianity in geneiverec 
and more especially to the Method'Drs. 
throughout the civilized world. Imstor 
various branches of Methodism the \ 
brought together. It gave themted a 
opportunity of seeing men who ting it 
done bold and decided work foM ( j f 
Lord. It encouraged them, stienior ti 
ened their faith, kindled theii'recati 
thusiasm. It enlarged their kfic, ai 
There is a better understanding f 
tween various branches, a brajpted r 
and better spirit, and as wefof th< 
deeper sympathy between bo5u nc ^ a 
which will certainly equip theirlic q u J 
greater usefulness in their respe 
spheres of labor. } 
The proceedings of the Conferh^ ^ 
indicate that there is a strong d no . 
for organic union, especially b, ^ . 
representatives of English Me 5o . 
ism. The proceedings also ^ J 
that they were in hearty sym] ln( ^ ' r 
with the most advanced ideas o ^ ' 
subject of education, and particj by^Pr 
of the place and work of wom 0n ^ 
the church. The influence o^ p\ 
ideas advauced on this topic ^ 



certainly be very helpful in eduG 
the popular mind. Prof. J. P, 



»y D. 

esday 



dis, D.*D.,and Rev. W. McKeeljg.g'w 
of the representatives of our Chij* \ 
spoke respectively on "Won^.,.., 



Worl 



ppele 



in the Church," and " Gj^ ^ 
tian Work amonsr the Poor," exti \ 
of which were given in the Wash. £ 
ton Post. „ n 

J Gr. 



J 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



67 



e al< 
L-uml 



e. 



°P* On Monday, President Harrison 
^ a P j e id a special reception in honor of 
u ',he delegates to the Conference. 
* 1 The delegates desired to hear him 
ten1 peak. He consented to visit the 
^ Conference. In a clear, ringing 
e § r jce, he addressed the Conference, 
fc d eclaring that every Ecumenical 
act lonference was not only a step in 
ure le direction of the unification of. the 
rse mrch, but of the unification of hu- 
ia nit3 r , etc. It is said the audience 
e . K >se as the President departed, as it 
^ Ud risen when he entered. 

* One of the most interesting de- 
' ua ' ites of the Conference was on the 
L °11ation of the press to the church, 
^'"j'lened by Rev. Hugh Price Hughes, 
London. He said the press was 
e greatest engine of the world, 
tie religious press should never be 
ed for political purposes. Coll- 
uding, he said, the preacher had 
' na Hrned from journalism and "God 
;n %nt that it may learn a little from 
,1 wej United, we and the journalists 
n g <fn hasten the creation of that state 
hodi|i c h Christ is bringing to all lands, 
Misi| w hich there shall be no room for, 
s °f [sign of miserj'." 
on Hie three hundred and ninety- 
he inth anniversary of the discovery 
inatii America, by Columbus, fell on 
?rega|nday 19, and it was celebrated by 
efits special service arranged by Con- 
ice fence, and held on Sunday after- 
iest bn. Bisliop Hurst presided and 
gencivered a short address, followed 
sthofflDrs. Carman, Stephenson, Earle 
rid. bston, Clinton and Fitzgerald, 
ism the World's W. C. T. U. pre- 
sented a memorial to the Conference, 
whojng it to issue an address to the 
k fotld for the suppression of the 
stresjor traffic. Action was taken 
theijecating the continuance of the 
air^nc, and concerning the immor- 
ndinj f men in p i aces< j t 

i bropted resolutions against the open- 
s we! of the gates of the World's Fair 
n boSunday, and on other important 
theriic questions, 
re s pei . ♦ . . 

Week of Prayer. 

!o " y fe ! he following are the topics for 
^ngelistic Meetings for voung 

Mel duiing the week of P^ver for 
l iviejg mei ^ which b egan S im a a y 

1IS0 mg, Nov. 8, 1891 : 

s .V ra «inday, Nov. 8. Disaster and Res- 

eas ( Num. 21:4-9; John 3:14-15. 
artier by p rof j A McDermad 

wo ™Jonday, Nov. 9. Which Path am 

,ce Prov. 4:14-18; John 14:6. 

topic by D. g Eshleman 

\ p\ e8da y, Nov. 10. May I Come 
i irl$ m - MaU - 9:28; Luke. 19:10; 
IC p , ! ,6:37. Led by H. U. Roop. 

u ]lnesday, Nov. 11. Hope for 



Won, 



,nd " C D 
r," exti 



opeless. Mark 1 :40-45. Led 



Friday, Nov. 13. What is My 
Idol. Phil. 3:19; Eph. 5:5-6; I Thes. 
1:8-10. Led by W. H. Artz. 

Saturday, Nov. 14. Final Reck- 
oning. Rom. 14:11-12; Rev. 20:12- 
15. Led by H. W. Crider. 



Need 



y- 



' J^r ; rsday, Nov. 12. Penitent and 

le yyasr [tent Luke 23;33 ^ 39 43 

j G. K. Hartman. 



Y. P. C U. Convention at Lebanon. 

The first general convention of 
the Y. P. C. U. of East Pennsylva- 
nia U. B. Conference was held in 
the Trinity Church, Lebanon, No- 
vember 3d and 4th, 1891. It was a 
large, enthusiastic and successful 
convention. Sixt3 T -six delegates of 
the various societies were in attend- 
ance. The objects of convention 
were to bring and keep the workings 
of the various unions in touch with 
one another ; for an exchange of 
ideas ; to discuss earnestly and 
prayerfully the questions of interest 
in the work pro and con, so that the 
delegates might go home and con- 
sider them, and discard that which 
is wrong and adopt that which is 
right in their society work. Import- 
ant questions affecting the future 
prosperity of the church were dis- 
cussed spiritedly. The convention 
did a grand work for the church in 
in that it awakened greater enthusi- 
asm and stimulated the delegates 
and workers to greater diligence and 
devotion in young peoples' work, in 
promoting the cause of Christ. 
Every Church should organize a 
Y. P. C. U. for many reasons. It is 
dedicated to God and humanity. It is 
making young people mor e and 
more loyal to our church, and we 
cannot say too much about it. It is 
adapted to the work it aims to do. 
It emphasizes the work of young 
people for their associates and 
friends. It is not simply work for 
young people; it is by young people. 
It honors the Lord Jesus Christ, the 
Divine Son of God. It is emphati- 
cally a Christian union. It honors 
the Church of God which He has 
purchased with His own blood, and 
is part of it. It honors the spirit of 
God, recognizing that without Him 
we can do nothing. It honors above , 
all things the word of God, etc. The 
convention urged the members of 
Union to be close and devout stu- 
dents of the Bible. We believe that 
the local unions should take up the 
special systematic study of the Bible, 
and that a Bible committee should 
be added to the list of Committees. 

The convention decided to publish 
an eight-page monthly in connection 
with the conference, to be known as 
the Conference Herald. The next 
annual Y. P. C. U. convention will 
be held at Hummelstown the first 
Tuesday in November, 1892. 



On thes a . long winter evenings the 
pages of The Forum will help to 
while away many a weary hour. 



Educational. 

William and Mar} r College is 231 
years old. 

The Georgia senate has voted an 
appropriation of $7,500 for the Girls' 
Industrial School at Milledgville. 

The University of Berlin, with its 
6,000 students and scores of pro- 
fessors, has a capital of but $150,000. 

The Woman's College of the 
Western Reserve University, at 
Cleveland, O., has received a gift of 
$25,000 from J. Homer Wade, Jr. 

Gen. Alexander S. Webb, Presi- 
dent of the College of the City of 
New York, has received a medal in 
honor for distinguished personal 
gallantry at the battle of Gettysburg. 

At the meeting of the Delaware 
County Teachers' Institute, a plea 
was made for better schools, teachers 
and salaries. 

There is a movement on foot in 
the Reading School Board to em- 
ploy a teacher of cooking in the 
Girls' High School. 

Sixty-three students are now said 
to be working their way through 
Yale College and paying all their 
expenses. 

Mrs. M. H. Hotchkiss, of Lake- 
ville, Ct., has given seventy-five 
acres of land and $275,000 to found 
a preparatory school for Yale Col- 
lege. 

Fances E. Willard wants to have 
a professor of total abstinence con- 
nected with the new American Uni- 
versity in Washington, and proposes 
to raise a fund to support such a 
professorship. 

The young ladies of Wellesley 
College are in a rebellious frame of 
mind because they are no longer 
permitted to use the phrase, " I guess 
so." In future they must invariably 
conjecture. 

Sir William Turner, of the Uni- 
versity of Edinburgh, who has made 
a careful study of the whale, calcu- 
lates that one eighty feet long, in 
order to attain a speed of twelve 
miles an hour, must exercise a pro- 
pelling force of 145 horse-power. 

Mrs. Leland Stanford has pur- 
chased 150 handsomely bound Bibles 
to go in the students' rooms at Palo 
Alto University. 

The youngest college-president 
record is believed to have been 
broken by the University of Utah, 
at Ogden, which has elected as its 
president, a brother of Congressman 
Dolliver, of Iowa. He is 24 ; salar} r 
$5000. 

A number of young ladies and 
gentlemen of the Lebanon High 
School have organized a choral 
society. Prof. S. R. Hoover, prin- 
cipal, will act as instructor. 



68 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



In a number of the school dis- 
tricts in Lebanon county, the teach- 
ers hold monthly meetings and dis- 
cuss such matters as have a tendency 
to promote the cause of education 
in the public schools. 

Hon. Henry Houck, Deputy Su- 
perintendent of Public Instruction, 
is delivering lectures before county 
institutes in various parts of the 
state. 

Prof. William Huggins, the Eng- 
lish astronomer and spectroscopist, 
thinks that a star is red, white, or 
blue, according to its age, and that 
the white stars are the youngest. 

Miss Norma E. Crawford has had 
the offer of the chair of oratory in 
the University of Honolulu made 
her, and if she accepts, the Sandwich 
Islanders will make a great gain, 
and Pennsylvania suffer an equal 
loss. 

Marriage Bells. 

The marriage of Rev. A. A. Long, 
'89, of Highspire. Pa., and Miss 
Katie S. Reed, the accomplished 
daughter of ex-commissioner W. S. 
Reed, of Altenwald, Pa., was sol- 
emnized at the home of the bride 
on Wednesday evening, October 14. 
Rev. S. D. Faust, '89, of Harris- 
burg performed the ceremony. Miss 
Alice L. Kutz, '88, of Newville, 
Pa., played Mendelssohn's wedding 
march. Rev. Joseph Daugherty, 
'89, of Newville, Pa., and Benjamin 
F. Daugherty, '89, of Baltimore, Md., 
were the ushers. After the congrat- 
ulations, a sumptuous supper was 
served. 

The presents were many and beau- 
tiful, among which was a check, a 
gift from the bride's father. 

Rev. Mr. Long and bride are now 
homed in the U. B. parsonage at 
Highspire. The college extends best 
wishes. 



Lecture Course. 

On Monday evening,October 26th, 
Mr. Melville D. Landon, alias Eli 
Perkins, gave us what was in our 
judgment the most interesting and 
instructive lecture that has been de- 
livered here for some time. The 
audience was large, and if there 
were any persons in it who were not 
delighted they must have been few 
in number. The expressions that 
we heard on all sides were those of 
unqualified satisfaction. His sub- 
ject was " The Philosophy of Wit 
and Humor," and was handled in 
such a manner as Eli only can han- 
dle it. It was a learned treatment 
very largely interspersed with witty 
sayings, and while the audience 
was royally entertained for more 
than two hours, it was instruct- 
ed as well. The managers of the 
Lecture Course are to be congrat- 



ulated for bringing annually be- 
fore our college and town audience 
such excellent entertainments. 

The following entertainmet and 
lectures will complete the present 
course, viz : 

The Imperial Quartet, Nov. 27, 
1891. 

S. Gifford Nelson, January 15, 
1892. 

G. Murray Klepfer, February 17, 
1892. 

Charles F. Underbill, March 23, 
1892. 



PERSONALS. 



[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Israel Erb, of Lititz, visited his 
daughter near the end of last month. 

Mrs. Wedekind and daughter, of 
Lebanon, visited the college, Octo- 
ber 14th. 

Mrs. Bierman attended the funeral 
of an old friend, at Hamburg, on the 
7th inst. 

Rev. G. W. M. Rigor, of North 
Yineland, N. J., called on President 
Bierman on the 2d inst. 

Mrs. Stephen Huber, Chambers- 
burg, paid a visit to her son, S. F. 
Huber, on the 30th ult. 

Prof. J. A. McDermad occupied 
the pulpit of Memorial U. B. Church, 
at Harrisburg, on the first of this 
month. 

Gilbert A. Beaver, Assistant State 
Secretary of the Y. M. C. A., spent 
a few hours at the college on the 
28th ult. 

Miss Mary Erisman, a former 
student, is taking a special course of 
music at the New England Conserv- 
atory, Boston. 

Miss Sarah M. Sherrick spent 
October 11th and 12th at Schuylkill 
Seminary, Fredericksburg, Pa., in 
the interest of the Y. W. C. A. work. 

Rev. A. M. Yiven, pastor of the 
Methodist Church at Cornwall, 
called at the college, October 23d, 
while on his way home from Phila- 
delphia. 

At the recent convention of the 
Y. M. C. A., which convened at 
Lebanon, Pa., Prof. Jno. E. Lehman 
was elected president for the ensu- 
ing year. 

Prof. Deaner made a short visit to 
Maryland about the middle of last 
month. It was a pleasant surprise 
to his wife, who is visiting the pro- 
fessor's parents at Keedysville. 

Rev. W. H. Lewars, pastor of the 
First Evangelical Lutheran Church, 
conducted chapel services on the 
7th ult. Rev. Lewars is an alumnus 
of Pennsylvania College. 

Rev. M. J. Heberly, our college 
agent, has moved his family to this 
place. They are living in the house 



so I 
zat 
ire 
of 



on College Avenue, formerly ocq 
pied by Rev. W. H. Washinger 

At the anniversary of the Bi| 
Normal Union, held at Reading, J 
during the sitting of the last dtior 
ference Prof. H. Clay Deaner \ ^ 
charge of the meeting and presid (j en 
over the same. mox 
At the last session of the Ijmal 
Pennsylvania Conference, Presid f 
Bierman was elected as one of fj a j 
five delegates to represent the C an y 
ference in the next State Sabb&, 0U | 
School Convention, which nieets meu 
Lancaster, Pa., in September, l^o-ec 
Rev. M. J. Mumma and fangpiri 
are comfortably fixed in the U. nto 
parsonage at Hummelstown. ' au<= 
daughters, Misses Kate and Ben abli 
will continue their work in collBy n 
Rev. Mumma resided on Coll ent: 
Avenue during the past two ye ion' 

f tl 



KATAKEKOMMENA. f>V 

t tl 



The Freshman class at Han ^J rg 
this year numbers 383 men. weg ^ 

Brown University, of Rhode or 
land, celebrates this year its 1^] by 
anniversary by opening its doors 
ladies. 



The great bulk of alcohol madjutii] 
this country is produced at Pedon ^ 
111. It is made from corn. ien ic 

The hues of character, like tlcept 
of porcelain ware, cannot be chancnic 
after the colors have been " buivant 
in." jars, 

Simon: "Though all the iff* 
forsake her, I'll still cling to 'er. ' Q d- 

A bill has passed the Geo f° 
Legislature imposing a tax on ba 11 
lors. Under its terms it will c<r Cai 
Georgian $25 annually to begin , 
bachelor business at 30 years of a 
and on a rising scale of $25 for ^ : 
five years, a man of sixty will be ' 11 
to the expense of $150 for the ^ 
ilege of going without a wife.- Jra ^ 

The space thus far set asid^ anc j 
the World's Fair exposition is States 
times the area of the Paris Ex l]s „ a 
tion grounds or between 700 an( h Sa1 
acres. fl sue] 

The government agent of e( could 
tion in Alaska has begun th^ the 
periment of exporting Siberian y r < 
deer into Alaska. To the inhabinks, i 
of these regions the reindeer nks, • 
very valuable animal, being use&lesoi 
draught animal for sleds, and ioray t 
valuable on account of its milk,uated 
and skin as well. I s j n t 

O that our readers might Wider 
seen that panoramic view ot i§t a 
seniors (?) the evening of the » ss j 
ult. Never again will such ai to 
portunity be offered — say tin i ectl 
thorities. htagj 

" The sweet girl graduate is lec 
personification of pulchritude^hall 



1 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



69 



y 0c C sublimation of symmetry, the ideali- 
? er - zation of intelligence, the embodi- 
ie Biljpent of enthusiasm and typification 
ing, Pof tenderness" — say The Educa- 
ist C( tional Monthly. 

ner 1 ^r e extend sympathy to the stu- 
iresid^.| en t;s of Findlay College, grievously 
mourning because of a wide-spread 
he E malady of their u Lady's Highness." 
'resid The time-honored festivities of the 
ie °f Ilallow e'en certainly have not lost 
the CL n y of their pristine interest to our 
Sabbi, ou th, neither have those fond re- 
meetsLembrances faded from the more 
)er, laged mind; but in the same joyous 
d faispirit with which the parent entered 
he TJ.Jnto its social mirth the son and 
vn. daughter, we believe, uphold its es- 
d Berablished claim to loyal recognition. 
w colliBy no means did our boarding stu- 
i Collents prove faithless to the occa- 
wo yelion's demand, when upon invitation 
— I f the ladies and through the cour- 

INA °^ 0111 matron we na( ^ assembled 
1 ' I t the lower hall and engaged in a 
feal social " taffy pull." Several 
^ ar 1ours were merrily spent. True some 
*• jweetness was wasted on the kitchen 
Rhode or, but it was economically collect- 
its l c 4 by two of our Juniors, H. and M. 
5 door| The uth ult n)arked another 

lcasant digression from the rigid 
ol mad|utine of college life. The occa- 
at Peqon was that of the annual chestnut 
i. Icnic, which all are ever eager to 

like tlpcept as an hospitality from the 
ae chaiicnicers. With the determination of 
n " buijvancing the standard of former 
jars, the class of '93, by energy and 
the vd 01 '*" ^ afforded us a gala day in- 
■ to 'erf e< *- Chapel services concluded 
ie Geoi^ some S eneral directions given, 
x on ha nctllall y we embarked upon the 

will c<T carriers anc ^ 8ped,7ntro6i7e spectu, 
) beoin ross the bills to the P ark of Heil " 
ears or ndale ' where a11 delighted them- 
> 2 5 for Ves ; as onl y the pent-up student 

willh* 1 ' in . tne various picnic games, 
or the f senlin ? an example of the inno- 

wife spirit enlivened and reserve 
" erated students enjoying the vital 
at asicu and recreation " according to the 
bionis utates of their own conscience." 

X l X L ,1 s passed the da y ricnl y crowned 
' an ™ satisfaction and delight to all 
u such high credit to the Juniors 
at of e( could but partially be expressed 
igun tto the numerous congratulations 
.iberiany received. Thanks, thanks, 
3 inhabi nks, we heartily move a vote of 
eindeer nks, and in behalf of wholesome, 
ing useolesouled rusticating, we sincere- 
3, and ispray that the custom may be per- 
ts milk,uated forever. 

8 m any enterprise we may wish 
'~dertake, it is only by dint of 
st and persistent effort that its 
:SS is assured. So is it in re- 
to the conducting of a first- 
lecture course. To select most 
tageously from the broad field 
axluate is lecturers and entertainments 
chritude^hall prove most satisfactory is 



might 
view o 
; of the 

such a 
-say th 



a task involving no little judicious 
skill. In this respect we are proud 
of the distinction our committee 
has already won by its selections. 
However the burden yet hangs 
heavily upon them. They need your 
assistance. Friends, philanthropists 
and gallant knights, arouse an ap- 
preciative interest in yourselves and 
bring your friends and ladies to the 
entertainments. Allow no oppor- 
tunity to escape you for making the 
world better and happier. 

A lovely woman, hearken to the 
friendly counsel of, one, E. Irenaeus 
Stevenson, in North American Re- 
view ! Do not use six-penny words 
when penny ones are your honestest 
commodity. Avoid the usually false, 
mischievous word " very," that adds 
so little to a clause. Don't forget 
that a sentence you begin mustneeds 
have an end. Remember that every 
time you use a misrepresenting word 
you are not living up to your high- 
est moral and intellectual duty, even 
if you are describing only a bonnet. 



MATHEMATICAL CORNER. 



All communications for this department 
should bo addressed to Professor of 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 



The Examination Paper in last 
number of The Forum interested 
quite a number of persons, though 
not as many as we had hoped. We 
judge by the replies we have received. 
It may be, however, that many were 
interested who did not respond at all. 

The problems were all easy and 
the solutions received are all uni- 
formly neat and clear. We give 
them below as nearly as we can in 
the order received. We again in- 
vite our friends to contribute to this 
department. 



No. 5. 



No. 1. 



No. 2. 



SOLUTIONS. 

748—13=735 
927—17=910 

G. C. D. of 735 and 910 is 35. 
. \ 35 is the number sought. 

J. M. Gingrich, 
Annville, Pa. 

.0005-- .5=. 001 
.001-=-.05= .02. Ans. 



No. 3. 

Since 15 men and 8 boys earn $342 in a 
week, in one day they earn $342-j-P=$57. 
By the condition of the question, 8 boys 
do as much as 4 men ; then 15 men plus 
4 men or 19 men earn $57 a day, one man 
earns of $57 or $3 a day, and a boy 
earns half as much or £ of $3 or $1£ a day. 

J. M. Herr, 
Annville, Pa. 

No. 4. 

18 ft. 6 in. = 6jl yds. 
12 ft. 6 in. = 4i yds. 
4;t yds. f = 5f = 6 strips. 
HXQ = 37 yds. 
37 + 3 = 40 yds. 
$ .75 X 40 = $30. 

J. M. G. 



T s s + $492| = or A's share 



ft = $1231f B's share 
ft = $17241 A's share. 

G. S. Fisher, 

Jamestown, JY. D. 

No. 6. 

Let 100%=Cost of 1st horse 
140%=Se]ling price 
20% of 140%=28% 
140%— 28%=112% S. P. of 2d horse. 
.-. 112%=$238 
1%=$2£ 
100%=$212^ Cost of 1st horse 
140%=$297£ Cost of 2d horse. 

J. M. Herr. 

No. 7. 

100%=par value 
100%— 20% =80% 
6% =$390 
1%=$65 
80% =$5200, sum invested. 

J. M. G. 

No. 8. 

If 100 be taken to represent the cost, 
the selling price will be represented by 
120. As the selling price is 10% below 
the marked price, the selling price ft% of 
the marked price. Therefore the marked 
price is of 120 = 1334. 

Hence the goods must be marked 33£ % 
above cost. 

J. M. G. 

No. 9. 



532 _ _ 4 8 

52 =48 =4 ft. 
Hence the ladder is lowered 4 ft. 

R. H. Wagoner, 

Westerville, O. 

No. 10. 

40 rds.XGO rds.=2400 sq. rds. 
2400 --160=15 acres 
$200X15=$3000 cost of farm 
(40+60) X2=200 rods offence 
$1.50X200=$300 cost of fence 
$3000--$300=10 
Hence the farm cost 10 times as much 
as the fence. 

J. M. G. 

PROBLEM. 

No. 83. 

In turning a one-horse chaise within a 
ring of a certain diameter, it was observed 
that the outer wheel made two turns 
while the inner made but one : the wheels 
were each 4 ft. high and 5 feet apart. 
What was the circumference of the outer 
wheel ? 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 



CI ion hiii Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 



Miss Minnie Burtner, class '91, at 
present residing at West Fairview, 
called on the Society on October 
16th. In her remarks she expressed 
her appreciation of the Society's 
work and her interest in its wel- 
fare. 

We are glad to notice a general 
revival of interest among our ex- 
members, as the Society has receiv- 
ed letters from quite a number of 
them, containing encouragement and 
best wishes for the Society's future. 



70 



Miss Delia Roop spent Sabbath, 
October 22nd, at Union Deposit. 

Miss Anna Brighthill spent the 
23rd at Reading. 

Miss Edith Sherrick, spent Satur- 
day, 31st ult., at Harrisburg. 

Miss Kreider of College Ave., paid 
a visit to the Misses Grittinger, of 
Cornwall, on the 31st ult. Miss 
Kreider had also the pleasure of en- 
tertaining Miss Carrie Fox, of Hum- 
melstown, on the 28th. 

Miss Brighthill visited friends in 
Harrisburg, on the 31st. 

Miss Eby, an ex-member of the 
Society, left for her home on account 
of ill health. We are glad to see her 
with us again and able to resume her 
duties as teacher of music. 

Miss Ida Bowman was the happy 
recipient of a handsome watch, pre- 
sented to her by her parents on her 
birthday. 

Miss Mary Shenk, class '91, visi- 
ted the Society on the 23d inst. 
In addressing the Clionians, she 
said she realized the importance 
of literary work in the society 
and felt she missed an amount 
of information by not attending 
the previous sessions of this year, 
but that her purpose was to be 
present at the remaining sessions. 
She urged the ladies to take a firm 
hold on the work and do it thor- 
oughly. 

We were much pleased to have 
with us at the joint session of the 
Philokosmian and Clionian Literary 
Societies, Miss Hostetter, who was 
visiting Miss Strickler. 

The Clionians were much pleased 
to entertain the Philokosmian s in 
their hall during the joint sessions 
of the two societies. 

The program consisting of an 
oration, address, debate, etc., was 
rendered successfully. How pleas- 
ant was the surprise to us when a 
member of the Philokosmian Society 
informed us that we were invited to 
come to the dining hall, where their 
Society had provided refreshments. 
Gladly did we accept this kind invi- 
tion. As a Society we again desire 
to express our heartfelt thanks to 
the Philokosmian for the kindness 
shown us by them. We feel that on 
account of their presence with us the 
evening was spent profitably and 
very pleasantly. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma nan sine Pulvere. 



The members of the society, with 
no exception, have during the first 
half of this term indeed worked 
faithfully. This must be said in or- 
der to do credit to the members of 
the Kalozetean Literary Society, es- 



pecially the younger portion. The 
society presents to us opportunities 
which if heeded and properly used 
can not help but benefit us. But we 
are so prone to allow these opportu- 
nities to pass unimproved, not only 
those afforded in society, but those 
in general which would be for our 
own good. They come but once to 
us. " The mill never grinds with the 
water that has passed." Should we 
not, while we have these grand privi- 
leges afforded us, leap, as it were, and 
s^ize them, for unless we do they 
certainly will be of no value to us. 
No matter if a young man or woman 
is born and raised in the midst of 
school-houses and college bells, they 
alone will not lead one to success, 
but it is the opportunities therein af- 
forded, which, if used to advantage, 
will tell in after life. It is our duty 
as students to make good use of the 
opportunities here afforded, for the 
days are rapidly passing by and our 
college days will be at an end, when 
we must enlist in the conflict and 
fight the battle of life for ourselves, 
for a great deal depends on how we 
made use of our time when at school. 
There are difficulties to be overcome, 
but these if encountered with a will, 
will add to our equipment, will pre- 
pare us for active service, and they 
warn us to be ready for all struggles 
which shall fall within our pathway, 
As the motto of the society we love 
tells us that " There are no rewards 
without labor," we can not expect to 
be successful unless we do our part 
with all the energy in us. 

At the session of the East German 
Conference, October 3d, Rev. C. A. 
Mutch, of Williamstiown, Pa., was 
elected a trustee of the College. We 
are sure that in selecting Rev. 
Mutch, the conference made a good 
selection. 

Mr. John 0. Mohn spent Sunday, 
October 11th, with his pai-ents at 
Reading. While at home he also 
visited the East Pennsylvania Con- 
ference. He reports having had a 
pleasant time. 

Rev. W. H. Artz, who passed a 
very satisfactory examination, and 
was admitted into the ministry at 
the East German Conference session, 
was appointed by the presiding elder 
of the East Pennsylvania Conference 
to fill a vacancy at Schaeferstown 
circuit. Rev.' Artz preached his 
first sermon on his charge on Satur- 
day evening, October 17th, the quar- 
terly conference meeting being held 
onthel7thand 18th. This field of la- 
bor consists of five appointments ,and 
this, in connection with his work at 
school, will be enough work for Mr. 
Artz. We bespeak for him success 
on this his first field of labor. 

The following was the programme 
for Friday evening, October 30th : 



Biography, Admiral Farragut ; 
dress, Causes that led to the Ch S. t 
War; Address. General G. B. M sese 
Clellan ; Reading, The Battle , ^ 
Lookout Mountain ; Debate, J us t 
solved that U. S. Grant was ^ ers 
Greatest General produced clurii ed h 
the Civil War. ,nte 

The society is under obligatio subs 
to the Philokosmian Literary Soc west 
ty for an invitation to visit them i :leci< 
Friday evening, November 20th. ?ntei 

Mr. H. B. Yohn spent Sunda R< 
November 1st, at his home at Mom y D 
ville, Pa. toiiK 

Mr. Geo. Needy, class '94, spent ie P 1 

few days at his home near Hage 

town, Md. orn 
, . , Re 

v* i s i t t 1 

Philokosmian Literary Societj Jaj 



" Esse Quam ViderV 



>f Tin 

neml 

Friday, the 30th, was the evenif a * 
agreed upon for the Clio-Philo-jor v 
meeting. The P. L. S., however, f| -Mr. 
met in their hall for the transacts ve 1 
of business. c ^ > * 

In the election of officers JaJ^e 
Herr was chosen president. 

Rev. W. W. Friedinger and Ha 
Heberly were initiated to act 
membership. 

Prof. Balm, ex-professor in Di 
inson College, and Prof. McDermi 
were elected to honorary merot 
ship. 

Prof. Lehman spent the evenly ^ 



the 
eo. \ 

ma 
cour 
S. C 
3ss a 
the 
H.E 



of the 23d with us. Professor nef 
fails to give us inspiration and 
couragement. On this occasion 
pleasantly combined humor, 
mendation and advice, which 
enthusiastically received. 

The society is disappointed in 
having members of the faculty c 
in oftener. We are never very f 
ious to be represented in their m 
ings, but we certainly would 



the 



pleased to have the faculty more 



quently represented in ours. 



c"lt£ 

Alton 
en tt 
L.,th 
edit 
es ai 
gen 
ety - 
h ott 
a 



da 



H. U. and H. B. Roop and %| le 
Eshleman witnessed the weddin anc j " 
Miss Ella Deen to Rev. H. D. j v j g 
man, at Middletown, on the 7th g rg) 

Howard Bowman, an ex-men n, aft 
is at present taking a course at !. L # 
Toronto University, Canada, tf'erwi 
he receives his instruction and hilted j 
for one year, free of charge, I erial 
prize for his superior work. It. 

S. C. and Samuel Huber, Il^tw 
Roop, J. D. Rice and H. W. Cd Afi 
enjoyed Saturday, the 17th ulwHch 
the South Mountains, where #pnt, 
spent the day in gathering ehestgunde 

G. K. Hartman spent Sunday^- R 
18th ult., at his home in ShaniH! c ^ e< l 

H. W. Crider reports a ple:ff a 
visit among friends in Harrislf <l ^ e 
on Sunday, the 18th. 




THE COLLEGE FORUM 



11 



t ; A T ue Society has invited the K. L. 
e Cto S. to meet with them in the regular 
B. l\ Mission of November 20th. 
ttle We are all very glad to have with 
e, B us this term one of our former mcm- 
ras tlbers, D. Gr- Kreider, who discontinu- 
duritied his studies about a year ago to 

inter business with his brother. He 
"■atioi subsequently took a trip through the 
y Soonest,- but returned last month having 
hem flecided to finish his course. He 
0th. enters the class of '93. 
3undJ R ev - H. U. Roop, who has recent- 
Mouiy Deen licensed, preached at his 

home on the 11th ult. On the 25tb 
n |e preached both morning and even- 
tL™Pe: at the Methodist Church of 
n Cornwall. 

I Rev. H. M. Miller, an ex-member, 
. jisited friends here on the 28th. 
loCietj James R. Stein, a former member 
„ f the society, who is at present a 
lember of the class of '94 of Frank- 
evenir and Marsnall > spent the Sabbath 
lilojof town P arents - 
, ver g, Mr. Samuel Huber was pleased to 

insa'cti ive a ™^ '' rom nis mother on Fri 
the 30th. 

rs Ja< ^ e were pl eas ed to have with us 
the session of October 16th, Mr 
id Ha e0 " ^ tein » wu0 in nis accustom 
11 act: manner ma( le some earnest and 
icouraging remarks. 

S. C. Huber transacted some bus- 
^ss at his home from the seventh 
the ninth of last month. 
H. B. Roop and D. S. Eshleman 
)resented the interests of The Fo- 
il at the conference at Reading, 
the 9th and 10th of October. 



in Di 

cDermi 
me ml) 



e even 
ssor ne 
n and 

icasion . * ' : 

uor, c mt Session of Clios and Philos. 

vhicb ^bout a year ago, on an occasion 
en the Clios were visiting the P. 
ited in ^.the Living Thoughts contained 
culty 4 edit0rial depicting the advan- 
very s} es ancl importance of the ladies 
meir nr. § entl emen meeting together in 
would !f^' Work ; there competing with 
y more other as the Y do in the class- 
,rn , and as we see them doing 

day in actual life, 
he suggestion was a^ain taken 



irs. 
and 



weddin and fa ^ orablv spoken" of at" the 

he Ytb * J lsit of the socie ty- But the 
1 nrst assumed a tangible form 
ex-mefl n, after some consideration, the 
urseat>. L. appointed a committee to 
iada I fer with the C. L. S., which action 
uand Kited in the rich intellectual and 
harge, I anal feast of Friday evening, the 

life two societies met in the ladies' 
After the election of officers, 
fch Miss Shenk was chosen 
mt, a most successful program 
ihdered. 

Roop, being chosen chaplain, 
Jted the devotional exercises; 
Jg a Psalm, and offeringan earn- 
rayer for the success of the 



ber, 
W. C£ 

nth uij 

where -| 
ig chesl 
Sunda; 
i Sham 
a pie: 
Harris 



The rhetorical program opened 
with a recitation by Miss Erb, who 
recited " Jean Conquest " in a very 
skillful and graceful style. Miss 
Bowman followed with an instru- 
mental solo. 

H. W. Crider gave the advantages 
and disadvantages of the society 
paper, opening with an elegant in- 
troduction scarcely equalled in ora- 
torical effect during the whole per- 
formance, having brought down ap- 
plause which drowned his voice. 

H. TJ. Roop delivered a very care- 
fully prepared and well rendered ora- 
tion on " Educational Advantages," 
tracing briefly the history of schools 
from their infancy to their present 
wide-spread and salutary influence; 
and urging upon each one the duty 
of not only preserving to posterity, 
but augmenting for it, that which 
has been so munificently bequeathed 
to us. 

Miss Wilson followed with a vocal 
solo, the words of which were com- 
posed by Miss Weinman, one of the 
Clionians, who may well feel proud 
of so accomplished a poetess. It 
was an erotic poem based on her 
own experience, and for tenderness 
of expression scarcely excelled by 
master pieces. 

The referred question, " Should 
ministers shave?" was well treated 
by Miss Brighthill, who concluded 
that the razor was not condemned by 
any of the Christian ordinances and 
hence should be used by ministers as 
well as by all men at least three 
times a week ; since otherwise they 
would certainly make " hairy " min- 
isters.* 

Miss Heberly recited " The Three 
Lovers " so successfully that the 
audience was almost continually con- 
vulsed with laughter. Misses Roop 
and Brindel then rendered a very 
creditable instrumental duet. 

The debate, Resolved, That our 
System of Education should be en- 
tirely secular, was earnestly and 
ably contended for on both sides, 
and won by the negative. It was 
followed by a vocal solo by S. H. 
Stein. The paper edited by H. B. 
Roop and Miss Rider was then read 
by the latter. It contained many 
amusing articles. 

The program was concluded with 
the body singing "My Country 'tis 
of Thee." 

After appointing tue officers elect- 
ed as a committee to see after future 
meetings, they adjourned to the 
dining-room where refreshments 
were served by the P. L. S. This 
consisted of ice cream with an as- 

* [Lest the wrong decision of so serious a 
question may mislead some righteous one we 
oiler the iol owiqg criticism : To all who are 
familiar wiin the ten commandments the In- 
validity oi her conclusion is atoneeapparent. 
Miss Brighthill has overlooked that divine 
mandate which dooms the razor to perpetual 
inertness. Is It not said, "Thou shalt not 
Steel? "] 



sortment of cakes and fruit, and of 
course some toast (s). Thus closed 
a meeting which is a step in advance 
for L. Y. C. However doubtfully 
this scheme may have been looked 
upon at its first suggestion, no one 
present could help but acknowledge 
it a grand success. And we can not 
help but believe that our exercises 
always thus conducted would be 
mutually even more advantageous 
than they are at present. 



Our Exchanges. 

The October number of The 
People's Educational Monthly con- 
ducted by the faculty of Shenandoah 
Institute, Va., contains an excellent 
article entitled " Alleghany Confer- 
ence and L. Y. College." We heart- 
ily endorse its sentiment. If Alle- 
ghany Conference is as great a friend 
of education as it professes to be, 
why does it shift its support, every 
few years, from one college to an- 
other? We would suggest that it 
bear in mind the old adage , u a roll- 
ing stone gathers no moss." But, 
judging from the past record of the 
conference, in this respect, we hope 
to see, in the not far distant future, 
its return and cooperation and sup- 
port of Lebanon Yalley College. 

The Ossarixt is a large sixteen 
page paper published by the literary 
societies of Findlay College, Ohio. 
It has taken the place of the Review 
formerly published by the faculty 
and students. We wish the new en- 
terprise abundant prosperity. 

The Asperus published by Denver 
University contains a number of in- 
structive articles, among which is 
a poem " I Doubt It," taken from the 
"College Man," which has amused 
our boys for some time. 



, A .Good One.— One thousand dollars will 
be paid by The Queen to lhe lady or gentleman, 
girl or boy, forming the largest list of English 
words (of not less than four letters ) from the letters 
contained in "Queen Souvenir Spoon." Five hun- 
dred dollars will be paid to the one sending the second 
largest list and one hundred additional good prizes 
given in order of merit. Those sending list must 
enclose $1.00 for one year's subscription to The 
Queen, a large, forty-eight page, family magazine. 
Competitors enclosing fifteen IT. S. two-cenr stamps 
extra to cover expenses of mailing, etc., will receive 
free one of The Queen's elegant Souvenir Spoons of 
Canada. The Queen is the most popular family pub- 
lication and has the largest circulation of any in 
Canada. Sample number with full particulars of 
Competition postpaid for six TJ. S. two-cent stamps. 
Address The Canadian Queen, Toronto, Can. 



KOHLER 




Makes a Specialty of Class Rings, also 
has a Fine Line of Goods Suitable 
for Holiday Presents. 

830 Cumberland St., Lebanon, Pa. 



72 



THE COLLEGE FOKUM. 



Don't Do It. 



Don't suffer with a Cough, Cold, 
Sore Throat, Asthma or any Lung 
or Throat trouble, when you can be 
cured by using 



It never fails to cure the worst 
cases. One or two doses give imme- 
diate relief. Read what Mr. Adam 
Rise, the well-known hatter, of Leb- 
anon, says : 

"I have used Dr. Boss' Cough 
Balsam for Cough and Sore Throat, 
and it has done me more good than 
anything I ever used." 

Adam Rise. 

Prepared only by 

DR. GEO. ROSS & CO., 

Druggists, 

Opposite Court House, - - - Lebanon, Pa. 
Trial Size, 25 cts. Regular Size, $1.00. 



THE! 



$5.00™AGENT8 



A DAY is 
| the LEAST 
MADE by 
Canvassing for Our Superb 

CHRISTMAS BOOK GALLERY 

OP FAMOUS 

BIDA BIBLE ENGRAVINGS. 

HANDSOME OUTFIT mailed on receipt of 
60 cts. Agents wanted everywhere. Very lib- 
eral pay. Send for Outfit and commence 
work at once. One Lady Agent writes: "I 
make over $5.0<i every afternoon I go out. I 
do all my housework in the morning. I will 
have a snug bank account hy Christmas." 

Address HENRY NEIL, ±4 East 14th St., 
New York City. 



G. SHENK 7 

-—^DEALER IN^— 

FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC 




Century Dictionary 



An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the 
English Language, prepared under 
the Superintendence of William 
Dwight Whitney, Ph. D., LL.D., 
Professor of Comparative Philology 
and Sanskrit in Yale University. 



J 

NOTIONS, ETC. 

814 Cumberland Street, 

boots, shoes¥rubbers, 

Trunks and Satchels. 

Tne Largest Assortment, 

The Latest Sty/es, 
The Lowest Prices. 

You are invited to give me a call, 

MILLER'S EAGLE SHOE STORE, 

846 Cumberland Street. 



A Pamphlet containing a number of 
specimen pages will be mailed to any 
address on receipt of ten cents in 
stamps. 



C. H. DAVIS, Mgr., 

1013 -A-rcli Street, 

Philadelphia, Pa. 



Commencement 
Class Day 
Society 
Wedding 
Invitations, 



Visiting Cards 
Plate and 50 for $1.00. 
Address Dies. 
Monograms. 
Coats of Arms. 



THE CHAS. H. ELLIOTT CO. 



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AND 

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912 Filbert Street, 
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Philadelphia, 



WM. WALTZ, 

FASHIONABLE 

Hair-Catting and Shaving Saloon, 

West Main Street, Annville, Pa. 



IF you wish to advertise anything anywhere at any 
I time, write to GEO. P. BOWELL & Co., No. 10 
Spruce Street, New York. 



EVERY one in need if information on the subiect 
of advertising will do well to obtain a copy of 
''Book for Advertisers, " 368 pages, price one dollar. 
Mailed, postage paid, on receipt of price. Contains a 
careful compilation from the American Newspaper 
Directory of all the best papers and class journals • 
gives the circulation rating of every one. and a good 
deal of information about rates and other matters 
pertaining to the business of advertising. Abdress 
ROWELt'S ADVERTISING BUREAU lOSpraw 
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Is Superior and unlike any other plan 
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Actuaries and insurance men gener 
pronounce it the *' acme "of ins urance pli 

Plan circulars wilt be mailed to any one 
request. 

4®=-General and Soliciting Agents war 
throughout the United States. Terms 
perior to those offered by any other comr 
Address, 

H. V. MQHN, Pres't. 

15 North Fifth Street, 

Reading, Peni 



THE NEW WEB! 



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SUCCESSOR OF THE UNABRIhilc 

Re-edited and Reset from Cover to(J alo; 
FULLY ABREAST OF THE TIMES 



WEBSTER'S ' 
INTERNATIONA 
DICTIONARY 

A GRAND INVESTME 

For the Family, the School or th( l °us 



The work of revision occupied over t« 
than a hundred editorial laborers habere 
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Critical comparison with any Dictio 

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A descriptive pamphlet containings] 
illustrations, extracts from critical re 
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Caution is needed in purchasing a diet 
graphic reprints of an obsolete and compai 



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representation. 



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rai 



VOL. IV. No. 10. 



Lebanon Valley College 



EDITORS. 



FG If UK 

rev inti 
the 

Lty of j 

>r plan j_ 
enefits 
nsuran 
aitees 
Is duri 

EDITOR IN CHIEF. 
nceplaH. Clay Deaner, A. M., Professor of Latin, 
nyone FACULTY, 
ts want E - Bbnj - Bierman, A. M.. President. 
Cerms 1 1. E. Lehman, A.M., Professor of Mathematics. 
eompai|ii8s Sarah M. Sherrick, Ph. B., 

Professor of English Language. 
ev. J. A. McDermad, A. M., 

Professor of Greek and Natural Science, 
iss Carrie G. Eby, 

Professor of Piano and Voice, 
iss Ella Moyer, Professor of Harmony, 
iss Emma E. Dittmar, Professor of Art. 

B\ SOCIETY EDITORS, 
tflionian Society— Miss Anna R. Forney. 
IN ABRFWlokosmian Society— D. Albert Kreider. 
:over to (Jaiozetean Society— Elmer L. Haak. 
HE TIME 



ANNVILLE, PA., DECEMBER, 1891. 



Whole No. 46. 




ASSOCIATE EDITORS. 

C. HUBER. 

B. Roop. 
. E. Heilman. 



PUBLISHING AGENT. 
Clay Deaner. 



: All communications or items of news 

ONA" 0111 ' 1 be 8e,lt to tlie Editor in Chief. Sub- 
jriptions should he sent to the Pnblish- 

\ T>Y' g A S ent - 

-tO!VX|THE COLLEGE FORUM will be sent 
ionthly for one school year on receipt of 
^^»enty-five cents. Subscriptions received at 



By time. 



STME 



ol or tb«r bli shing Agent. 



1 over t« - 

,rers haltered at the Post Office at Annville, Pa. 



>ended 
y Dictio 
KSELLf 
ainings] 
iticalre 
Eree upo 

Tdict 



For terms of advertising, address the 



as second-class mail matter. 



EDITORIAL. 



d !o a m$ The N ew Year reception will be 
keteduadld on the evening of January 9th, 
5m 8 to 10. 



HTE 



3 EST, 

l bears tni 

I as?.' 1 1 THE excellent success of the musi- 
1 recitals during the term is but 
other evidence of the thoroughness 
tn e department. 

The Fall term is about coming to 
close, and while we are writing 
Se lines, a Committee of the 
jlty is busily at work arranging 
Igram of examination. 



159. 



University Extension course 
faglish Literature at Lebanon 
Jegin in January, 1892, and be 
^ered by Prof. Wm. Clarke Rob- 
i,M. A., Ph. D. 



Good New Year advice — " Do not 
wait for extraordinary opportunities 
for good actions, but make use of 
common situations." 

" Good examples and good train- 
ing will not make any one good." 

" Be sure and remember that the 
best men always make themselves." 



We are proud of our new depot. 
It is a handsome Gothic frame 
structure, supplied with comforable 
seats, well lighted, and heated by a 
furnace in the cellar. A covered 
platform extends all around the 
building. In every way it is ar- 
ranged for the convenience of the 
traveling public. 



The Pennsylvania Chautauqua, at 
Mt. Gretna, has about materialized. 
Within a short time the charter will 
be secured. There will be a thousand 
shares of stock at ten dollars a share. 
The courses are being arranged and 
will cover about the same ground as 
that at Chautauqua. Accommoda- 
tions will be first-class, and, consid- 
ering the healthful surroundings, no 
better place can be selected to spend 
several weeks during the summer. 

Robert Brightbill, son of Mau- 
rice and Millie Brightbill, passed qui- 
etly away on Thursday morning, the 
10th inst., aged 2 years, 1 month and 
9 days. Robert was a lovely child 
and beloved by all who knew him. 
The loss of such a sweet child was al- 
most more than parents and grand- 
parents could bear. It is hard to 
part with our dear ones, but what 
comfort to know that God has taken 
them to beautify heaven. 



If every friend of the college 
would secure a student, our halls 
would be crowded. If the securing 
of a student is not possible, you can 
turn the attention of young people 



to the college and send their names 
to the President, who will gladly 
solicit their attendance. The send- 
ing of a name may seem an insignifi- 
cant thing, but who knows but that 
may be the means of getting that one 
to college who otherwise ' may never 
have come. 

The time for squaring accounts 
has arrived. What anxiety till it is 
known that the credit side exceeds 
the debit. Failures have been made. 
Adventures have not proven as wise 
as they hoped to be. You m&y not 
have accumulated much. Your ex- 
penditures may have exceeded the 
receipts. With it all, you have many 
reasons to be thankful. If you are 
wise, you will get happiness from 
what you aft, rather than from what 
you have gained. You surety are 
wiser, for your experiences. 



Our beautiful town has made 
marked improvements during the 
year. A very good supply of spring 
water has been brought from north 
of the town, with sufficient force to 
reach the highest buildings in case of 
fire. The shirt factory, established 
by our own citizens, is meeting with 
excellent success, and receiving the 
universal approval of all firms who 
have patronized it. The electric 
railway, which unites us with the 
city of Lebanon, is perhaps the 
greatest stride towards progress. 
The advantages are very great, and 
much appreciated by our citizens. 



The attendance of students was 
fully up to the average of the Fall 
term for the last twenty years. The 
work of student and teacher will 
compare favorably with any term 
in the history of the college. 

The order was highly commend- 
able throughout. 

The Winter term will open on 



74 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



Monday, January 4, 1892, at three 
o'clock in the afternoon, and the 
prospects for an attendance equal, 
if not above the average, are very 
good. 

Nearly all those in attendance 
during the past term have arranged 
to return, and a respectable number 
of new students have engaged rooms. 



With this number, volume IV is 
completed. We have been greatly 
encouraged by the noble responses 
of our friends. Our subscription 
list has grown, and we have kept 
our old friends, and added many new 
ones, whose friendship we trust has 
been mutually beneficial. The many 
kind words have been greatly appre- 
ciated. It is our purpose to reach 
monthly not less than one thousand 
homes. If any of our readers can 
aid us in securing subscriptions, we 
will greatly appreciate that kind- 
ness, and shall take it as an evidence 
of your deep interest in Christian 
culture and in Lebanon Valley Col- 
lege. This will make The Forum 
better than ever in its history. Be- 
sides giving full and faithful ac- 
counts of the work being done at the 
college, and of her graduates, there 
will be contributions each month on 
the various phases of our educa- 
tional work, and on topics that are 
of a national character. The first of 
a series of articles on the money 
side of an education appears in this 
number, which is worthy of a most 
careful reading. We wish our many 
friends a " Merry Christmas and a 
Happy New Year." 

Dr. Caroline E. Hastings, of the 
special committee of Boston, ap- 
pointed to consider the physical ef- 
fects upon pupils of sitting side wise 
while writing, reports that the com- 
mittee can see no lasting nor serious 
ill effects upon the present position, 
and that the relation of windows to 
desks, and the style of desks in use, 
render it necessary for pupils to as- 
sume the sidewise position. 



Clionian Anniversary. 

The Clionians celebrated their 
eighteenth anniversary on Thanks- 
giving evening. During the morn- 
ing flakes of snow fell ; in the after- 
noon it rained. The inauspicious 
weather had no effect upon the faith- 
ful ex-members, as a larger number 
than usual*was present. 

The chapel was more than filled ,as 



some had to stand. The decorations 
were in accordance to the ladies' fine 
taste. In the recess, in the rear of 
the rostrum, hung their motto," Vir- 
tute et Fide: 1 The statue of Mi- 
nerva, the Goddess of Wisdom, gave 
a classic air to the rostrum. 

Amid enthusiastic applause, 
promptly at 7:30 the officers and 
performers were ushered in. The 
President, Miss Anna R. Forney, 
'92, in most fitting language wel- 
comed the audience. The following 
programme was rendered : 
Piano Duet— "Overture Oberon," Weber. 
Misses Roop and Brindel. 

Invocation— Rev. H. B. Spayd. 

Historian— Miss Elvire Stehman. 

Piano Solo— "Valse de Conceit," 

Wieniawski. 
Miss Annie Brightbill. 
Oration — "Once Upon a Time," 

Miss Lillie Rice. 

Vocal Solo—" lima, " Ardite. 

Miss Anna Wilson. 
Essay — "Cooperation," Miss Lulu Baker. 

Piano Solo — "Caprice," Rubinstein. 

Miss Elvire Stehman. 
Critique—" The Light of the World," 

Sir Edwin Arnold. 
Miss Maggie Strickler. 
Vocal Solo— " Hearest Thou ?" . .Mattel 

Miss Carrie Eby. 
Eulogy — "Mrs. Lucy Webb Hayes," 

Miss Anna Grove. 
Piano Duet — "Overture Rosamunde," 

Schubert. 
Misses Baker and Bowman. 

Miss Stehman was most happy in 
the pleasing manner in which she 
chronicled the Society's inception, 
marked growth and present at- 
tainments. Twenty - eight active 
workers are upon the roll, who dis- 
cuss such grave questions as " Should 
Women Vote, Preach, Do the Pro- 
posing?" "Is Conscience an Infal- 
lible Guide ? " etc. 

Miss Rice very beautifully showed 
that one to keep apace with the pres- 
ent age must be progressive. The 
law of nature itself implies growth. 
Whenever growth ceases there is de- 
ca} r . A nation to be progressive 
must be extremely liberal or con- 
servative. Institutions which have 
served their purpose give way to 
new ones. As with institutions, so 
with individuals ; hence the great 
demand for new talents. 

The essay on " Cooperation," by 
Miss Baker, was sprightly and full of 
good common sense. After showing 
it to be a moving force in progress, 
she showed its relation to capital and 
labor, and in domestic affairs. 

M iss Striekler's critique was in 
many respects unique. The analysis 
was in the main careful. The criti- 
cism was timely and showed a famil- 
iarity with the subject. 

Miss Grove, the biographer, was 
quite eloquent in reviewing the life 
and deeds of America's greatest 
self - sacrificing women. America, 
above all other nations, is blessed 
with intelligent and virtuous women. 
None ever presided at the home of 



the Executive of this great nati 
with greater dignity and grace ; ri 
ever did more to promote virtue j P ros 
secure greater honor and resp rec0 
from the American people. exei 
The music was so good that itf a11 
but just to say that all acquit 
themselves excellently. The suet nva 
of this anniversary brings greater ,con 
sponsibilities if you wish to main] 10 , 
your high standard among the so , 
ties of the College. Ecce Clioi 

urk( 

Thanksgiving. lose 
Again were we permitted to en ene( 
the pleasures and services of ano( ear 
Thanksgiving day. A day in wl f e€ 
the regular routine of college dn u fc j 
were suspended. A day given to )r th 
joyment — the meeting of friends a Hy 
the giving of thanks for past mer 
and blessings, both positive 
negative. Union services wereiOE! 
in chapel at 9:30 a. m. Quiti 
number of citizens and studi 
were present. The service was 
gun by singing, " All Hail the Po i 
of Jesus' Name." Rev. Heberly .p^ 
for a scripture lesson the 98th ag 



banc 
)ntei 
>ursi 



100th Psalms, after which Rev, 
wars, offered an earnest prayer, 
pastor, Rev. H. B. Spayd, ha 
charge of the service, gave thei iest j 
tory of the birth of this institn ■ ^ 
saying that it sprang spontaneo e j ni 
from the circumstances of the e ^ 
grims, and from their habit of ,p 0r 
scious gratitude. This servi< uca j 
praise, offered in our churches ar i n 
in our homes, has the same si • C0] 
cance to-day that it had to those e or 
first joined in its celebration. | e f 
so long as the promise holds | 8erv 
and the seed time and harvest d ^tioi 
fail, abundant reasons will be pr| [u ar j 
to the minds of all why this o e qi 
vance should be devoutly and l io it 
ously kept. He also spoke o r, be 
President's message. ce al 

Rev. Parsons, of Burlington peric 
mont, who is conducting Evang< e ca 
meetings in the Lutheran ch mpu 
spoke next. His remarks wer an 
of devotion, patriotism and tb ualb 
giving, etc. He said that in the > jt§ 
England States they made mo anin 
Thankgsiving day. Family reu mot 
and large public celebrations a r 
held. ich c 

Rev. I. H. Albright, "76, of poss 
spoke of some of the reasons cam 
we should direct our thoughts t f n \\ 
Giver of every good and perfec ctioi 
In the full harvests of the ye full 
could see the wonderful disjl denl 
God's power and beneficence. Went 
He provided for our wants. tl||i, \ V 
should give more of our sulJ||cal 
to the cause of Christ, for itHiid 
alone whogiveth the increase. Hftec 
all could see in the fruits (jjp'ai 
earth alone great cause for tip j 
giving. . V •••• 

Rev. Lewars said that as a Aw- 



15 



nati 



"keace is within our borders and 

«nty within our palaces. The 

unusually 
that often 
That while 



[' prosperity within our [ 
. records of the year are unusually 
;S P jxempt from calamities that often 



. ?- a ii upon communities. That while 
c uit i7alS ' P es ^ ence ' an( ^ famines have 



suco 
uter 



nvaded other shores, they have not 
courged us, not because we have 



communities. 



iiot deserved them, but because of 
j lie Lord's long-suffering, gentleness 
'■f S0 md forbearance. He spoke about 
LI0! he troubles with Turkey, not roast 
urkey and cranberry sauce. Thus 
losed an interesting service with the 

e t enediction. May each returning 
anot ear bring to us, as a people, a day 
n \vl f general thanksgiving and praise, 
e du u t let not our hearts fail to pour 
m to )r th gratitude and praise to God 

oily for all His abounding mercies. 

■ met XT. 
ive * • 

ere (WES IT PAY TO EDUCATE ? 

Quiti : 

stud I. The Individual. 
was 

ie Po PROF. J. A. MCDERMAD, A. M. 

fsi\ ^ S * s a ( l uest ^ 0n whLh in this 
)bth j g y age is apt t0 con f ront the 

KeY )ung man or young lady who is 
y er> mtemplating the prospe : ct of a 
> na mrse of liberal education. This 

■ the lestion may perhaps cause a sense 
stitui' bodeful anxiety in the mind of 
ianej e individual as he or she stands at 

the e threshold of deciding this most 
t ot . iportant subject of securing an 
ed ucation. The question in all its 
ches aring S cannot be answered fully 
ie sl ' considering the subject in only 
:host e or two of itg bearings, or in the 
)n - ief space of a printed page, but 
j serves a higher and wider consid- 
3st a xtion. A few points, however, we 
pa mark here. As this question is a 
h" e question to the individual, so 
"id 1 io it is a life question to him or 
ke olr, because it touches in its indu- 
ce all the possible as well as actual 
gton, periences of which life is capable, 
rangl e cannot at any one time fully 
n cb mpute or comprehend the value 

1 wer an education, for its value con- 
id tin ually expands and increases, as 
intUI itself unfolds and exhibits its 
e mo aning and attributes. As we ' 
y refl mot at any one time fully ascer- 
tions a or comprehend the conditions 

ich govern and constitute life and 
>, of possibilities and prerogatives, so 
asons cannot at any one time estimate 
jhts full value and utility of those 
'elections and conditions upon which 
ie ye lull and complete value is de- 
disp (lent. It has something trans- 
Rent and incommensurable in its 
| which possesses a worth that 
ptlculable and indefinable and 
■ich every new meaning and ex- 
|ce of our lives gives a new 
and prerogative. Its compu- 
ls ^ like those problems of 
maties called increasing series, 
ftich every now value assumed 



ts, t 
' su 
>r it 
ease 
lits 
for t 

as a 



for the exponent gives also a corres- 
ponding power to the value of its 
increment. Thus whatever value 
you may give to life itself, all its 
factors, powers and conditions have 
an increment corresponding to the 
assumed increment of its function. 

Almost every young man and young 
lady with a healthy mental and moral 
constitution, has aspirations and 
motives which reach out beyond the 
status of their present attainments 
and capacities. How to reach the 
acme of their possibilities and the 
full measure of their faculties and 
talents is to every one a matter of 
supreme importance. Between the 
actual possessions and enjoyments 
and the ideal prospects and visions 
of every energetic, ardent youth 
there is, and should be, a wide chasm. 
To cross this chasm and make the 
ideal and possible to be the actual 
and real, constitutes the master 
problem of every efficient career. It 
is in this fact alone that life reaches 
the true exalted height of its powers, 
the ideal of its visions, the goal of 
its ambitions and the consummation 
of its hopes. 

Life stretches out before the eye 
of the youth in ever widening cir- 
cles and increasing prospects, as he 
looks out upon the issues and events. 
It is full of visions, inspirations, ex- 
pectation and aspirations, but is not 
itself a vision or a dream, but a 
reality, a solid, substantial, eternal 
reality, on which to the individual 
all other realities depend. To every 
one the possibilities and realities of 
life must come, and must be met for 
better or for worse, for advantage or 
detriment, for happiness or misery. 
The question now arises, how- 
does education help the individual 
to meet these responsibilities and to 
achieve and attain the ends set be- 
fore him. We answer that it does 
so by lifting him up to the full meas- 
ure and efficiency of all his powers. 
The trite saying of Bacon : " Knowl- 
edge is power," is preeminently true. 
It is not something externally ap- 
pended toman's condition, but a full 
and symmetrical exercise and de- 
velopment of those faculties which 
are inherent in the individual endow- 
ment and which, when properly 
trained and cultured, result in the 
highest degree of power to achieve. 
As we have said above, life is a 
reality, so likewise its accomplish- 
ments and acquisitions are realities. 
They are not the results of idleness 
or theoretical vaporizing, but of 
action, of continued, persistent, em- 
phatic action, that action in which the 
individual himself is involved, and 
his energies employed. Matthew Ar- 
nold says : " Nine-tenths of all that 
men call genius is work." This be- 
ing true, whatever tends to increase 
the individual's efficiency and to aug- 



ment his attainments, thereby guar- 
antees to him the highest measure 
of success, and makes his labors of 
the greatest practical utility to him- 
self and the world. Cicero s&ys : 
" If to native ability there is added 
education, there is wont to come 
forth something eminently unique 
and illustrious." Power lies in its 
inceptive state to a larger or smaller 
extent in every individual endow- 
ment and qualification, but it is the 
province of education to develop 
and direct it. If so developed it re- 
sults in a fully cultured and disci- 
plined nature which is God's greatest 
gift. Education is but the proper 
development and legitimate expan- 
sion of the talents which God has 
given to us, and which is designed 
to cause them to yield the largest 
returns to both the individual and 
the creator. But whatever increases 
man's individual usefulness and 
efficiency also in the same degree 
increases the value of his services to 
others, and it is in this sense that 
education should and does pay the 
individual financially. Educated 
talent is always at a premium. Im- 
provement is the spirit of every pro- 
ject and enterprise of the present 
age as perhaps never before, and why 
should not the education and im- 
provement of individual talent be 
considered as being commensurate 
in importance and even in financial 
value with that of all other species 
of improvement ? Brain is conquer- 
ing brute force, and intellect is sub- 
jecting matter to man in every phase 
and department of industry and 
progress ; and man is rising still 
higher in intellectual ascendency 
and conquest. This fact indicates 
plainly that man in the future is to 
sway the sceptre of his superiority 
by the conquering power of his in- 
tellect rather than by grosser meth- 
ods of toil which characterized him 
in his more primitive state. This 
being true, it must also be true that 
his future condition and circum- 
stances in life depend very largely 
on the proper development and use 
of his faculties. The world needs 
you at your best, either in the pulpit, 
at the desk, at the bar of justice, in 
the chair of state, or behind the 
plough ; and he who engages in 
either of these pursuits with his 
talents well cultured and faculties 
and endowments developed is apt 
to reap larger returns, other things 
being equal, than he who does not. 
The world is full of examples of 
this kind, and we have but to open 
our eyes to see them. Many are the 
illustrious names on the records of 
history, as well as at the present 
day, who have risen from obscurity 
and poverty to eminence and dis- 
tinction by means of a liberal educa- 
tion. Charles Sumner, whose name 



16 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



stands as a conspicuous monument 
in the annals of American history 
for the part he took in the great 
cause of emancipation, was a son of 
parents in moderate circumstances. 
He, however, received a thorough 
education at Hartford University 
and Law School, supplemented by 
instruction from the eminent J udge 
Story, after which his magnificent 
talents soon won for him distinction. 
He rose rapidly from one position to 
another, until'lie reached the high 
position of a member of the United 
States Senate, of which he remained 
a member until his death. Another 
illustrious character and one that 
will live in the history of this nation 
is that of James A. Garfield, the 
statesman and martyr. Of him Los- 
sing says : " Probably our country 
has~never produced a more perfectly 
rounded character, physically, intel- 
lectually and morally, than that of 
James A. Garfield. His early years 
were spent in comparative obscurity 
doing manual labor in Ohio. His 
college course at Hiram College, 
however, gave him a start in the 
world and a consciousness of his 
powers, and from this period, he rose 
from one eminence to another until 
he was honored with the highest 
office within the gift of his country." 
In literature the names of Bryant, 
Taylor, Emerson and Hawthorn, 
and a host of others might be men- 
tioned, which shine as brilliant lights 
in the constellation of American 
authorship. The name of Mrs. 
Harriet Beecher Stowe is well-known 
to every one from the perusal of 
Uncle Tom's Cabin, whose pages so 
signally stirred the homes and hearts 
of the people of this country and 
others in the great cause of liberty 
and emancipation. This book alone 
brought the author such a degree of 
financial prosperity and remunera- 
tion as to render her most independ- 
ent for the rest of her life. So we 
might mention hundreds of names 
in which education has signally and 
abundantly repaid the individual, 
and has a hundred fold repaid the 
sum expended for its attainment. 



J. G. Keedy, '89, who is pursuing 
his post-graduate studies at Yale, is 
managing- editor of The College 
Man, the organ of the University. 

Rev. S. D. Faust, '89, pastor of 
Memorial church, Harrisburg, is now 
absent from his congregation on ac- 
count of failing health. At present 
he is in Virginia. He may take a 
trip West, and spend the winter in 
Colorado. 

R. S. Harp, '89. spent a few days 
with friends in Annville during his 
Thanksgiving vacation. Mr. Harp 
has been attending lectures in Co- 
lumbian University the past year, 
and will graduate from its law de- 
partment this year. 

Rev. A. A. Long, '89, whose wed- 
ding was announced in our last num- 
ber^ was given a liberal donation, 
Thanksgiving day, by his congrega- 
tion at Highspire. 

Miss Nettie Swartz, '88, of New 
Oxford, Pa., spent several weeks 
with friends at Annville during the 
past month, and was present at the 
Clionian anniversary. 

Miss Carrie Smith, '91, of Camp 
Hill, Pa., who was in attendance at 
the ladies' anniversary, spent a week 
with friends at L. V. C. 

Misses Quigley and Burtner, '91, 
were among the many ex-members 
present at the Clio, anniversary. 

Miss Mary Shenk, '91, is at pres- 
ent taking 'post-graduate work in 
art at the college. 



MATHEMATICAL OORNEE 



All communications for this departmen, 
should be addressed to Professor of 1 
Mathematics, Lebanon Valley 
College, Annville, Pa. 

Some of our correspondents ej 
pressed a desire for " something 
do " in the line of problems. % 
understand it as a gentle hint 
something a little more difficuS 
We have not made the problem 
difficult because we do not want 
puzzle. The object of the " corner 
is rather to aid the teacher and ei 
courage the average student than 
furnish amusement to the special^ 
We give a few in this number tl 
may require some effort and furnij 
a little mental gymnastics. Noi 
friends, let us hear from you. 

No. 83 was neatly solved, and 
lution appears below. The probl^ 
should have read " what was the 
cumference of the circle descrilj 
by the outer wheel ?" 

SOLUTIONS. 

No. 83. 

Since the outer wheel makes two tu 
while the inner makes one turn, the on 
wheel must be twice as far from the o 
tie as the inner wheel. Hence, 2X5- 
feet, radius of circumference made 
outer wheel, and 20X3.1416=62.832 
cumference made by outer wheel. 

J. M. 

PROBLEMS. 

No. 84 



PERSONALS. 



Two horses are in strength as 3 to Thei 
how must their double-tree of 3| fed an( j 



Our Alumni. 



Rev. J. H. Albright, '76, spent a 
few days at the L. V. C. during last 
month taking examinations in the 
Ph. D. course. 

Rev. C. A. Burtner, '78, of York 
Second church, also took a series of 
examinations in the post-graduate 
course during the last month. Mr. 
Burtner will complete his work this 
year. 

W. H. Hain, '88, paid his " alma 
mater " a visit Thanksgiving Day. 
Mr. Hain is meeting with marked 
success in his law practice, at Har- 
rieburgr. 



[ Any announcement of Personals in So- 
ciety items will not be repeated here.] 

Rev. H. B. Dohner, P. E., of Lan- 
caster, conducted chapel services on 
the 1st inst. Rev. H. B. Spayd, our 
pastor, was also present. 

President Bierman was at Berne, 
Pa., on the 14th and 15th of last 
month. He was called there by the 
illness of his aged mother. 

Prof. J. A. McDermad and wife 
visited friends at Gettysburg the 
middle of last month. 

Mr. Kalbach, of Hamburg, Pa., 
called on friends here on the 24th ult. 

Messrs. Whitmoyer and Wilson, 
of Harrisburg, spent a few hours 
here while on their way from Lehigh 
University to enjoy Thanksgiving 
Day at home. 

Prof. C. J. Walters, of Highspire, 
enjoyed the recent National holiday 
with friends at this place. 

Miss Clara Grove, of Coatesville, 
spent the closing days of last month 
with her sister, Miss Anna. 

Prof. G. W. Bowman and family 
left for Rover's Ford on the 28th ult. 
The professor formerly occupied the 
chair of natural science in the col- 
lege. The best wishes of their many 
friends accompany them to their 
future home. 



length be divided that they may d 
evenly ? 
No. 85. 

Two men and a boy dig a field of p Cnn < 
toes for ten dollars . The men can dig 
potatoes as fast as the boy can pull 
vines ; or one man can pull the vines i 
third faster than the other man and 
can dig the potatoes. Now divide 
money. 
No. 86. 

A river is running at the rate of 3 « Jn thu 
per hour, and a man spends one ho« ■ 
rowing down stream ; he then walksl ^ 
by a semi-circular road to the stai 
point, ; if it be given that the course kUl 
river is straight, that the circumfei Wlildi 
of a circle is 2 r 2 of its diameter, that r 
man can walk 4 miles while he rj 
and that he is gone altogether U- W f 
find his rate of rowing, his rate ot 1 
ing, and the whole distance traveled 



re 



Pf 



The Nuptials. 

At 5:45 Wednesday evening- 
cember 9, 1891, amid the blowU £ 
whistles, and the shouts of merrj ^J® 
and lasses, the city of Lebanon 
beautiful Annville for his 1 
' Hope deferred " had almost ! [8 J« 
the most sanguine despair of 
ever being a nuptial. When th 
looked-for event took place, f " e s ; 
turned out en masse to proclaj ,e » a 
happy union and join in its c| 'Cai 
tion. The twain is one. Mai so,, 
in beauty grow, and dwell in pf n f 
harmony and love. Wiu 



a 



h 
r< 

en 
ti 
ill 
tin 
in 
Fi 
a 
mt 

in 
like 
crc( 

wor 
yon 
decc 

has 
latir 
into 



and 
W 



turn 



the 5 
tet o 
the s 
merit 
ihe a 



Th( 
lect 
ibove 
►uild 
lent 
ving 
" fori 
It if 



eopU 
" ,00 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



11 



EB 



of 



KATAKEKOMMENA. 



s ex 

t fq 

licui 

ble 

ant 

met 

nd e 

ban 

cialj 

jr t 

'urn 

and 
robl 
the 
scri 



wo tu 
the o 
the 

ax , 

made I 



832 



Thanksgiving in retrospect; Christ- 
mas in prospect. 

One of our visitors remarks that 
Thanksgiving was an occasion of the 
"renewal of strength." 

Young man, hold fast the potent 
scepter of social power ( ? ) — a bril- 
liant ring, an overcoat gorgeous in 
respect to a chequered interior. 

Our genial friend, Harry of '92, 
leads in the selection of tasty ties — 
red, then blue, in lo} r al succession. 

Brief notes from a diary : Chapel 
exercises Thursday morning; a sump- 
tuous turkey dinner counteracts all 
ill effects of the morning's exertions ; 
the delights of the evening are writ 
in my " soul's book of memories." 
Friday, by request, president grants 
a holiday ; evening, grand entertain- 
ment ; day closes sereneby. 

Americans shouldn't be too severe 
in their denunciations of Russia, We 
likewise are now endeavoring to co- 
erce Turkey ( turkey ). 

Take care how you arrange the 
worn finger tips of kid gloves when 
you are desirious of making pocket 
decorations of them. 

The warmth of Sophomore zeal 
has kindled into that bright scintil- 
lating ardor that must reflect terror 
into the hearts of rival classes. 
J 3 . J'Their newly adopted colors of lilac 
imy2 and Iavender were tastefully chosen. 
What barber so inhuman as to 
turn so exordine the few flaxen 
crines of one of our youths ? 
The entertainment given here on 
e 25th ult. by the Imperial Quar- 
>t of Boston added new trophies to 
the splendid reputation they so well 
erit. The highest appreciation of 
he audience was evinced by a lively 
'nthusiasm and repeated encoring. 
The Exposition Committee on 
"lh tricity have decided to place 
3uvseot b ove the entrance of the electricity 
cumfefuilding the name of all the promi- 
3 r, thatpent electricians except those now 
IVl "g- Franklin will head the list 
1 torty-one names. 
It; is estimated that the American 
ieo Ple pay annually for coffee 
5 °00,000, $13,000,000 of which 
I Paid for roasted and ground 
m heans, rye or a manufactured 
lc je in no way resembling the 
r azdian berry. This is in addition 
the amount paid for the so-called 
i^ttee substitutes," estimated at 
I2 >000,000. 

^he bee, it is said, can draw twenty 
ies Us own weight and fly four 
I an hour. 

pn't thou guide A returns with 
™S? " I) r . Elkin, the astrono- 
n Yale, by a long series of ob- 
ition on its parallax, has cou- 



ld of 
an di 
l pull 
vines 
q and 
divide 



5 of 3 
ne ho 
walks 
he sta 



he ro 

,te of 
L-aveled 



-ening 
blowi 
' merr 
banon 

his 
nost 
ur of 
lien tl 
Lace, 
>rocla 

its c 
Ma 
ill in 



the 



165. 



eluded that it moves with a velocity 
of 381 miles per second. That is, be- 
tween two ticks of a watch it would 
travel the distance between London 
and Edinborough. He also finds 
that its light traveling 19,000 miles 
per second, reaches us in 181 years. 

Notwithstanding the apparent mo- 
nopoly and exorbitancy of price 
allowed the patentee, Edison sin- 
cerely declares that he believes that 
he would be $600,000 " better off " 
had he never taken out a single pat- 
ent. The inventions of merit, he 
says, are always stolen, and litiga- 
tions are prolonged by means of 
legal artifice and the crowded dock- 
ets of the courts until the infringer 
has made his fortune. 

A commission of French archi- 
tects and archaeologists has been 
appointed to explore Sardis, the 
capital of ancient Lydia and resi- 
dence of the wealthy Croesus. 

It is said that the royalties from 
the sale of Moody and Sankey's fa- 
mous Gospel Hymns have amounted 
to $1,200,000, all of which has been 
devoted to charitable purposes. 

Foot ball accidents or, prop- 
erly speaking, the more unpleasant 
concomitants of the game, are very 
popular at this season. Fortunatelv 
our students are " not in it." 

News from the College Man : The 
college men of the United States are 
but a smairfraction of one per cent, 
of the voters, yet they hold 58 per 
cent, of the highest offices. 

The Freshman class at Princeton 
numbers 325. 

American colleges derive about 
two-fifths of their income from stu- 
dents, while English universities 
only one-tenth from the same source. 

An examination in gymnastics is 
now required of Johns-Hopkins un- 
dergraduates before a degree is con- 
ferred. 

The Italian government has order- 
ed English to be added to the courses 
of all its colleges. 

William Astor has promised $1,- 
000,000 to endow a negro university 
in Oklahoma. 

Of the late Bishop Ames the fol- 
lowing anecdote is told : While pre- 
siding bishop over a certain confer- 
ence in the West a member began a 
tirade against universities and edu- 
cation, thanking God that he had 
never been corrupted by contact 
with a college. After proceeding 
thus for a few minutes, the Bishop 
interrupted with the question : " Do 
I understand that the brother thanks 
God for his ignorance ?" " Well, yes," 
was the answer, " you can put it that 
way if you want* to." " Well, all I 
have to say," said the Bishop in his 
sweet, musical tone, " all that I have 
to say is that the brother has a good 
deal to thank God for." 



LITERARY SOCIETIES. 
Clionian Literary Society. 

Virtute et Fide. 



Miss Stehman sp*ent Sabbath, No- 
vember 1st, at her home. 

Miss Maggie Baltzell, of Reading, 
being at Lebanon in the interest of 
the Y. P. C. U., paid a visit to Miss 
Delia Roop, November 4th. 

Miss Lillian Quivley, class '91, 
also having attended the Y. P. C. U., 
at Lebanon, called on Miss Weinman. 

Miss Bertha Ranck, of Lebanon, 
spent Sabbath, November 8th, among 
friends in the Hall. 

Misses Weinman, Strickler, Baker 
and Roof, spent Tuesday, November 
3d, at Lebanon. 

We were much grieved to part 
with Miss Klinger from our number, 
as she was obliged to return to her 
home on account of ill health. Hav- 
ing always been a zealous worker, 
we naturally feel that her absence is 
a loss to the society. We hope she 
is improving in health. 

The Misses Mumma, on account ot 
the removal of their parents to Hum- 
melstown, have engaged rooms in 
the Ladies' Hall for the remainder 
of the year. 

Miss King, who recently joined 
the society, has left for her home, to 
remain, as she is unable to follow 
literary pursuits on account of fail- 
ing health. 

We were pleased to have with us 
Messrs. S. C. Huber, S. Huber, Stein, 
Scot, Yohn and D. G. Kreider, dur- 
ing the session of society, November 
13th. Among the interesting sub- 
jects on the program for the evening 
was a discussion, Resolved, That 
Divorce is justifiable. The debate, 
Resolved, That Love is mightier 
than Money, was decided in favor of 
the affirmative. 

Miss Kreider, of College Avenue, 
spent the evening of November 11th 
in Hummelstown, at a party given 
by Miss Fox. Miss Kreider enjoyed 
a visit from Miss Fox, November 26. 

Miss Ida Bowman, treasurer of 
the C. L. S., left this place in com- 
pany with her parents for Royer's 
Ford, on Friday, November 27th. 
We are sorry she could not remain 
among us, as we need active and 
earnest workers, like her, in the so- 
ciety. We had hoped to persuade 
her to remain by presenting to her 
the advantages afforded her by com- 
pleting her musical course this year, 
which she was capable of doing, but 
such inducements appeared of no 
avail, as she thought it advisable to 
accompany her parents. She expect s 
to continue her studies in the High 
School of that place* 



78 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



The C. L. S. held its eighteenth 
anniversary, November 26th. The 
College Chapel was filled with 
people, which was very encourag- 
ing to the speakers. The exer- 
cises were apparently enjoyed 
by every one. Amidst congratula- 
tions and best wishes for the societ}^ 
new resolutions were made by some 
to put forth more earnest endeavors 
to advance the interests of the society. 

Miss Nettie Swartz, class '88, 
spent some time in visiting Miss 
Shenk. She is at present engaged 
in teaching music at her home in 
New Oxford. 

Miss Burtner, class '91, enjoyed a 
few days visiting Miss Wolf. 

Miss Stehman pleasantly enter- 
tained her sister a few days. 

Miss Carrie Smith, class '91, spent 
a week with Miss Ella Savior, an ex- 
member of the society. 

Miss Mohn, a former member of 
the C. L. S., who was present at the 
Clionian anniversary, visited her 
aunt, Mrs. Behm, on College Avenue. 

We were much pleased to notice 
among the ex-members present at 
the C. L. S. anniversary, Misses 
Musser, Quigley and Landis. 

Miss Anna Grove had the pleasure 
of a visit from her sister, November 
26th. 



Kalozetean Literary Society. 

Palma non sine Pulvere. 



The society is always glad to have 
their friends visit the sessions of the 
society. It afforded us great pleas- 
ure to have with us, on Friday even- 
ing, November 6th, Misses Dittmar, 
Stehman, Strickler and Weinman, 
also Prof. Lehman. The Professor 
in his pleasant manner spoke very 
encouraging to the society. We re- 
peat that we always welcome our 
friends to spend an evening with us 
in our society work, for we believe 
that thereby the society always is 
benefited. The encouragement 
which they bring with them has 
power. To the ladies and the pro- 
fessor and others, we would say, 
come and see us often. 

Messrs. Scott, Needy, Yohn and 
the writer had the pleasure of listen- 
ing to an interesting lecture bv the 
Rev. Joseph Cook, on Thursday 
evening, November 19th, at Leb- 
anon, his subject being "Ultimate 
America." 

As was °tated in a former number, 
the society was extended an invita- 
tion to meet with the Philokosmian 
Literary Societ" on Friday evening, 
November 20th. The evening was' 
pleasantly and profitably spent! 

' There was no session of society, 
Friday, November 21th, owing to 



the concert given by the " Imperial 
Quartette," which was indeed en- 
joyed by all. 

Mr. Jno. A. Shoemaker spent a 
few days at the college visiting 
friends. While here he enjoyed the 
exercises of the anniversary of the 
Clionians on Thanksgiving Day 
evening. He made a short visit to 
Philadelphia, after which he left for 
his place of business in Pittsburgh. 

We are glad to say that our 
brother, Rev. W. H. Artz, is meet- 
ing with grand success on his charge. 
Up to the present writing their have 
been five or six conversions on one 
of the appointments. We wish 
Bro. Artz success. 

The following topics were dis- 
cussed in regular meeting, December 
4th : " The Revolting States of South 
America ;" " The Food Supply of 
the Future " The Development of 
the Chinese Empire." Debate — Re- 
solved, That England is largely re- 
sponsible for the present condition 
of China. 

Philokosmian Literary Society. 



" Esse Quam Videri." 



J. D. Rice has been suffering with 
a boil on his neck. 

R. S. Harp, '89, of Washington, D. 
C, spent Thanksgiving with friends 
in town. 

W. M. Hain, '88, of Harrisburg, 
was here to the Clionian anniver- 
sary on the 26th ult. 

C. E. Geyer, '82, of Catawissa, 
spent several da} r s of last month in 
Philadelphia in the interest of his 
clients. 

J. F. Milliken and E. E. Cranmer, 
both of the class of '83, have started 
a partnership law office in Pittsburg, 
with very favorable signs of success. 

J. R. Wallace is spending his Sat- 
urdays very pleasantly at the dent- 
ist's. 

S. C. and S. F. Huber, D. G. 
Kreider and S. F. Stein enjoyed Fri- 
day, the 13th ult., with the C. L. S., 
our session having been postponed 
in favor of the prayer meetings which 
were then in progress. 

We were favored in our session of 
the 6th ult. by the presence of Miss 
Sherrick, with her niece, Miss Baker, 
and Miss Rice, Samuel Cottrell. an 
ex-member, Rev. Wiegand, Warren 
Henry and Arthur Beaver, who 
dropped in upon us unexpectedly. 
Visitors are always welcome to the 
rhetorical exercises of the P. L. S. 

The evening sessions of the County 
Institute were well attended by the 
members. Quite a number heard the 
Walter Emerson Concert Company 
on the 18th, and on the following 
evening, Joseph Cook on " Ulti- 



mate America." The modern Sot 
rates entertained and taught his audij 
ence for two hours in the grande 
style. He pointed out the ine 
haustible resources of our count 
with its advantages over other 
tions in climate, in fertility of soil 
due to the number and location 
our mountain ranges — in the 
which was to develope it, and 
consequent prospects for the futur 
but as well, the dangers which thre 
ened the realization of this gloric 
end — corrupt politics, etc. — i 
finally the means of overcomi 
them. The church, education 
the State form a tripod, each one 
ing essential to the existence of 
other two. The salvation of 
country depends on the diffusior 
(1) liberty; (2) education; (3) pt 
erty, and (4) conscientiousness. 

The society had invited the 
ulty and K. L. S. to meet with tl 
on the 20th ult. The program 
sisted of interesting biographies 
Greek philosophers and heroes ; p| 
ductions on the literary works an 
characteristic traits of Greek 
The debate, "Resolved, That 
Stoic system of philosophy 
proached more neai'ly the truth tl 
the Epicurean," was won by the 
firmative. 

The Faculty on this occasion c(j 
sisted of the President and his 
and Prof. Lehman and his wife. 
George W. Stein, of town, and 
Forney, of Burlington, Iowa, 
also present. 



and 



The Week of Prayer. 

The week of prayer for young flC^g 
was obserevd by us. Our Y. M. C. jj w ^ 
and Y. W. C. A. united their effoi . ear 

The pi-ogramme printed in ourl md ah 
issue was followed. The meetii [uestic 
were very well attended. Greeted 
spirit was manifested in a la oncerl 
degree in our midst. Teachers i ieared 
students were praying and labor es, a 
to lead those of our number i asy, 
know nothing of the great love ^j So 
God to Christ, the Divine Son tart a 
God. Joij le ' 

One soul was led to Christ ihool 
formed a saving acquaintance i Pdered 
Him. This alone rewards us j ition 8 
are interested in the salvation of ) the 
unconverted associates for the eff Ug f 
God's Word says that there is fl>tim e 
joy in Heaven over one sinner format 
repenteth than over ninety and inistei- 
just persons who need no repents ady \ )Q 
and that a soul is of infinitely 
value than a world or a nnive refined 
worlds. ll^dclre 

All who professed to be C!f 
followers were strengthened 
ually in our Christian warfare. 

Subscribe for The College E 



Wh( 




THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



79 



i Soc 

mdesi 
inex 



Junior Rhetorical. 

The first division of Prof. Deaner's 
class held public exercises on Decem- 
p, The program was as fol- 



ber 5 
lows: 

Duet— Dames Seville, Schubert 

Misses Stehman and Roop. 

Invocation Rev. H. B. Spayd 

Solo— Dolly's Revenge, Pontet 

Miss Carrie G. Eby. 

Essay — "The Shadows We Cast," 

Miss Delia Roop. 
Oration— "The Child of Sun and Show- 
ers," Miss Minnie Weinman 

Solo— Polonaise, Chopin 

Miss Lulu Baker. 

Essay— "All Aboard," 

Miss Catharine Mamma. 

Oiation — "Individuality," 

Horace W. Crider. 
Solo— Ah! When Thine Eyes of 

Azure, Lassen 

Miss Anna Wilson. 
Essay— "Advantages of Co-Education," 
Miss Florence Brindel. 

Oration — "The Golden Age," 

Samuel T. Meyer. 

Quartet — Dickjry, Dickory, Dock, 

Misses Wilson, Mamma, and Messrs. H. 
W. Crider and D. G. Kreider. 
All did well. The performers were 
rks aJ timely and up to the high standard 
eek lit of former years. The class furnished 
"hat tithe music, which was an innovation 
3hy ajthat was much enjoyed, 
nth 
y the 



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soil 

ion 

e r 

nd t 

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3omi 

>n ; 

one 
of i 
of 1 

ision 

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Notice. 

I am now ready to mail printed 
[information about, and also ques- 
tions for the annual examination on 
ihe International lessons for 1892. 
U Superintendents of schools 
should, as soon as possible, tell me 
ow many copies they will want re- 
ceptively , naming the number in 
'ach grade Senior, for those over, 
■nd Junior for those under, fifteen 
ears of age. I am confident that 
I who took the examination last 
ear will desire to this year also, 
li our Ind also a multitude of others. The 
Questions for examination are se- 
ated from the questions in the 
Pfert review exercises as they ap- 
* e ared in the Bible Lesson quarter- 
les , and will therefore be quite 
s y- No one should miss it. 
Also all material necessary to 
ie boifart and successfully operate the 
• K me De P artm ent of the Sunday- 
Lhnst e&ool is now ready, and should be 
tance |clered from me. Have all prepa- 
ls us ftions mad" and be ready to open 
ition oil) the department with the begin- 
r the eflbg f the new year. Hence, lose 
"l> time in sending for material and 
°rmation if desired. Ask your 
ni ster about it. Blanks have al- 
% been sent all traveling minis- 
whose addresses could be ob- 



er. 

aung 
.MJ 
jir effo 



G 
t a 1 
ichers 
1 labl 
mber 
at love| 



sinner 
ty and] 
re pent j 
nitely 
univeri 



be C'j 
iened 
i r fa re. 



^dress all communications to 
ROBERT COWDEN, 

Dayton, Ohio, 



„, veSr Subscribe for The Forum. 



REVIEWS. 



The second part of Mr. James's "Chap- 
eron" opens the Atlantic Monthly rot- 
December, and is another of the odd but 
clever stories with which Mr. James is 
fond of quizzing the public. This is fol- 
lowed by a paper (to be the first of a 
series of such articles) on "Joseph Sev- 
ern and his Correspondents." The cor- 
respondents are Richard Westmacott, 
the painter, George Richmond, the 
painter, and others; but the most in- 
teresting letter of the series is from 
John Ruskin, giving his first impressions 
of Venice. One quotation is character- 
istic, and not without truth: "I saw," 
says Mr. Ruskin, "what the world is 
coming to. We shall put it into a chain 
armor of railroad, and then everybody 
will go everywhere every day, until every 
place is like every other place ; and then 
when they are tired of changing stations 
and police they will congregate in knots 
in great cities, which will consist of club- 
houses, coffee-houses, and newspaper 
offices ; the churches will be turned into 
assembly rooms; and people will eat, 
sleep, and gamble to their graves." There 
are also quotations from Severn's own 
correspondence, and three or four letters 
from Mr. Seymour Kirkup. 

Miss Harriet Waters Preston and Miss 
Louise Dodge have a paper on " A Torch 
Bearer," the torch bearer in this instance 
being the Abbot of Ferrieres, by name 
Servatus Lupus. There is a short story 
of Italian life by Harriet Lewis Bradley; 
Professor A. V. G. Allen writes sympa- 
thetically of "The Transition of New 
England Theology," a paper which is 
based on the teachings of Dr. Hopkins ; 
and Mr. Lafcadio Heani continues his 
Japanese sketches in a paper on "The 
Most Ancient Shrine ot Japan," a shrine 
Rever before visited by a foreigner, and 
the treasures of which Mr. Lafcadio 
Hearn describes with his usual vivid 
color. Miss Repplier has a paper on 
"The Praises of War," and tells about 
the poets who have sung them, giving 
quotations from some of the most stirring 
war ballads and war songs which cele- 
brate "the deeds that belong to all ages 
and all nations, a heritage for every man 
who walks this troubled earth." There 
is a paper by Professor Charles H. Moore, 
of Cambridge, on "The Modern Art of 
Painting in France," and a most valuable 
essay on "Richard Third" by the late 
James Russell Lowell, — an essay which, 
it will be remembered, was read some 
years ago at Chicago, but which has 
never before been printed. "American 
Characters in German Fiction," "Recent 
Dante Literature," three sonnets on Lon- 
don and Oxford, and the Reviews close 
the number. 

The editor announces for the January 
number the beginning- of a serial entitled 
"Don Orsino," by F. Marion Crawford, 
author of " Sant Ilario, " " Saracinesca, " 
etc., and an article by Henry James on 
Lowell's London Life. 

IToighton, Mifflin & Co., 

Boston. 



The Century. — That great American 
periodical, The Century, is going to outdo 
its own unrivaled record in its programme 
for 1892, and as many of its new features 
began with the November number, new 
readers should commence with that issue. 

In this number are the opening chap- 
ters of "The Naulahka," a novel by 
Rudyard Kipling, the famous author of 
" Plain Tales from the Hills," written in 



collaboration with an American writer, 
Wolcott Balestier. It is the story of a 
young man and a young woman from a 
"booming" Colorado town, who go to 
India, he in search of a wonderful jewel- 
ed necklace, called "the Naulahka" 
(from which the story takes its name), 
and she as a physician to women. The 
novel describes their remarkable 'adven- 
tures at the court of an Indian mahara- 
jah. Besides this, The Century will print 
three other novels during the year, and a 
great number of short stories by the best 
American story-writers. 

The well-known humorist Edgar W. 
Nye ("Bill Nye ") is to write a series of 
amusing sketches which he calls his 
"autobiographies," the first one of 
which, "The Autobiography of a Justice 
of the Peace," is in November. This 
number also contains a valuable and sug- 
gestive article on "The Food-Supply of 
the Future," which every farmer should 
read, to be followed by a number of 
others of gieat practical value to farmers, . 
treating especially of the relations of the 
Government to the farmer, what it is 
doing and what it should do. This series 
will include contributions from officers of 
the Department of Agriculture, and 
other well-known men will discuss "The 
Farmer's Discontent," "Cooperation," 
etc., etc. 

A celebrated Spanish writer is to fur- 
nish a "Life of Columbus," which will 
be brilliantly illustrated, and the publish- 
ers of The Century have arranged with 
the managers of the World's Fair to print 
articles on the buildings, etc. 

One of the novels to appear in 1892 is 
a Story of New York Life, by the author 
of " Anglomaniacs, " and the magazine 
will contain a great deal about the me- 
tropolis during the year — among other 
things a series of illustrated articles on 
"The Jews in New York." In Novem- 
ber is an illustrated description of "The 
Players' Club," founded by Edwin 
Booth, and one of the features of the 
splendidly illustrated Christmas (De- 
cember) number is an article on "The 
Bowery." 

To get The Century send the yearly 
subscription price ($4.00) to The Century 
Co., Union Square, New York, N. Y. 

The Committee on Course of 
Study of the Newport, Ky., schools 
recently considered the question of 
the introduction of German in the 
schools. One thousand three hun- 
dred and seventy-five replies were 
received to the cards sent out by the 
committee to ascertain the senti- 
ment of the parents in regard to the 
subject; 1,050 of the replies were in 
favor and 325 against, which practi- 
cally settles the matter, as the board 
will be guided almost entirely by the 
report of the committee. There will 
be an informal meeting of the board 
at an early date, when the matter 
will be thoroughly discussed. 

A Good One.— One thousan d dollars will 
be paid by THE Queen to the lady or gentleman, 
girl or hoy, forming the largest list of English 
words (of not less than four letters ) from the letters 
contained in " Queen Souvenir Spoon." Five hun- 
dred dollars will bo paid to the one sending the second 
largest list and one hundred additional good prizes 
given in order of merit. Those sending list must 
enclose $1.00 for one year's subscription to The 
Qcbbk, a large, forty-eight page, family magazine. 
Competitors enclosing fifteen II. S. two-cent stamps 
extra to cover expenses of mailing, etc., will receive 
free one of The Queen's elegant Souvenir Spoons of 
Canada. The Queen is the most popular family pub- 
lication and has the largest circulation of any in 
Canada. Sample number with full particulars of 
Competition postpaid for six U. S. two-cent stamps. 
Address The Canadian Queen, Toronto, Can. 




80 



THE COLLEGE FORUM. 



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Century Dictionary 



An Encyclopedic Lexicon of the 
English Language, prepared under 
the Superintendence of William 
D wight Whitney, Ph. D., LL.D., 
Professor of Comparative Philology 
and Sanskrit in Yale University. 



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It is conducted on the REVERTING FUHl 
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Plan circulars will be mailed to any one a 
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perior to those offered by any other compani 
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Visiting Cards 
Plate and 50 for $1.00. 
Address Dies. 
Monograms. 
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THE CHAS. H. ELLIOTT CO. 



Makes a Specialty of Class Rings, also 
has a Fine Line of Goods Suitable 
for Holiday Presents. 

830 Cumberland St., Lebanon, Pa. 
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EVERY one in need -if information on the suhject 
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' ' Book for Advertisers, ' ' 3(is pages, pri,:e one dollar. 
Mailed, postage paid, on receipt of price. Contains a 
careful compilation from the American Newspaper 
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gives the circulation rating of every one, and a good 
deal of information about rates and other matters 
pertaining to the business of advertising. Address 
HOWELL'S ADVERTISING BUREAU, 10 Spruce 
Sfreet, New York. 



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SUCCESSOR OF THE UNABRI1 

Re-edited and Reset from Cover tod 
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The work of revision occupied over 
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Critical comparison with any Dicti 
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A descriptive pamphlet containing** 
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Caution is needed in purchasing a dic» 
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